- Authors: E. NS. Finain (Kuibyshev Experienced Horticultural Station)
- Appeared when crossed: Renochemer Red X Rencle Bave
- Year of assumptions: 1965
- Type of growth: Silnororal
- Crown: spherical, raised, medium thick
- Full size: Large
- The weight of the fetus, g: 34
- Form form: oval-rounded, one-dimensional, to the base was narrowed
- Painting fruit: red-purple, blurred, solid
- Skin : medium, naked, with a strong wax flare, from the fetus is removed easily
See all the characteristics
Volga Beauty – Sort of home plum, widespread in the territory of the central region of Russia. The thermal-loving plant gives abundant yields, and its fruits are considered excellent dessert in the fresh form, well suited for processing. The variety has perfectly proven himself when growing in fruit gardens and in summer cottages.
History of removal
The variety is derived by E. NS. Finain in the 30s of the 20th century in Kuibyshev, assumed to use after the variety tests in 1965. Received when crossing the rattles of red and renodka Bave.
Description of varieties
Trees in this plum are high and strong, demonstrate intensive growth already in the first years after landing. Crown is not strong thickened, spherical, volumetric. The shoots are thickened, directed straight, without chopping, leaning on them. Branches are covered with large wide leaves with a light green wrinkled plate. Flowers at the tree large, white, double or triple.
Plums at variety Volga beauty large, average weight of each – 34 grams. The skin is naked, medium density, easy to remove, with a strong wax raid, painted in red-purple color. The form of fruit oval-rounded with a narrowing to the base, the abdominal seam stands out, has a middle depth. The pulp is brightly painted, yellow-orange, the juice does not have colors, the bone is small, well separated.
Fruits sweet-sweet, with a delicate juicy flesh. Tasting rating at grade 4.5 points.
Ripening and fruiting
First crop shoot for 4-5 years after landing. Early grade, fruits from 10 to 25 August, annually.
The volume of fees depend on the age of the tree, the conditions of its cultivation. In general, the yield is estimated as high, 12-25 kg from 1 plants during the season.
Volga Beauty is zoned for landing in Nizhnevolzhsky, Mersatnevian, central regions.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
Self-visible plum, in bloom comes from 11 to 20 May. Among the best varieties of pollinators, it is possible to highlight the Torryside Kuibyshev, Zhiguli, the Red Sorridge.
Growing and care
Volga Beauty refers to the varieties in need of landing in a well-lit place. The soil is better to choose fertile. Flammable clay, light source black soaking with moderate humidity level. In the period of growth and development, trees need trimming, feeding.
For landing, you can choose early spring or late autumn. If there are no time for the acclimatization before the frosts, the young plant for the winter can be shoved. The landing pit is made to prepare for 10-12 days, forming a well about 0.5 m in the depth and a little more diameter. The extracted soil is saturated with useful additives – overworked manure or humus, phosphates, potassium sources, wood ash. The resulting substrate pit fill on 2/3.
Before boarding the center of the pit, a panderous peg. The tree put from the north of it, fall asleep the remaining soils. The seedling slightly shakes so that the earth gets between the roots. Then the soil is compacted. The root cervical plum after landing should be above the ground level.
Upon completion of this stage, the tree trunk is tested to the support. Soil abundantly moisturizes. In the future, the irrigation rate is regulated on the basis of weather conditions. In the hot summer, moisture make weekly, cool – once every 10-14 days. Undercumation dropped from 3 years after landing on the site becomes regular.
Fertilizers are brought during the bootonization, then at the stage of formation of fruits. Next feeding is carried out immediately after harvest. Fertilizers must have a balanced mineral composition. Sulphate Potassium, urea.
The rest of the care is worth focusing on the roller circle. It is regularly loose, purified from weed grass. It is not recommended to leave fairy foliage and fruits in this zone.
The formation of a plum tree begins with 1 or 2 years after landing. It makes up a 25-40 cm strabr, there should be 7-8 skeletal branches in the crown. It is important to withstand between them an equal distance, gradually forming the right spherical crown.
To winter cold, the tree is also prepared. Plums worse transfer them than other fruit trees. In front of the winter they are feeding them, then do the area over the roots, forming a small embankment near the trunk. Fruit-based plants are performed on a height of about 1 m from the ground level. It will protect the village from malicious parasites.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The degree of immune protection in plants is average. Quite often, on plum you can see signs of defeat with a sickness, leading to the damage to the fruit. They are covered with a whiten flaw, fall. The best means of prophylaxis in this case will be spraying branches of burgundy liquid. She will help to cope with a holey spottedness and other fungal diseases.
The drain of this variety is highly resistant to the defeat of the fruit. But the plum fault can cause serious damage to the leaves. You can fight this insect with the help of folk remedies – from the solution of the economic soap until the dandelion. The plum sawder and silkworm are especially dangerous for the plant during the fruiting period, to prevent their appearance, spraying the trees insecticide early spring.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Winter hardiness at the Volga Beauty above average. Improving air humidity variety is not too good. Plants feel better in dry and hot periods. To drought trees are relatively resistant. Do not suffer severely acidic soils.
Gardeners from the Volgograd region and nearby regions are highly appreciated by the variety of Volga Beauty. Fruits manage to completely ripen on trees, suitable for cooking desserts and processing on jams, sauces, compotes. It is noted that all plums are obtained one-dimensional, without deformations, it is not bad to carry transportation and storage. Sades appreciate the trees of this variety so high also for undemanding in care, high growth rate.
The big advantage of the variety is its commercial potential. In large gardens, these plums are successfully grown for sale, without having a crop obtaining. It is only important not to forget that trees need regular disease prevention. Schedule Spraying Dachnings advise to adjust, taking into account the climatic characteristics of each year. If other fruit trees got sick on the site, it’s not worth slowing with prophylaxis.
The main disadvantages of the Volga beauty consider the large size of the tree, which occupies a significant area of the plot. In addition, the kidneys of the plant do not always tolerate frosty winter, often freeze with severe cooling. With high humidity, the fruits begin to crack. In thickened gardens, trees are developing worse, experienced gardeners advise to leave around the pit at least 3 m of free space.