Pear Kokinskaya

  • Authors: BUT. BUT. Vysotsky, Kokinsky hydraulic station VSPP
  • Appeared when crossed: Popular x Cure
  • Synonyms names: Pyrus Communis Kokinskaya
  • Mass of the fetus, g: 105-205
  • Timing of ripening: early Moscow
  • Duration of removal of fruits: Since the beginning of September
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Type of growth: Memorial
  • Yield: High
  • Transportability: Good

See all the characteristics

The gardeners try to plant several varieties of the same culture on the household and summer cottages, so that in the summer-autumn season constantly collect vitamin fruit harvest. This also applies to pears who are early, secondary and late. The first ripe and juicy fruits appear on early varieties from the middle of the summer, and the autumn grade of the Kokinsky pear tree is grown for storage and canning.

History of removal

The hybrid variety Kokinskaya pears was derived by Russian breeders under the leadership of the scientist A. BUT. Vysotsky in experienced gardens of the Bryansk region. The new form of the middleweed seed crop occurred from crossing two grades: Pear Popular and French Cure.

Description of varieties

The hybrid pear grows up to 4 meters in height and refers to plants of medium height among related varieties. The pyramid shape of the crown reaches a width of up to 3 meters in diameter. The main branches are growing under the tilt of 45 degrees in relation to the trunk. Tree is covered with dark green leaves with an average degree of degree. Kokinskaya pear is a partially self-polished variety, with autumn maturation. Young trees early to come in the period of fruiting, and in adulthood the owners are pleased with large harres. The variety is distinguished by reliable disease resistance and reduced temperatures.

Fruit characteristic

Cokinsky grade gives the fruit of light green color, which with full aging becomes yellow, and from the sunny sides are marked with pale-red spots. On one tree, fruits may differ significantly in magnitude, and weight ranges from 120 to 200 grams. Sometimes there are especially large specimens, weighing 250 grams.

Taste qualities

As a dessert, pears are used in autumn and in the first half of winter. Slightly clamped in a cool place, the collected fruits become juicy, with a pleasant fragrant taste, without the patience characteristic of some varieties of culture. White sweetness, a little oily pulp is diluted with light sourness. Specialists noted by hypoallergenicity of hybrid fruits, which makes it possible to use them in the raw form to children from 6 months and people prone to unhealthy reactions to fruits and vegetables. Gorge Kokenskaya Pear also for the preparation of delicious canned food from freshly edged fruits.

Ripening and fruiting

The first significant crops from the pear tree grade Cynic gardeners are obtained for 3-5 years after planting seedlings. The tree is relatively rapidly developing and grows, which sometimes causes the appearance of cracks on the cortex. Flowers appear in May, and the kidneys are persisted even after the appearance of late frosts. Technical ripeness occurs at the end of August – early September, depending on the trees landing region. Warm and sunny summer can contribute to faster maturation.

Yield

Pear Kokinskaya begins to bring notable yields on average from the 4th year of growth in a permanent location. Gardeners note that a tree that brought abundant yields for 3-4 years in a row can then give smaller fruits. In successful years, from one tree can be collected about 80-100 kg of fruits. Pears are well stored for 2-3 months, which allows them to grow them for sale and transportation.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Since the hybrid grade Kokinsky pears is partially self-polished, the landing near him other related plants does not become mandatory. However, the yield increases slightly, if there are such additional pollinators in the garden, as the Bergamot Moscow or Belube Yakovlev.

Landing

Independent reproduction of the varietal pear in the garden is possible with cuttings, seeds and vaccination. When buying seedlings in nurseries, trading households with good reputation should be selected. Plants should be strong, with live, shiny bark and an elastic, developed root system. Two-year-old seedlings with a height of 70-90 cm are best suited for transplant. Planting young trees in open ground can be as fall and spring. Landing deadlines are determined by standard features suitable for many seed crops. In the southern regions of the Russian Federation, it is recommended to land seedlings in early autumn, when they can still root well before the onset of frosts.

In the north of the country, pears are planted from the middle of the spring season, when the average daily temperatures reaches 7-10 degrees of heat, and freezers are not observed at night.

After the owners of the garden sites come to breed the Kokenskaya pear, it is necessary to decide on the landing date and choose a suitable place. The autumn purchases of seedlings are preparing from summer, and to the spring – from autumn. Place allotted under pears, you need to swift well, remove large roots of shrubs and weeds. In loose soil you need to make organic and mineral fertilizers. In case of acidic soil reaction, you can add wood ashes, dolomite flour or lime.

The best soils for the cultivation of pear trees are the medium-domicular, turf, sabe and thin soils. Worse feel plants in sand or clay soils, poor fertile layers. Like many seeds, the pear grows poorly in lowlands and sick from close groundwater. Do not put young trees next to the bushes of sea buckthorn, with her splashing roots, as well as with old trees. If there is a low-rise building on the site, the best crops hybrid pear will be given when landing from the south side, closed with walls from the northern winds. Growing juniper or rowan, growing next to seedlings, can be a source of diseases and pests for the Sokino variety.

Growing and care

The process of growing hybrid middle-air pear is practically no different from the care of other seed trees. We must not forget that the moistened soil causes more diseases and cracking of the cortex than moderate and limited humidity. Pears are normally developing and growing with regular and proper circumcision of the crown. During seasonal work in the garden, ordinary events should be held, such as feeding fertilizers, loosening and mulching of the soil in the root zone and protection against frosts of young plants. In the first year after planting in the garden, young trees require regular watering in the amount of 20 liters of water under one plant 1 time per week. With arid summer, adult pears are abundantly watered 2-3 times a month. After each watering the roar of the roar, it is necessary to loosen and delete weeds.

In order to prevent and with mass lesions of plants, seasonal pests in the garden spray with traditional preparations, for example, 3% burgundy fluid mortar.

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: