Plum Rencle Kolkhoznya

  • Authors: AND. IN. Michurin (All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants. AND.IN. Michurina)
  • Appeared when crossed: Rencle Green X Territory
  • Year of assumptions: 1947
  • Type of growth: middle-resistant
  • Crown: rounded-colorful, medium density and desirable
  • Full size: Middle
  • The weight of the fetus, g: 24
  • Form form: rounded
  • Painting fruit: Yellow
  • Skin : Thin, dull, separated from the pulp, with a small bluish wax

See all the characteristics

Plum home called Rencle Kolkhoznyy is grown in Russian gardens over 70 years. This yellow-grade variety is an excellent pollinator for many other types of fruit trees, is valued for its universal characteristics, vitality and ease of care. Once with such plums were planted whole gardens, today they are more often found on private diseases.

Description of varieties

Trees are not too large, medium height. Croon moderately thick, spreaded, rounded, in an adult tree twisting, flattened. Such changes are associated with the deformation of the branches under the weight of the harvest. Savages painted in red-brown color, leaves light green. During flowering, a tree was covered with white buton, excessing a gentle thin fragrance.

Fruit characteristic

Medium plums, weighing about 24 g, with a traditional rounded shape and thin skin. The fruits are painted in yellow, have a light bluish fall, numerous points over the surface. The flesh inside the middle-density, semi-freely separated from the bone.

Taste qualities

The fruits are sour and sweet, pleasant, sufficiently juicy and gentle when rolling. In the fresh form, the tasting evaluation of the drain reaches 4 points. They are equally well suited for processing in sauces, baking cooking, cooking jams.

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Ripening and fruiting

Fruits appear annually to 2 decade of August. In terms of the time of ripening drain, the middle-aid, sidelity is also average. First harvest is worth waiting not earlier than 4-5 years from the moment of landing. When shredding plums prone to sickness.

Yield

Rencode collective farm belongs to high-yielding varieties. Adult tree 10 years gives 39-51 kg of fruits. The first crop will be modest, not more than 8-10 kg.

Regions growing

This variety of plums is entered in the State Register in Central, Central Committee and Northwest Regions. It is here that it is recommended to grow.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Pluma self-proper. For successful cross-pollination, it requires the presence of other varieties in the garden, whose flowering time in which falls for the same period. Chergerka Moscow or Volga Beauty. It is not capable of this grade to cross only with Chinese plums.

Growing and care

Landing this plum is better planning for the spring months so that it will have to root and acclimatize. Autumn months can not be enough for this, and winter frosts will lead to the death of a young plant. The choice of place is made in favor of solar, well-protected areas of winds not diagnosed with large-carriers or buildings. Better to navigate the southern and southeast side of the land.

Best of all this domestic plum grade is growing and developing on sampling or driving soils. The level of acidity on them should be maintained in the range of 6.5-7 pH. Close-up of groundwater to the roots of trees is contraindicated. It can harm the root system, will lead to its loading and affecting various diseases.

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If you plan to put several trees at once, the markup on the site is performed according to the 3 × 3 m scheme. The pits are digging taking into account the size of the root system of the plant, usually grabs a diameter of 80 cm with a depth of 0.5 m. Extracted soil is not deleted, but improves. It is connected from 10 liters of compost and 100 g of wood ash.

Highly acidic soils can be improved by adding a small amount of lime-puffs. In a sufficiently loose and saturated, the soil can be added not additional humid, but mineral fertilizers. For each tree in this case, a complex of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (200 and 80 g, respectively) is laid. All ingredients are thoroughly mixed. They fill the pit, leave it for 2-3 weeks.

Even strong seedlings should be further suspended. To do this, the pit is installed in the pit, plugged it. The garter is performed exclusively with synthetic materials. The planting process itself does not require much effort. The young tree is freed from the packaging, if necessary, soaked roots in water, then they install them inside the wells from the south from the backup, sprinkle with a prepared substrate.

For watering plums in the roast area immediately after landing, rounded groove with a closed circuit is formed. It is in her further and will be made fertilizer, moisture for watering. Immediately after landing, about 30 liters of water are served here. The groove can be proceded and in advance.

Frequent watering renkelosis collective farm is not needed. According to the author’s recommendations, moisture contribute every 2-3 weeks. The surface of the soil between these procedures is necessarily covered with a thick layer of mulch. Irrigation rates change as trees grow. If it first plums there are enough water buckets, then by 5-6 years, with the entry into fruction, for 1 time the root will be made up to 100 liters.

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Other important recommendations should be noted the loosening of the priority circle. In the fall, it is complemented by looping with cleaning of unnecessary root row. If you leave it, the yield will noticeably decrease. Also during this period, pruning. Young trees leave 4-6 skeletal branches.

The chart of feeding will also be too complicated. Nitrogen organic fertilizers are brought in autumn, with periodicity of 3 years. In the spring to flowering landings are processed on the soil of ammonia nitrogen.

Resistance to diseases and pests

One of the main deficiencies of the renod of collective farm is susceptibility to fungal diseases. According to this indicator, the old grade is noticeably inferior to most new. But it is resistant to gamoture, and with regular sanitary trimming, the tree will be less raised by the risk of fungal diseases. When a plum sawder or fruit on the branches appears on the branches, it is worth considering the possibility for spraying the crown with modern chemical insecticides.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness. Ordinary cold up to -25-30 degrees plum trees transfer quite well. With the short-term effects of lower temperatures, part of the branches will freeze, but for 2-3 years, Krone restores its volume. Also trees are resistant to sunburn burns, do not fear the tightening heat and drought.

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