- Authors: WITH. T. Chizhov, S. NS. Potapov (FGBOU in RGAU Moscow Agricultural Academy. TO. BUT. Timiryazeva)
- Appeared when crossed: Tyoma X Forest Beauty
- Year of assumptions: 2000
- Mass of the fetus, g: 99-130
- Timing of ripening: Late September
- Purpose: Technical
- Type of growth: Memorial
- Transportability: High
- Marketability: Middle
- Crown: Spanish, in the young age of a funnel-shaped, in fruit-free – round-oval, medium density
See all the characteristics
Earlier, pears were grown exclusively in the southern regions, but today varieties are derived, capable of productively growing in zones with a cool climate. One of these is considered a late-seated pear variety called Otradnenskaya.
History of removal
Perecha Raddnenskaya is the creation of Russian breeders with. NS. Potapova and S. T. Chizhova (MSCH them. TO. BUT. Timiryazeva). It turned out a variety thanks to the crossing of two species – Forest beauty and theme. Fruit culture has been made to the State Register of Selection Achievements in 2000. Ryonated grade in the Central Black East, East Siberian and North-Western regions of the country. In addition, the pear is massively grown in the Moscow region.
Description of varieties
Otradnenskaya is a low strabid type tree, stretching in height up to 3-3.5 meters. The young village is endowed with a funnel shape of the crown, which over time turns into a rounded-oval. In the trees have increased thickening dark green foliage, straight and curved shoots of brown color, cone-shaped dark brown kidneys and flowers collected in a palate brush of 5-7 pieces. During the period of flowering (second half of May), the tree is not covered with very large snow-white flowers, pleasantly fragrant.
Pereddnenskaya pears belong to the group of middle-deep fruit. The mass of the fetus can range from 99 to 130 grams. Forms in fruit is oblong-rounded with a noticeable ribbon surface. Ripe fruit is covered with a yellowish green color, which is diluted with a blurred-red blush. Middle density fruit peel, with mattness and noticeable subcutaneous points. Orzheniness on the skin pears no.
It is characterized by good portability of transportation and long-term footage – up to 100-120 days when measuring the temperature of Zero degrees. Feature lies in the following: the longer the fruits are stored, the higher their taste. Appointment of fruit technical, more suitable for processing on jams, marmalady, mashed potatoes.
The taste of pear is good. White-cream pulp has an average density, delicate consistency with a small graininess, as well as sufficient juiciness. Balanced taste – sour-sweet with a weakly pronounced aroma.
Ripening and fruiting
Refers Fruit to the Late Class Class. Fruit Tree for 3-4th year after landing. Fruit fruit tree regularly. Tasting the first pears can be in early September. The phase of active fruiting falls in mid-September.
Moderate pear tree yield. With proper care and favorable conditions from one tree for the period of fruiting, you can remove up to 40 kg of ripe pears. In an industrial scale, the yield is as follows: 195 C fruit with 1 hectare.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
Perevoy Tree Otdnenskaya is partially self-free. On the site with this type of type it is necessary to plant donor trees that bloom at one time with a pear Otradnenskaya. The best pollinators for pear are the following varieties – Muscovite, marble, elegant Efimova.
Landing is possible in spring and autumn. In the spring, planting seedlings are recommended at the end of March – early April, when the soil and air are already prohibited. In the fall, planting a tree is held in 3 weeks before the first cold, since it is necessary to adapt the root system and wood as a whole. Planting better than two-year seedlings with a developed root system.
Growing and care
The pear view is absolutely unpretentious in care, but the plot and the ground should be chosen carefully. The site must be purified from weeds and other garbage, as well as in sufficient quantities to be lit by the solar rays. Good for planting pear seedlings is loose, light, breathable, fertile and low acidity soil.
Comprehensive fruit culture care includes standard measures: watering, fertilizer, assignment of a nearby circle, protection against viruses and pests, whitewashes of trunks, as well as sanitary trimming of branches and crown formation. In the regions with severe winters, it is recommended to protect the tree from the freezing, using the trunk winding and mulching.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety is highly resistant to many standard diseases, which are subject to fruit trees, in particular, to the pasche, mildew and fruit rot. Protect the tree from the invasions of fruit, ticks and blooms will help insecticide spraying.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Due to high stress resistance, the tree easily transfers extreme weather conditions, short drought and heat. In addition, the grade is winter-resistant.