Pear treasure

  • Authors: Moldovan Research Institute of Gardening, to. TO. Dushina
  • Appeared when crossed: Triumph Wienna x Olivier de Serr
  • Mass of the fetus, g: 200-300
  • Timing of ripening: Autumn
  • Duration of removal of fruits: at the beginning or mid-September
  • Purpose: Table
  • Type of growth: Sharply
  • Yield: High
  • Marketability: High
  • Height, M: 2-2.2

See all the characteristics

Sades and farmers growing fruit trees, try to pick up varieties with high yields and the most simple agricultural engineering. These species include a pear treasure treasure, popular in the southern regions.

History of removal

Pear treasure is the achievement of Moldovan breeders. The author of the species is to. TO. Dushina – representative of the Moldovan Research Institute of Gardening. The variety was derived by crossing two species of French selection – Olivier de Serr and Vienna Triumph.

Description of varieties

The treasure is a low-light tree, the height of which does not exceed 2-2.2 meters. The fruit tree is characterized by a wide-grained crown with hanging branches, a moderate thickening of large light green leaves, an extensive root system and peeling bark of a grayish shade. Branches forming a skeleton of wood grow at right angles. During flowering (first half of May), trees are covered with beautiful flowers, publishing a pleasant fragrance.

Fruit characteristic

Treasure is a large-rooted pear view. The middle mass of the fetus is 200-300 grams. Form Fruit Broadconic. Grown pear on the curved and shortened fruit. Ripe fruits are endowed with an unusual color – light yellow with greenish tinge and rusty spots. The surface of the fruit is characterized by light peep. Pears is dense, even fat. If you look at the surface of the pears you can detect subcutaneous points.

The peculiarity of the fruit is their good transportability and prolonged bleed – up to 3-4 months with the preservation of taste and commodity qualities. Purpose at the variety of table, so pears eat fresh, apply in cooking and recycle.

Taste qualities

The taste of pears is ignorant, even the name of the variety is evidenced by. White with yellow pulp is endowed with tenderness, fleshiness, oiliness and juiciness. In taste dominates saturated sweetness, complemented by sugar, which is diluted with pleasant sourness. There is no grain. The concentration of nutrients is under the skin of the fruit.

Ripening and fruiting

Pear treasure refers to the class of autumn varieties. Gives fruit tree for the 5-6th year after landing. Fruit at variety regular. Peak ripening fruit on a tree falls on the first half of September. You can take ripe pears until the beginning of October.

Yield

Indicators of yield directly depend on compliance with the rules of agricultural equipment and weather conditions. On average, one tree for the season gives about 40 kg of ripe fruit.

Regions growing

Grade Treasure perfectly proven itself, torn on the territory of Moldova and Ukraine. In Russia, the pear is massively grown in the southern regions. In addition, in recent years, the treasure has become grown in Belarus.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Pear needs pollinators. To do this, it is recommended to plant donor trees on the plot, the flowering period of which is completely coincided with the treasure variety. The best trees of pollinators are the following pears: conference, favorite Clapp, Plovdiv, Bere Mlievskaya, Williams, melting and decanka du.

Landing

Planting a saplings is better planned for early spring when the threat of night frosts remained behind. Sutting off the tree, it is necessary to observe the distance between seedlings – at least 3 meters between trees and buildings. For landing it is recommended to choose seedlings by age 1-2 years with a formed and hardened root system.

Growing and care

Pear noncaperbar in care, but very demanding to the soil and the place of growth. Suglinted soil or low acidity black soil is suitable for wood. The soil should be loose, lightweight, breathable, moisture-permeable and fertile. Plot should be abundantly lit by the sun.

Complex care consists of: regular irrigation (2-4 times a month), making feeding starting from the second year of growth, loosening of the soil of the nearby circle, sanitary trimming of branches twice a year, protection against pests and fungi. In addition, you should not forget about insulation events for the winter – Barrel winding and mulching.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Pears have strong immunity to major diseases and pests. The tree is practically not affected by a pair, well opposed fruit rot, brown spot, bacterial cancer and mildew. In addition, the tree is not afraid of the invasions of frozhork.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

The grade has medium stress resistance. It is able to transfer temperature differences, short droughts and a protracted heat, as a pear of thermal lodge. Does not like a tree of strong temperature drops, withstanding frosts up to 20-22 degrees, and shaders. In addition, the peculiarities of the structure of the root system make a tree lover of space.

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