- Authors: VSPP, and.IN. Cossacks
- Repair: Yes
- Berry color: light red
- Taste: sour-sweet
- Ripening time: late
- Weight berry, g: 4.2 – 4.6, Maximum – 6.0
- Yield: 14-15 t / ha above, 2.2 – 2.5 kg with bush
- Frost resistance, ° C / winter hardiness: Middle
- Purpose: Suitable for consumption in the latest form and all types of processing
- Period of fruiting: from the second half of August and until October
See all the characteristics
The raspberry sort of raspberries received excellent characteristics, thanks to which it stands out against the background of other varieties. The exotic name indicates that during the fruiting, the shrub is covered with plenty of bright berries.
Description of varieties
High raspberry raspberry bushes, powerful, but weak. They reach a height of 160-190 centimeters. Shoots painted in green, fat and durable. Them covers wax. Small Pale Green Leaves Are Covered with Little Wrinkles. From the back – white. Spikes small and thin. They grow in the middle and lower parts of the shoots.
Timing of ripening
Firebird – repairing grade that brings harvest for harvest for one season. The first berries ripen late, and the period of fruiting starts from the second half of August and continues until October.
Firebird pleases gardeners high yield. From 2.2 to 2.5 kg of berries are obtained from one plant, if you properly care for the culture. When growing on an industrial scale with a hectare of Malinnik, they collect from 14 to 15 tons of fruit. Berries are good because they have excellent transportability, due to which they retain the form and taste during transportation.
Berries and their taste
Raspberry color – light red with glitter. Shape – conical elongated. Large fruits are gaining in weight 4.2-4.6 grams. Some copies reach 6 grams. Taste saturated rainy, acid and sweetness are combined with harmonious. Aroma intense, but pleasant. The flesh is tender and juicy, because of which the berries are often used in fresh form.
After ripening, the raspberry is held on the branches for a long time, it does not appear and does not deteriorate. Collected and cooled harvest is stored from 3 to 4 days.
Features of cultivation
Sustainability of garden culture both to frost and drought – average. Self-free raspberries are pollinated without any problems, even if there is no factory pollinators nearby. Firebird loves sunlight. He is needed to ripen sweet and juicy berries. In the process of growth, shrubs are moderately watered and conducted sanitary trimming. Recommended areas for growing – Central and Central Black Earth Regions of Russia.
Within the middle strip and in the northern regions, the seedlings are planted in spring. Increased soil moisture and lack of permanent heat will help cuttings quickly getting like in a new place. In the south, Malina is planted in the fall, when non-jar and cloudy days are becoming more.
According to experienced gardeners, the fireband is recommended to plant a bush method. When choosing a ribbon method, the seedlings should be more tight to each other than any other remote raspberry variety. This feature is due to compactness of plants.
On the plantation of trenches or pits should be depth of 30-40 centimeters. Before boarding, a nutritious substrate is laid in them, which consists of humus, ash, compost and land. Instead of ash often use ready-made mineral fertilizers. The optimal distance between shrubs is from 60 to 70 centimeters. When choosing a ribbon landing circuit, the cuttings are drunk in a trench at a distance of 30-40 centimeters. The gap between the rows is 1.5-2 meters. When landing, seedlings deepen to the root cervical level. After work, the Earth is necessarily watered with water and covered with a layer of mulch.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
Choosing a plot for raspberry, be sure to pay attention to the soil. Firebird loves loose and fertile land with an acidity level of 4-5 pH. If the soil does not comply with the stated requirements, it is loosened with the addition of organics (manure, humus or peat). Acidness index is adjusted by limestone.
When choosing autumn landing, the territory for Malinnik is prepared in the spring, and in the fall – in the fall. The land is purified from unnecessary plants, feed, loose and smash. The plot located on the south side is remarkably suitable for sufficient illumination. At the same time, it must be protected from drafts. A small half is allowed, but only for a couple of hours during a light day.
Rasina It is customary to plant on a small slope or even plot. Otherwise, the Earth drains. Drainage databases are needed for excess moisture. When planting plants on the bottom of the landing holes or trenches, stones, gravel or broken brick lay out.
Sanitary trimming of fruit shrubs – standard agricultural condition. Remove the affected, dry, broken and damaged shoots. And also get rid of branches that replicated. When growing raspberries as annual culture with the arrival of winter, all branches under the root are cut. With the onset of spring formed new shoots.
Watering and feeding
Firebird loves moisture very much, however, the shrubs should be careful to prevent moisture stagnation. Watering must be regular. Lack of moisture negatively affects berries, they become small, dry and lose taste. So that Malinnik constantly obtained the desired portion of moisture, you can organize a moderate watering with automatic systems. The hot summer plants are watered much more often compared to other times of the year. With frequent atmospheric precipitation, irrigation fully stop.
Under the end of the autumn, when growth is suspended, shrubs can be filled with fresh manure. In the spring, this substance is better not to use. Instead, the soil is treated with urea or ammonium nitrate. Wood ashes contribute to the ground when bounds. And also effective will be fading bird litter, characters, compost and ready mineral complexes. Fertilizers are desirable to bring to moisturized ground.
Frost resistance and preparation for winter
Given the average resistance of the grade to frost, plantation is desirable to prepare for wintering. The shoots are carefully pressed against the ground, shelted with a dense textile material and sprinkled with the earth (peat or sawdust can also be suitable). With the onset of winter branches throw in snow. If shrubs were cropped under the root, they are also covered, and overwhelming, sawdust or peat on top of the material.
Diseases and pests
Firebird practically does not suffer from infections and dangerous insects, which often become the cause of the death of Malinnik. The immunity of the plant falls if not comply with the rules of agrotechnology. The most common diseases are: gray rot, anthracnose and rust.
To reduce the risk of development and reproduction, you need to adhere to the following recommendations;
Between shrubs, you need to leave enough free space;
Complete of Malinnik and the removal of weed plants on the plot;
Preparation for winter.
Modifying raspberries with shrubs-seedlings or cuttings. When buying a planting material, it needs to be carefully examined by diseases and defects.
The process of reproduction with cuttings:
Young branches rooted in the ground under a strong film in greenhouse conditions;
the next spring raspberry hardened, removing the film;
With the onset of autumn cuttings you can plant in open ground.