- Authors: NS. NS. Costyk, A. AND. Tereshchenkov, L. IN. Khachchelova, Selection Skniigips
- Appeared when crossed: Pollination of seedling kiffer mixture pollen (Forest beauty + Bere Ardanpon + Bere Bosc)
- Synonyms names: Nart
- Mass of the fetus, g: 270
- Timing of ripening: Earlynes
- Duration of removal of fruits: from late September
- Purpose: Table
- Type of growth: Memorial
- Yield: Middle
- Transportability: Good
See all the characteristics
Pear, NART for many years has been leading the leading position in the rating of popularity among similar cultures, both in amateur gardeners and professional farmers. These indicators are preserved not only due to the excellent taste qualities of fruits, but also due to the unpretentiousness of the variety, resistance to the most common diseases, stable fruiting, as well as the transportability of fruits and their long-term storage period.
History of removal
Mart Pear Grade (Nart) is the result of the painstaking work of breeders of the Research Institute of the North Caucasus District. The greatest activity was shown by such scientists as the crutch. NS., Tereshchenkova A. AND. and Khachchelova L. IN. Culture was obtained by polling the seedlings Kiffer in the following grades:
- Forest beauty;
- Bere Ardanpon;
- Bere Bosc.
Description of varieties
Pear grade NART refers to early species optimal for its growth are regions with a warm and mild climate. Despite the high trunk, the adult tree has an unguarded crown of a wide-brushed form. Bark trunk and branches painted in a light brown shade, and shoots have a rich brown color.
Practically horizontal branches have thick leafy, leaves are directed up. Dark green oval sheet plates are very large. The surface of the leaf is brilliant, the edges of the small grudge. Middle stuffed, thick, has a small lanceal stripper. Thick fruit, located in a small funnel, has an average size and a bit curved shape.
White colors of large size with a deeply planted wedge in the form of a bowl. Fruits in most cases appear on branched riders. Advantages:
- resistance to low temperatures and climatic fluctuations;
- immunity to viral diseases;
- the absence of a pause in fruiting;
- high taste indicators;
- rare crown;
- Frequent pest lesions.
This variety is characterized by large. The standard mass of fruits is 250-270 g. In favorable climatic conditions, the mass of fruit can reach 500 g. Ripe fruits have a diamond-pear-like proper form. Color range of ripe fruit varies from gently yellow to saturated yellow. Ripe fruits have reddish sides.
Distinctive feature of fruits – lack of ventilability. Fruits are very rarely covered with a brown mesh and practically not susceptible to cracking. Summage of average.
Fruits have a juicy pulp of a moderate hardness of a fine-grained structure with small granulations. Color Mountain – White-Yellow. Skin thick with glossy glitter. Subcutaneous points are very small and practically imperceptible. Chemical composition of fruit:
- Dry substances – 12.5%;
- sugar – 10.0%;
- Titrated acids – 0.13%;
- Ascorbic acid – 1.9 mg per 100 g.
Fruits have a long storage period that can last until the New Year holidays, as well as high product rates and good transportability.
This variety has a table of purpose and is distinguished by excellent flavoring indicators. The flesh is very juicy, sweet with small types of sourness. It should also be noted that fruits have a taste of a variety Kiffer.
Ripening and fruiting
A distinctive feature – early period of fruiting, which comes already for 3-4 years after landing, as well as regular formation of fruits.
Mass ripening of fruits falls at the end of September. Full ripening of fruits and a set of juits occur 10-14 days after the removal of fruits from the tree. High flavoring figures of fruits retain until January.
Medium yield – 340 c / ha.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
This pear grade belongs to self-visual, which are not capable of self-pollution. Best varieties of pollinators:
- Pass Crassan;
- Bere Ardanpon.
To obtain a strong plant, the saplings are better to plant in the fall in 1.5 months before the onset of cold. This period will be enough to rouding young shoots. If necessary, the transplant is permissible to spend early spring. The soil in the landing point should consist of the following components:
- fertile soil;
- Wood ash.
After planting young seedlings, they must be fixed to the vertical support. It is strictly forbidden to plunge root neck. After the root of the roots of the earth, the plant must be abundantly pouring and clinging the roasting zone.
Growing and care
Pear of varieties Nart refers to unpretentious plants, so does not require increased attention and special agrotechnical techniques. Plant care consists of the following events:
- Watering in accordance with weather conditions;
- loosening the roar zone;
- Formation of the crown;
- feeding organic and mineral fertilizers;
- protection against disease and pests;
- Preparation for the winter of young seedlings.