- Authors: Selection of Ukraine
- Type of growth: Silnororal
- Crown: Medium density
- Tree height, m: Up to 5
- Full size: Large
- The weight of the fetus, g: 40-50
- Form form: Round
- Painting fruit: Yellow with orange blush
- Skin : dense, with wax raid
- Flesh (consistency): juicy
See all the characteristics
Plum, one of the favorite fruits cultivated not only in the garden sites of the southern regions, but also in more northern regions – the middle strip, the Urals, Siberia. Home Plum Honey White, Honey Yellow has an attractive appearance, excellent taste, high transportability and versatility of application. Her fruits are used for consuming in a fresh form, they boil amazingly beautiful and delicious jams, jams, confitures, used in desserts, baking.
History of removal
Authorship in obtaining a variety belongs to the Ukrainian breeder l. N. Taranenko. The work of Taranenko was carried out by order of the state, when people desperately needed enhanced nutrition and vitamins in difficult post-war years. Additional task – Obtaining a crop from culture in any conditions.
Description of varieties
High-resistant (4-7 m) Tree has a powerful spreading crown of medium-sized deck, reaching in diameter 5 meters. Fortunately, the drain is not inclined to the excessive formation of shoots, and therefore thickening. The plant can be called unpretentious, despite the fact that it is necessary to perform certain agricultural conditions, but it is characteristic of all fruit-berries, if the task of obtaining the maximum harvest is facing the gardener.
High adaptive abilities;
calm reaction to temperature differences;
The variety is not afraid of return freezers, calmly transfers drought;
earlyness, excellent taste, universal purpose, transportability;
When pollination by other varieties, high-quality indicators do not change in the fruit of honey white.
Disadvantages – very big krone, because of which it is much more difficult to process and collect harvest.
Large (40-50 g), aligned rounded fruits are painted in yellow tones with orange blush, and covered with dense skin with a strong twist of Pruin. The bone is quite easily separated from the pulp.
Juicy pulp of yellow has a sweet honey taste with light sourness and thin aroma. Evaluation of the tasting commission of 4.5 points out of five possible.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety belongs to the early category: the harvest is collected in late July – early August. Fruption begins at the 4th year after landing, if agrotechnical conditions are met.
Honey is characterized as a high-yielding variety – from one tree collect up to 35 kg of fruits. At the same time, the wood of this variety is very weak, and skeletal branches are often closed under the weight of the harvest. To save a tree, gardeners install backups.
Honey white led in Ukraine, adapted to local conditions, over time, mastered the entire post-Soviet space – Moldova, Transcarpathia. In the Russian Federation lives in the Kaluga region, CSC, Belgorodchin and even in Altai.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
The variety belongs to self-visible and needs pollinators – Hungarian Early, Rencle Karbyshev.
Growing and care
Due to the bulk crown, plants require quite a long distance between the trees, but fortunately, the grade does not suffer. At the same time, it is necessary to remember – despite drought resistance, the plant loves abundant watering.
The most suitable planting material – annual seedlings with a closed root system (ZKS), but also on open roots (OCS) plums are well caring, especially if you pre-process “Kornvin”. It is necessary to carefully look at the appearance – the bark should be smooth and intact, the trunk is smooth, without visible defects, on the branches of live fruit buds. Maximum height up to 1.5 meters, high plants have lower survival rates.
Good neighbors for plum are Alycha, sweet cherry, apricots, peaches and elders, releasing. Finding next to conifers, birch, pear and nut.
Plants planted both in spring and autumn. Plot for landing should be sunny, with sandy or clay soil. The optimal distance between the trunks is 3 m, between rows of 5 meters, but the swampy plots do not tolerate. Sizes of landing pit 60x60x60 cm. At the bottom, the drainage layer is organized, installed support for a fragile stem. The fertile part of the ducklings is mixed with lime, humid, superphosphate, wood ash, potassium chloride.
The drainage layer puffs up a smaller part of the dug and prepared soil. The plant is neatly installed, straightening the roots, if it is an ox, or simply set if an instance is planted with zx. Fertile soil fall asleep, root neck leaves open by 5-6 cm. The rolling circle is compacted, abundantly watered 2-3 buckets of warm water.
The next day, the Earth must be braid to prevent the drying and formation of peel, as well as subsequent cracking. Wet soil can be covered with a layer of peat, using it as a mulch, which allows you to keep moisture for a long time. The seedling regularly watered in the first season, the adult tree is much less likely, but it is plentiful. Irrigate in spring, during flowering and in the period of fruit. Under each tree makes at least 30 liters of moisture. In autumn, to ensure successful wintering, each plant is watered with 8 water buckets.
The introduction of additional nutrients start from 4 years if the landing pit was filled according to agrotechnical requirements. Under the drain, 20-30 kg of manure, superphosphate, saltper, potassium salt. The extensive crown forces the garden owners to conduct forming trimming. For 2 years, some extra shoots are deleted, achieving good ventilation and access of sunlight. The stretched branches are shortened on one ring, achieving more compact, as far as possible, crowns. Anti-aging procedures are necessary for adult trees to extend the full development and duration of fruent. All branches older than 5 years are subject to trimming, giving way to seamlessness. Actively appearing young strokes need to be regularly deleted – for its development, it takes too much effort in plum.
Autumn preparation for the winter season provides several stages. Packers of trunks with a mixture of lime, copper sulfate, casein glue. The solution scares rodents and pests. Before whining, the bark is inspected and cleaned from lichen. Good additional, perhaps the basic measure of protection will be the use of a sailter or a special grid wrapped around the barrel to a height of 70-100 cm. The rolling circle is covered with a humus or a compost thick layer – at least 20 cm under an adult tree.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Practice has shown that honey is highly resistant to moniliosis, but the danger to it represents a holey spotty, rust, rotary fungi. From pests to the pear they are attempted – sawllers, notes, shield and weevil. Therefore, preventive processing insecticides and fungicides.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Honey is characterized as a plant with high winter hardiness and drought resistance.