- Authors: Astakhov A. AND. (FNC Vick them. IN. R. Williams)
- Appeared when crossed: shape 37-5 x grade sighter dove
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Timing of ripening: early ripening
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Yield: High
- Purpose: Universal
- Mass of berries, g: 1.9
- Epishers: Medium, crankshaft, brownish-olive, fine-handed, matte, interstices are brought
- Sheet: Three-blade, with medium cuts, large, dark green; Release plate, leathery, wrinkled, matte
See all the characteristics
All beloved black currant is a storehouse of vitamins and trace elements, a berry, which always uses in great demand from gardeners and consumers. The berry is not only useful, but also tasty in any form – fresh, in the filling of pies and cakes, in the form of a variety of jams and jams, compotes and juices. Many consider the variety of raisin ideal for cultivation.
History of removal
Authorship in the removal of a unique variety belongs to. AND. Astakhov, who headed the FNC Vick. IN. R. Williams and his team. To obtain the desired result, the form 37-5 and variety sighs of doves were used as parental varieties. The raisin was allowed to use in 2007.
Description of varieties
Compact medium (150 cm) A bush consists of reproductive, located in a pretty compressed state, crankshafts with pinned interstices. Matte bark of brownish-olive color is covered barely noticeable input. Dark green three-bladed leaves, with the dissection of medium depths have a matte, slightly wrinkled, convex leathery surface. A bush blooms large pale yellow flowers assembled in a medium-sized brush, numbering from 6 to 12 berries.
Characteristic of berries
Rounded, a matte black berry has large sizes (1.9 g), a large number of vitamins and nutrients. Berry is tightly attached to the fruit, and practically does not appear in the quilt, which allows to wait for the ripening of the whole crop.
The berry is raisinally distinguished by high sweetness – the content of sugars reaches 9% of the total mass. In addition, the fruits have ascorbic and other acids (1.8%), vitamin C (162% / mg). However, in taste of the acid almost no felt, the fragrance is strong, but not a shit, rather refreshing.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety belongs to the early category – the period of fruiting occurs from the first numbers of July.
In this regard, the currant indicators are raisin also at the height – with a bush collect up to 2 kg, with 1 hectare of 30-70 centners.
The variety was displayed for cultivation in the Central and North-West regions, but his unpretentiousness allows cultivation in all areas except the northern.
You can plant bushes in spring and autumn, but many gardeners prefer the autumn period, believing that time remains enough to root, but in the spring currant goes faster. Compactness saves the area under landing, observing the distance of 1-1.2 meters between the plants. More often, it is no longer possible, otherwise the thickening will prevail. Increased humidity, this is a source of fungal diseases.
Place for planting Choose solar, you need to try to avoid even light shaders, and then the berry will be honey-sweet. The soil should be fertile, with neutral acidity. If the pH level is too high, then the soil should be deselected with chalk, lime, dolomite flour or plaster. At the bottom of the landing pit with dimensions of 70×70 cm, it is necessary to arrange a drainage layer. Dropped Earth enriched with an organic basis using compost, humid, bird litter for this, and tree ash, superphosphate, potassium salt. Heavy thin soils need to make loose. For this you can use river sand. Sidential sowing also contributes to the burst of soil.
The most correct to enter nutrients in the fall. During rains and when melting, the soil is saturated with the necessary trace elements. Currant reacts negatively to high humidity, which must be considered when choosing a place. Nearby there should be no groundwater location, and even more so it is impossible to plant it in swampy shorts. If this is allowed, the root system will quickly begin to start.
Growing and care
Further care for currant is raisin is simple, and requires compliance with elementary agrotechnical rules, for which he will thank the excellent crop of delicious and useful berries. Despite the fact that the currant does not like water stagnation, it needs regular irrigation 1-2 times a week, taking into account the weather – the bushes are watered in drought, during the protracted rains of watering, in general, cancel.
The most favorable time of irrigation – the evening, when the sun’s rays lose their activity, and the coming night will not allow you to quickly dry by moisture. This means that plants will have more time to “get drunk”. Everyone knows how dangerously water in the heat in the daytime, but neat watering under the bush will not harm the plant. If all the foliage fell under water, that is, an easy way to avoid burns – it is worth only to moisten the adjacent territory. Evaporation will protect the gentle leaves, and by the time the wet earth will dry, leaves and leaves.
Making nutrients spend not only in the fall. Timely feeding during the spring-summer period are equally important. The first spring feeding is made in the period of bootonization and formation of uncess – for this use potash-phosphoric compositions. After harvesting, the currant is feeding with superphosphate, wood ash hood, potassium sulfate. In addition to the introduction of mineral fertilizers and organic, you can feed the currants of a fermented herbal infusion several times during the summer.
As for sanitary trimming, it is necessary for adult bushes. Old shoots in the spring are removed so that the bush does not spend their strength. When you delete you need to leave the so-called silence shoots, that is, zero, when choosing strong and reliable, able to give a good harvest for the next year. In the middle of summer, experienced gardeners remove part of the new branches, shorting them about 10 cm. This technique stimulates the appearance of new shoots.
In order to avoid frozen roots, the root circles are plunged for the winter, then they can be covered with agricultural. Any shelter is removed in early spring as soon as it allows. The land that the roots were embarrassed, it is best to remove, but so as not to shift at the same time, filled with the autumn organics.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Black currant raisin has a strong immunity, successfully opposes traditional diseases and pests of this species – fungal diseases and soil. However, 100% guarantees do not exist; therefore, it is not necessary to neglect the preventive treatments insecticides and fungicides.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
The raisin has excellent resistance to drought, and also not afraid of frosts and light shaders.