- Authors: BUT. F. Kolesnikova, G. B. Zhdanova, T. BUT. Trofimova (All-Russian Research Institute of Breeding of Fruit Cultures)
- Appeared when crossed: Hungarian north x spark + Tambov prunes
- Year of assumptions: 2006
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Crown: spherical, raised, thick
- Tree height, m: 2.5
- Full size: Large
- The weight of the fetus, g: 34.4-40.5
- Form form: ovate-shaped
- Painting fruit: Green, covering burgundy-brown
See all the characteristics
Lovers of the drain always try to plant one or two favorite species in the countryside, which are not capricious in care, but annually give a good crop every year. This can be attributed to the late lime plum grade of the Bolcholka of the domestic selection.
History of removal
Plum Bolowchka appeared more than 30 years ago as a result of many years of work of a group of scientists of the All-Russian Research Institute of Breeding of Fruit Cultures (T. BUT. Trofimova, G. B. Zhdanova and A. F. Chariot). Over 20 years, culture passed varieties, and only in 2006 was introduced to the State Register of Selection Achievements of Russia. Parental Plum Forms are: Spark, Hungarian North and Tambov prunes. Recommended for the cultivation of a plum tree in the central and central black earth regions.
Description of varieties
Lovely Plum is a mid-grade tree with a spherical and raised crown shape. In favorable conditions, the tree grows to 2.5 meters in height. It is characterized by a highly thickened crown of light green foliage, gray and smooth trunk and branches, a powerful root system and generative kidneys formed on fruit twigs.
Flowers Tree from 10 to 12 May. During this period, the shag-like crown is thickly covered with large snow-white flowers, and in each inflorescence, 3 flower is formed.
Plum Bolowchka represents a class of large-scale species. On the tree wept fruit weighing from 34.4 to 40.5 grams. Drying is not a very neat form – egg-shaped with a rounded vertex. The surface of the fruit is smooth, shiny, a little coated with wax. Abdominal seam near the draining is noticeable. Ripe fruits are covered with a non-uniformly pale green color, diluted burgundy brown blush practically over the entire surface. Peel in fruit moderate density, not tough.
Application in the plum of universal – fresh, in cooking, canned and processed. The transportability of the fruit is good, and the size of the middle. Long can be stored fruits only at the appropriate temperature.
Excited tastes compensate not very attractive appearance. The yellowish pulp of the fetus has a gentle, fleshy and very juicy consistency. The sweetness prevails, harmoniously combined with spicy acid. Fruit juice is colorless, and the aroma is not very pronounced. An unruly bone inside the fetus is easily separated from the pulp. The meakty contains 7.4% of sugars and 18.3% acids.
Ripening and fruiting
Fruit culture starts on the 5th year after landing. Plum ripens late. The active phase of fruction falls at the end of August – the beginning of September. Fruit of plum stably – annually. The fruits are not at the same time, therefore the period of active ripening of the drain is somewhat stretched.
Bolkhovskaya has high yield rates. On average, with 1 hectare you can collect 119.9 centners of ripe drains. Products 160 c / ha can be achieved provided that all the rules of agrotechnology culture will be performed.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
Bolowchka is a self-visible plum variety, which, without donor trees, pollinated only 4-5% of flowers. Correct the situation with cross-pollination. Best donor trees are varieties with average blossoms, for example, a record and renklod collective farm. The work of bees can be effective at a distance of 40-50 meters.
Growing and care
The best season for planting a plum saplings of Bolowchka is considered spring – a week after a complete thawing of the soil. The distance between seedlings or other plantations should be at least 2.5-3 meters. The site should be chosen on a small hill with deep passage of groundwater so that the moisture is not formed, which can destroy the root tree of the tree.
Agrotechnology of fruit culture standard, but special attention to the care is worth paying the tree in the first year. Watering the plum is needed according to the scheme – after flowering, during the mass appearance of the strings and in the winter, if the autumn was arid. Fertilizers are made three times per season – spring (nitrogen-containing), after flowering (potash and organic feeding), at the time of autumn people (superphosphate mixtures). The formation of the krona of the Bolkovescale is carried out in the form of a bowl, which ensures simple care and sufficient ventilation. In addition, the tree will be needed by sanitary trimming of branches and thinning.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety is characterized by good resistance to crack-position and invasion of Tlim. Protecting from pasta, pulse dew and spotted preventive processing with special drugs. To warn the settlement of parasites will help the whitening of the trunk and branches – the first is carried out before flowering, and the second – late in the fall.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
The plot on which the plum tree under consideration will be comfortable to grow, should be solar protected from drafts and gusty winds. Optimal soils are fertile, breathable and neutral acidity. It can be loams, black soils or squeezing soils.
It is worth noting that the drain of the Bolcholka frost resistant, it easily tolerates heat, but it is uncomfortable to grow with prolonged shaders and excessive dampness.
Bolowchka – this is a frequent guest on farm plantations and summer cottages. Drain love to grow due to its unpretentious agrotechnology, rapid adaptation to the climatic characteristics of the region, stable yield and excellent taste. The minus of fruit culture is considered the need for regular trimming and thinning branches.