Pinch peppers seedlings to increase yield and prevent the growth of very elongated, weak stems. If the task of the garden is to get a strong seedlings, sprawl, life is difficult to do without this procedure.
The need for procedure
Pipher is the way to get a healthier and hardy seedling. The essence of the procedure comes down to shortening the central stem, as the result of the shoots are thicken, the size of the sheet plates increases, the number is doubled. Paging, or step-down, is an operation to reduce the crough on culture in favor of the crown growth. And pepper, and other plants (the same tomatoes, for example) pinch – this is already established practice. Increases the number of stocks, their growth is activated, and from each sample you can get more fruit. It turns out that the nutritional components will not go into the growth of seedlings, but for frozing.
We learn what advantages of the procedure.
- Fruits will grow larger than when refusing to procedure. The shell of vegetables will be thick, strong and dense. And this is a good sign – the possibility of longer storage of peppers and more predictable preservation results.
- The root system after steaming only wins: it gets more moisture and nutrients from the soil.
- Fruit kidney plants after the procedure are growing faster, and therefore ripening will be harder.
- Take care of the seedlings itself it will be easier: to loosen the earth, handle the culture from pests, feed.
- The threat of a reduction in fungal infections is another merit of step-in, especially well it will save from black rot. Also from mosaic infection, pinching also rescues to some extent.
- Lighting bushes – an important moment in the care of the culture. After pinching, this indicator is unambiguously improved.
Thus, The procedure conducted over the Bulgarian and other types of peppers is able to increase the yield of culture by 15-20%, Easy the leaving of the plant and improve the quality of the fruit. Its feasibility is not in doubt, the more risk of damage, traumatization of plants under the procedure is minimal. Of course, this is possible, but there is a step-by-step instruction, acting according to which you can avoid typical errors and do everything right.
Not all varieties of plants need piping, and not all passing algorithms are correct. Therefore, in each case, the approach should be individual.
Paging is carried out within certain time, according to the rules. If you ignore them, it is easy to damage. Plants or slow down growth, or even perished. And not because the peppers are so picky, just some actions are dangerous even for the most persistent plants. One of them is inexperienced. So, the optimal term for pinching is a stage when 5 present leaves are formed on pepper. No need to wait when culture will bloom. Such an instance has a rather strong root system, and it is preros up to 10-15 cm (specifics depends on the variety). And at the same time, seedlings should knock at least 25 days.
At this age, the plants are ready to “move” to the greenhouse, settle down at a permanent place. They can already calmly move the shortening of the tops, steaming and removal of the crown bud. If the plant is already becoming more adult, you need to overtake it those shoots, on which there are no floral kidney, lower skeletal leaves. It will improve the ventilation, the access of sunlight to the plant, and it is important that the fruits are well warmed.
At the moment when the crop matures, pinching is also carried out. His goal is to remove the barriers and colors that have not yet managed to mature. They are not needed because they take the power and food in the plant, and the felt (that is, the fruits) will not allow.
Let’s describe the step by step process.
- Capture sweet (and not only) Pepper can be a sharp cutting garden tool. Of course, sterile, disinfected. This is usually or scissors, or scalpel. But you can cope and just with your hands. Experienced gardeners are manually taken for business, because both faster, and less risks accidentally impass the neighboring plants.
- The tops of the shoots are inspiring is extremely delicate. If during the procedure damage the surface shell of the residue of the stem, you will have to remove a whole section of the plant.
- The process itself is necessary to begin with the designation of skeletal branches of the plant. These are the most powerful shoots, they are simply determined visually. The tops that are hidden in the sinuses in the area of the fifth real leaf, cut. Well, either just handle hands.
- Zagazy on the pepons do not leave, as their presence will slow down the development of side stems. Therefore, the buds that have reached about 5 mm are further removed.
- Then shortening the side shoots. The procedure is carried out in the period when seedlings turn out to be on the street and there are no less than three fruits on pepper.
Attention! All actions should be carried out in the evening, preferably – in dry weather. And before this seedlings need to pour.
All samples that will be pinned must be healthy. Painful seedlings may not transfer procedures.
We list several important points.
- Not all gardeners are engaged in pinching. This is normal, especially if a person gets a desirable harvest without procedure. But nevertheless, most of them remove the lower and grown inward, because air flow and light access – unconditional benefits for the plant.
- The circumcision of the royal bud should be said more. These are the buds that the plants appear first, are formed on the development of the main branch. They have an element that does not give culture to grow normally and develop. You can leave the royal bud only when in plans – seed collection or there is a need to delay the growth of the plant (such happens, for example, with an early landing in the street soil). It is necessary to delete it when the pepper will shoot up to 20 cm.
- Side shoots cut at the start of the growing season. Leave you need somewhat strong twigs. Those shoots that will be formed later, cut down either carefully cut.
- If there are fruitless shoots on the perfume (those under the first branching of the main stem), they should also be removed. And with them and the lower sheets that ruthlessly spend the nutrients, and also concern the Earth. For feeding fruitless shoots it’s just plus.
- Skeletal shoots pinch somewhere for 6 weeks before frozenship. On one sample save about 25 stocks, no longer need. Because more fruits still one bustice does not “endure”.
And since the pitch is still stressing for the plant, you need to help him quickly recover. First of all it is watering – there should be enough moisture in the ground. At the time of watering can be added to the water by manganese, so that the solution is weaker. He disartins the land well, drives pests from the soil. On the second after the pieces of the day, the culture can be extremely irrevocated, usually use complex compositions for this.
And, of course, it is worth considering that the procedure somewhat will move the ripening period of fruits, days for 5-7 days. In the northern regions, take into account this circumstance is especially important.
What varieties do not need to be quenched?
No need to do anything with hybrid pepper varieties, bitter and low. For gardens, this is actually axiom. Little, and still dwarf varieties should not be formulated with step-in, because they also cope: there will be a right bush and a good harvest without any manipulations.
Except that some representatives of this list will require partial steaming in the event that the bushes are sitting too close. It is fraught with diseases and to warn them, bushes selectively steps. But only weak branches and those branches are cleaned that they grow inside.
Among the popular varieties that do not need a procedure: “Florida”, “Swallow”, “Red Bogatyr”, “Zodiac”, “Barguzin”, “Ilya Muromets”, as well as “Othello” F1, “Buratino” F1, “Maxim” F1 and some others.