- Authors: Pushkin I. BUT., Kalinina I. NS., Baykova G. N., Siberian Gardening Research Institute. M. BUT. Lisenavenko
- Appeared when crossed: Pear Ussuriya X Bere Bosc
- Year of assumptions: 1996
- Mass of the fetus, g: 75-100
- Timing of ripening: early Moscow
- Duration of removal of fruits: from late September
- Purpose: Universal
- Type of growth: Memorial
- Marketability: Good
- Height, M: five
See all the characteristics
Sort Svarog is the early-year variety that is distinguished by good frost resistance and abundant regular fruiting. Very popular variety of gardeners Siberia and Urals. Fruits use fresh, use for cooking compotes, jams, baking, sweets.
History of removal
Based on the basis of gardening Siberia them. M. BUT. Lisenagenko breeders I. BUT. Puccino, I. NS. Kalinina, G. N. Baikova. The variety was obtained when recovering the local winter-hardy pear of the Ussuri and French Bere Bosc. In the State Register introduced in 1996.
Description of varieties
The mid-grade tree with a height of up to 5 m with a compact rounded crown, the bark is a grayish brown has a tendency. The branches are slightly curved with a light arc reddish-brown color with the downsion of growth kidney. Leaves Little Spleasing-Oval Shape, Swirded At the end, Light green wrinkled slightly pubescent. Blooms in May. A thermal-loving variety: In the hot years, fruits are sweet, in rainy – watery and fresh.
Slightly less than the average size weighing 75-140 g, the shape resemble the fruits of Bergamot or completely rounded. During the period of removable maturity, the color of the light green, at the time of ripening yellow with a reddish blurry and blurred stripes, green dots appear under the skin. Meat juicy, gentle, oily. Skin little matte, thin. Large brown seeds. Pears have a good commodity and are perfectly transported. Stored at room temperature for 20-25 days, in a dry cold place – about 90 days.
Taste sweet, spicy, with barely catchy sourness, with light aroma. Sugar content – 9.5%. Vitamin C – 9.5 mg per 100 g. Tasting rating 4.5 from possible 5 points.
Ripening and fruiting
The first fruits begins to bring for 5-6 years. Ripen pears by mid-September, remove the harvest until the end of September. Consumer ripe occurs in early October, approximately 3 weeks after collecting. Fruits do not tend to crumble and rot on branches. With a very large yield, the sweetness of the fruit can decrease.
Fruption is regular, it is considered not very abundant: the young tree brings about 20 kg, but with high-quality care one adult tree can bring up to 150 kg.
Recommended for cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka region, Eastern and Western Siberia.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
It is considered partially a self-oriented view, but to obtain a good crop, it is recommended to plant varieties of pollinators: age-old, hound, zarechny, Kupava, fabulous.
For a pear tree, well-lit sections are chosen, located at a distance of at least 3 m from the buildings, with protection against wind and drafts. Suitable southeast, southern or western walls of buildings or hedges. It is advisable to plant a plant on a gentle hill. The lower part of the tree must be in a light half, so the roasting area will be protected from overheating.
Prefers nutritious soils with good drainage. Groundwater should be at a depth of 2-3 m from the surface. It is better to plant in the cold climate in April-May, when the soil warms up. In the southern regions recommend landing in the fall.
Two-year-old plants whose height does not exceed 70 cm, with intact roots and barrel. If the races on branches are found or 1-2 roots, the place of donom is cut and disinfect: the roots – wood ash, branches – garden borants. Roots before placement in the pit, fool into the chatter from the ground and clay on the basis of “heteroacexin”.
Pub for landing prepare for 3 weeks. Make it the size of 80×80 cm and the same depths, abundantly watered – 4-5 buckets of water, then poured onto the mixture of humus and garden land. In podzolic soil add wood or haired lime. The sapling is gently placed in the hole, the pegs are installed nearby, the soil poured in several parts, each subtitle. Root neck do not plunge. After landing, it is abundantly watered, mulched sawdust and peat. The next time watering is carried out after 14 days. In the first year after planting the plant needs watering every week.
Growing and care
The variety is demanding on the conditions of cultivation: does not like drying and overwhelming soil. For good fruiting, it is necessary to regularly moisten and feed. On poor soils with rare irrigation, the taste of fruits deteriorates. With regular irrigation, it grows well on any types of soil. Especially in need of moisture in the first half of summer, the fruits are formed and grow. In hot years, it is also necessary to abundantly moisturize, it is possible to sprinkle, or using specially grooves, diverted near the priority circle. Feed the pear with organic and phosphoric potassium compositions. Instead of mulch, you can use herbal turf.
Needs regular trimming for thinning thick crowns and lightening its inside. Remove extra branches in April. In the fall, it is recommended to carry out sanitary trimming, but only if necessary.
Tree in the Siberian climate should be cooked correctly to wintering: remove old and sick shoots, process the trunk and branches from the brush 5% urea solution, feed the potash-phosphoric fertilizers, dip. If the winter is a minor, the barrel is wrapped in a tale or rubberoid.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Sort Svarog distinguishes high immunity to a brummer and many fungal diseases. Bacteriosis is most dangerous among virus diseases: the leaves and the trunk change the color, the only way to get rid of the disease is to completely remove damaged areas. Frequently affected by frozhorca. As prevention, it is recommended to regularly clean the dead bark on branches and the trunk, set traps for insects. From the attack of Tly, they are treated with carboofos drugs, Roviikurt. In the invasion of the beetle, the affected leaves are removed and burned, the crown spray “Nitrafen”.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
A kind of distinguishes good winter hardiness: withstands temperatures up to -30 degrees, in harsh winters often freeze shoots, but it does not affect yields. In the area where winter temperatures are lowered below -40 to protect against freezing, the weld is vaccinated on the dotting of the Ussuri pear. Many young trees are covered with spruce sweets or agrovolock, adults – plunge and cover mulch area over roots. A variety is suitable for regions with cold winter and short cool summer, as well as for locality with cold winters and hot summer. With competent care, the culture grows perfectly on different types of soil.
Gardeners call pear Svarog Miracle for Siberia. It is noted that the grade is suitable even for those who cannot pay much attention to the carpet of the tree. Perfectly fertile in the harsh climate almost without other participation. Yield gives annually with any changes to the weather.