Pear Northerdska Krasnashkaya

  • Authors: Yakovlev S. NS., Gribanovsky A. NS., Ilyina Yu. TO. (FGBNU Federal Scientific Center. AND. IN. Michurina)
  • Appeared when crossed: Northerkhan x red
  • Year of assumptions: 2002
  • Mass of the fetus, g: 135
  • Timing of ripening: Summer
  • Duration of removal of fruits: Since mid-August
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Type of growth: Memorial
  • Transportability: Good
  • Marketability: High

See all the characteristics

Variety Northerdska Redeschy – this is a summer variety that brings a rich crop of small and delicious pears. Differs in frost resistance and strong immunity. Fruits use fresh, especially good to roll compotes and juices

History of removal

Received on the basis of the Federal Scientific Center. AND. IN. Michurina breeders S. NS. Yakovlev, A. NS. Gribanovsky, Yu. TO. Ilyina. Originated when crossing the varieties of Northerkhan and Redsch. The State Register is admitted to 2002.

Description of varieties

Wood average high height up to 6 m with thick pyramidal crown up to 4-6 m. Bark brown smooth. The leaves are medium oblong shapes pointed shiny and green, the edge of the sheet pil. White flowers are collected in inflorescences of 4-6 pieces, distinguished by high resistance to freezers. Flower early – in April-May. Tree life expectancy 40-60 years.

Fruit characteristic

Main, weighing 135 g, harmonious round shape. From the branches are removed with light yellow with a brown blush, when ripening become yellow with redneck. The flesh is a loose, gentle, fine-grained, very juicy. Skin smooth dense. Small brown seeds.

Taste qualities

Taste sweet, with sourness, aroma is very weak. Sugar content – 9.4%, vitamin C – 7 mg per 100 g. Rating during tasting 4.5 points out of 5.

Ripening and fruiting

Begins to bring 5 years after landing. Pears begin to ripen from mid-August. With a very abundant yield, the fruits weigh 60-80 g. Recommend to shoot a little earlier, since it is possible squeezing.

Yield

One tree can bring about 90 kg of fruits.

Regions growing

Recommend to plant in the Central Black Earth region, but promising to plant in the middle lane.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Differently partial self-sharpness. To increase fruiting, the varieties of pollinators are sitting nearby: Memory Yakovlev, Quiet Don, Kudesnitsa, Tatyana, Eeria.

Landing

The procedure is carried out early in spring before the start of the sludge or in the middle of the autumn. Spring planted when the earth warms up to 5-7 degrees of heat, and the temperature at night does not fall below +10. For this specification, the autumn landing is recommended. Spend it after the end of the leaf fall, 20-25 days before the onset of cold.

Saplings choose annual and two-year-old. The landing jam is digging the size of 80×80 cm and 1 m depth. Distance from other trees, including pollinators, not less than 6 m. On the bottom of the pit poured broken brick or rubble. A removal garden land is mixed with a humus and superphosphate, pour the hill in the pit.

The seedling is installed vertically, there is a peg of 20-25 cm nearby, they sprinkle evenly the ground in several techniques, compact. Make a radial trench and watered 3 buckets of water, loose and mulched, tie to the support.

Growing and care

A kind of unpretentious in care: needs a timely watering and regular cutting of the crown. Watered the method of sprinkling and under the root 2-3 times a week. An adult tree requires about 5 buckets of water, young – 3-4.

To obtain abundant harvest plants fertile. Spring make nitrogen compositions, but not more often 1 time in 3 years. During the formation of buds and barriers, phosphate fertilizers are fed during the growth of fruits – potash.

Culture needs regular trimming. Forming the crown begin for the second year after landing on a rarely-long type. Supporting trimming is carried out in spring and autumn, remove curves, damaged, growing inside the branch crown.

For the winter, the pear is abundant, and mulch the soil around the layer 10-15 cm. Young trees completely wrapped in a burlap, covered with a snapper.

Resistance to diseases and pests

It has a good immunity to a brishe and black cancer. Shows a good resistance to sepitoria, but in unfavorable years may be affected by this fungus. The fallen shoots are removed, the cut is lubricated with garden ward, palm leaves and cut branches are destroyed, the soil is drunk, conducting processing burglar liquid, urea, iron vitriol.

After the frozen can be affected by bacterial burn, antibiotics helps to cure the plant. Can be fruitful with fruit rot, use specialized fungicides for treatment.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

High winter hardiness – tolerate temperatures up to -30 degrees. When frosts, up to -40 freezes the above-ground part of the plant, and the root system is saved. Well adapts to different types of soil.

Review reviews

Among the advantages of gardeners are called: beautiful and delicious pears, which can be eaten in summer right from the branch, as well as cook delicious jams and jams from them. The disadvantage is considered to be a high growth of the tree – it makes it difficult for many seasonal care work – and the need to regularly cut a strongly overgrowing crown. Northerkhan Redschya is not suitable for small sites, as it takes a lot of space and requires a substitution of other varieties for pollination.

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