Pear Williams (Williams Summer, Duchess Summer)

  • Authors: Vieler (Berkshire, England)
  • Synonyms names: Williams Bon Chetien, English Pear, Bon-Coreyne, Bon-Coreyne Williams, Williamova, Danese, Bartlet
  • Year of assumptions: 1947
  • Mass of the fetus, g: 150-200 or more
  • Timing of ripening: Summer
  • Duration of removal of fruits: from the second decade of August
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Type of growth: weakly or average
  • Yield: High
  • Transportability: Good

See all the characteristics

Williams grade loved many gardeners due to unpretentiousness in care and cultivation. Even newcomers can achieve high yields and every season collect a large amount of delicious and healthy fruits. Fruits have a universal purpose and fit perfectly for the preparation of appetizing delicacies.

Description of varieties

Maximum trees height reaches 2.5 meters. Growth type – medium or westoration. Krone is formed from thick and powerful branches growing up. Form – pyramidal, a little rounded. Gustness – average. Soothes can be both arcuate and straight, covered with a small amount of leaning.

Foliage with a short tip shape resembles an egg. It is big and smooth, with light gloss. Light lateral veins are noticeable. Refrigerant – Silty. Middle Flowers are collected in inflorescences of 6-7 pieces. Color petals – white, with delicate cream tint.

Fruit characteristic

Middle Weight Pear Parts from 150 to 200 grams. Often you can find larger specimens. Shape – classic pear-shaped, slightly elongated. Dimensions are marked as large or above average. The main color of ripe fruit is yellow-gold. And also on the surface noticeable pink-scarlet coating color. On some fruits there is ventilance, expressed in the form of small spots.

Flesh melts when eating fresh. It is oily, fragrant and very juicy. Color – White With Yellow Tam. The peel is glossy and thin, so it does not cause discomfort when eating fresh. Inside a large number of small subcutaneous dots of gray. Grow pears on thick and slightly curved middle-length frozen. Fruits collected slightly misappropriate can be stored in the refrigerator to 45 days or up to 15 days in room conditions. Seed Color – Brown, Form – Oval. Sizes are small.

Taste qualities

The main taste of pears is sweet. It complements light sourness. Distinctive feature – a nutmeg aftertaste and aroma. Gastronomic harvest – at height. Tastors assigned a variety of 4.8 points out of 5 possible.

Ripening and fruiting

Mature pears begin to collect from the second decade of August. Duration of ripening falls for the summer. Spearness depends on the structure of the tree: grafted on a pear – fruit for 5 or 6 years, on IWE – for 3 or 4 years. Fruit trees every season without making a break.

Yield

High yield – another feature, thanks to which Villas grade got widespread. From one tree you can get from 69 to 230-250 kilograms of juicy pears. A variety of factors affect the yield, including care care, tree age and climate. When commercial cultivation from one hectare of the site can be collected up to 200 centners pears. Fruits have high marketability and medium transportability. When transporting a crop for long distances you need to collect a crop a little unworthy.

Landing

Before falling down trees, you need to choose the right place. The plot should be well lit by the sun, because in the shade trees grow slowly and begin to root. To the composition of the soil grade does not impose high requirements. The main thing is that the soil is fertile and moderately moistened. If there is groundwater on the plot, they must leak enough low to the roots do not start rotting.

It is better to immediately select a suitable location, as the trees do not tolerate the transplant process and are getting used to a new place for a long time. If the transplant is forced, you need to be ready for unpleasant consequences. Some seedlings may not survive transfer and die.

Experienced gardeners recommend choosing young plants aged from 1 to 2 years old. They are easiest to adapt on a new section. The height of seedlings should be from 1.3 to 1.5 meters. The length of the roots – 20-30 centimeters, and the number of branches – 3-5 pieces. They must be missing. For transplanting, trees are suitable with symptoms of diseases and pest trails. Separate attention is paid to roots. Broken and dried roots remove.

Landing spend in spring or autumn. The first option is more preferred, as the trees will have fully worryed before the onset of frosts, but in this case the seedlings may suffer from heat and different diseases. Choosing the autumn fit, you need to choose the time to choose. Before the onset of frosts should remain at least one month. Otherwise, the pear may not survive winter and suffer from low temperatures.

Depth of the landing pit – 80 centimeters, diameter – 60 centimeters. At the bottom of each well, the drainage of 10 centimeters is stacked. Suitable brick or clay. To prepare the planting substrate you need to mix the ground from the upper layers of the earth with superphosphate, humid and potassium sulfate.

In the pit you need to place a peg. Part of the land mixed with nutritional elements fall asleep in the well, and make up a slide. They put a seedling on it, and the roots neatly distribute along the edges. They should not be overtaken. Now you can shove the remaining soil. Earth carefully trambed and watered at the rate of 2-3 buckets on one tree. After the Earth is mounted, it can be mounted. Choose an organic product: straw, peat or sawdust.

Growing and care

The fruction and activity of the growth of VILIAMS varieties directly depend on the correctness of the care. Fruit trees need regular irrigation throughout the first 3 years after landing. Irrigate the garden 1 time per month or less, if raw and cloudy weather installed. It is important to prevent the drying circle drying.

Pears necessarily watered before the upcoming wintering or blooming. In the rainy season, watering is significantly reduced or completely refused them. In a sultry, irrigation is carried out using an increased amount of water.

When weighing plants, they need to be immediately removed along with the root. The soil around the trunk is loose, so that it remains light, and also without any problems passed water and oxygen. To cut watering, use mulch. It not only keeps the soil wet, but also does not give weeds to grow. And also this extra nutrition.

Fertilize pears about 3 times a year. High nitrogen substances are chosen in spring. On one tree, 150 grams of azophoski consume. With the onset of summer, go to a solution of a cowboat or mineral complex. When the time of year is replaced by autumn, superphosphate and potassium sulfate with dry form contribute to the ground. Fertilizers are injected after trimming a tree. And once every 3 years (in the fall) in the zone around the rolling circle is added by humus.

The pruning procedure is performed at the beginning of spring or in the fall. Young pears are trimmed in such a way that no more than 5 side branches remain (their height is about 50-60 centimeters). Every year they should be shortened by about 30-50 centimeters. Otherwise they will begin to branch and become too long.

In order for fruit trees without any problems, they fertilize them abundantly and conduct trimming. And also you need to remove all the fallen leaves, and cover the ground around the pear of mulch (layer thickness – 25-30 centimeters). The trunk can be wrapped with burlap or agrovolok.

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