- Authors: WITH. NS. Yakovlev, A. NS. Gribanovsky, N. AND. Savelyev, B. IN. Chivilev, E. N. Dzhigallo, All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants. AND. IN. Michurina
- Appeared when crossed: Talgar Beauty X Daughter Dawn
- Year of assumptions: 2004
- Mass of the fetus, g: 130
- Timing of ripening: Winter
- Duration of removal of fruits: in the second decade of September
- Type of growth: Memorial
- Yield: High
- Crown: spread, pyramidal, medium thick
- Epishers: Straight, Brown, Undermines, Medium Thickness, Naked, Little Litness
See all the characteristics
This culture is really a wonderland – the configuration resembles an apple, and according to quality characteristics is a magnificent pear with unforgettable taste properties.
History of removal
Wonderful refer to relatively young cultures. It was created in 2001 by the staff of the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants. AND. IN. Michurina Crossing Talgar Beauty and Durry Daughter. Group of scientists in the composition of. NS. Yakovleva, A. NS. Gribanovsky, N. AND. Savelyeva, B. IN. Chiviliev, E. N. Dzhigallo managed to create a productive winter plant specifically for the Central Black Earth region.
Description of varieties
Culture middle-term with pyramidal, medium and empty crowns. Smooth and straight shoots of small thickness, brownish and devoid of omens, grow straight. Lentichki small quantity.
Small leisure of green shades, egg-shaped configuration with slightly pointed tips, slightly separated around the edges. White Wheel Flowers, Pentlete, Grouped into Inflorescences.
By the type of fruiting culture mixed.
Of the advantages of the variety, we note:
high degree of yield;
Good level of resistance to diseases and pest attacks;
Long consumer dates.
need careful control over the crown state;
With the thickening of the pear crown, it becomes slightly smaller.
In the botanical sense, fruits are called apples, because they have a short-impaired, truncated conical configuration. Average mass – 130 g. Peeling in the process of reservoir pears of green shades, not very dense, with some degree of oiliness and wax coating. After aging – greenish-yellow, with pinkish tones. Low valve degree. Subcutaneous specks are clearly expressed. Consistency in the period of full-fledged aging of cream shades, a little oily, compacted, juicy, slightly granulated. Small fruits, cosos delivered, curved.
In the chemical station, fruits include: dry ingredients – 13.3%, sugars – 9.6%, titrated acids – 0.3%, ascorbins – 7.9 mg / 100g, P-active ingredients – 176.0 mg / 100g.
Eating fruits are usually carried out in the second half of September. In the cool storage of pears are stored without losing quality parameters up to 5 months.
According to taste properties, the fruits are acidic and sweet, there is no matter of tartness. Tasting score in points – 4.3.
Ripening and fruiting
In the timing of aging, the pear refers to winter cultures. Eating pears starts on the third week of September. Socializedness – the time of fruiting comes on 5-6 years of growth.
Frozing high – up to 132 c / ha.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
In view of fruction culture mixed.
CULTURE TOOLS TO THE LED PLACES, DISTANCE from other trees in 5-6 m. Groundwater should not be located closer than 2-2.5 m from the top edge of the soil. The method of landing seedlings is not much different from the order of landing of other similar crops. The principal difference in the spring and autumn landing is practically no. Landing recesses prepare 80-90 cm in width and 70 cm in depth. A wonderland does not adapt on clay soils, for this reason, it is relevant to identify the upper layers of fertile soils, as well as to track so that the lower layers do not contain clay inclusions. It is desirable to make sand additives and reworked manure, which allows you to improve the quality of the soil and its mechanical properties. Root necks of seedlings when disembarking should be located several centimeters above the ground level. Be sure to told annual seedlings.
The mulching process is required, since it allows you to maintain moisture, effectively prevents the growth of weeds.
Effective adapts annual or two-year-old young. In the heavily latitudes prefer to apply quince. Powerfully develop seedlings, whipped on pears. Choosing a tree with an open root system, we advise you to pick up plants with expressly pronounced rod roots – they develop more reliable and steadily.
Growing and care
Directly behind landing seedlings should clip them. Procurement is subject to the main conductor – up to 50-60 cm. Leave 3-4 lateral escapes growing in multidirectional, shorting them by 30% of length. In the future, in the process of trimming, form a longline crown.
Caring for the culture, pruning pay special attention, because the thickening of the crown is unacceptable – the fruits begin to be very fine.
Should not be ignored and blissful, which is carried out in the spring, and in the fall.
When feeding the landing yam by humus or minudging over the next few years, you will avoid the need to exercise additional feeding.
And mulching the rollerous space of trees with the help of humoring or freshly ached grass during the season, you can not be concerned with additional additives usually recommended macro and trace elements in the ground.
Culture has a powerful rod root system, she drought resistant. The irrigation of trees is especially relevant during their blooming and the emergence of fruits – each tree requires at least 30-40 liters of fluid. In autumn, after the eating harvest, do not forget about the moisture irrigation, which is carried out in about one month before the occurrence of cold pore.
Resistance to diseases and pests
A good degree of sustainability of culture has been tested by practice, of course, with the competent execution of the Rules of Agrozhode. The most dangerous for her malicious attacks of a pear median. Evidence of the execution of such attacks is the emergence of a bugs of a sage bending, which is detected when sticky discharges of pest larvae appears.
Effective prophylactic means here will be the treatment of trees using a kerosene-oil emulsion in the spring, in the period before the revelation of the kidneys. The recipe for the preparation of the mixture is simple: in the small amount of warm water we will be divorced by 40 g of the trampleholder, we add about 80 ml of kerosene, stirring, pour 10 liters of water, and spray trees, trying to cover the entire space of the crown.
Avgustal planting treatment with insecticides. During this period, the median prepares for wintering, and the impact of preventive agents significantly reduces the number of malicious insect. Most effective from such funds – “Aktara”, “Carbofos”, “Commander”. Using these funds, it is worth remembering that they are toxic.
Agrotechnical measures warning the spread of malicious organisms are the care of the bark (cracking of the cracks, the elimination of MCH and dead crust); Collection and elimination of fallen leaves and fruits.
It is important to remember about the seating of trees. Breakdown and defective branches are deleted. Slices process special boom. Culture is extremely sensitive to bacterial burns, which are transmitted through a contaminated inventory, so it should be easily thoroughly carrying out the disinfection of the secateurs before pruning.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Most experts characterize culture as highly resistant, but some gardeners-practitioners note that in its cultivation, several north of the recommended areas recorded the facts of the frozen of trees.