Pear is just Maria

  • Authors: M. M. M. G., Yakimovich O. BUT., Alekseeva G. BUT. (RNPD Unitary Enterprise “Institute of Farment”)
  • Appeared when crossed: 6/89-100 x Oil Ro
  • Year of assumptions: 2013
  • Mass of the fetus, g: 180
  • Timing of ripening: Autumn
  • Duration of removal of fruits: The third decade of July – the second decade of August
  • Type of growth: Memorial
  • Yield: High
  • Marketability: High
  • Height, M: 3

See all the characteristics

Universal love enjoys a dessert pear just Maria. Her fruits have sweetness and wonderful aroma, are able to be stored for a long time, while maintaining a commodity view, a juiciness and taste. The purpose of the fruit is universal – in fresh use, in desserts, in confectionery. Of these, great jams are boiled, jam, jam.

History of removal

Authorship in the removal of a magnificent variety belongs to the breeders of the Belarusian RDPD unitary enterprise “Institute of Farliament” – Molik M. G., Yakimovich O. BUT., Alekseeva G. BUT. Just Maria appeared as a result of crossing 6/89-100 and oil ro. For use, the variety is admitted in 2013.

Description of varieties

The average (3 m) wood with a wide-grade crown of medium thickness and a diameter of 2.3-3.5 m, covered with dark green leaves of medium size. Sheet plate has an oblong shape, slightly folded along the central vein, has a short-terrible end.

Validity of the variety:

  • dessert taste;
  • strong immunity;
  • regular fruiting;
  • high commodity qualities;
  • excellent transportability;
  • duration of storage and frost resistance;
  • SPRAINTY – by 3 or 4 years after eyulization in the nursery.

Of the disadvantages you can only be called conditional – demanding to the place of landing, the intolerance to the neighborhood with wetlands or proximity to groundwater, as well as the need for pollinators.

Pear flowers white flowers with yellowish residences on petals. The fruits are tied up on simple or complex rockets and second-year copiers, are attached to the curved medium-sized fruit.

Fruit characteristic

Middle-sized pearphoid fruits (180 g) at the stage of technical and physiological ripeness are painted in the light yellow color of pleasant shades, with a slightly covered brummy of gentle pink color, which gives them an emergency appeal. Orzheniness is not observed.

Taste qualities

The middle-proper flesh of gentle cream shades has a delicate oily small-grained structure with a large amount of juice. Sweet taste with light sourness is emphasized by thin, but obviously tangible pear aroma.

Compound:

  • sugar – 8.15%;
  • Vitamin C – 3.1%;
  • Titrated Acids – 0.1%.

Fruits are covered with fine smooth skin with a shiny surface and numerous subcutaneous points of green color, well released on a lighter background. Evaluation of the tasting commission – 4.8 points out of 5 possible, fantasticity up to 5 months in a cool room.

Ripening and fruiting

SPRING (fruiting comes for 3-4 years) Sorts just Maria refers to the autumn category of pears on ripening – the harvest is removed at the end of July and until mid-August. Consumer maturity fruits achieve in October-November. Pear is distinguished by regular fruiting.

Yield

If in the first couple of years after the occurrence of fruiting, the pear gives a limited number of fruits, then from adult wood removes up to 40 kg and up to 72 centners with 1 hectare of delicious, juicy and fragrant fruits.

Regions growing

Culture is adapted for the climate of the central regions, such as Moscow and the Moscow region, Ryazan, Belgorod, Voronezh district, as well as Kursk, Orlovsky, Smolensky, Tambov, Tula, Ivanovsky, Bryansk, Vladimirsky, Kostroma regions.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Just Maria refers to partially samopidal varieties, but if not to plant a variety of pollinators with the same blossoms, then a stable and good harvest can not be expected. These include the memory of Yakovleva, Dushes, Kosy.

Landing

For landing of pears, just Maria choose a sunny place with protection from cold wind and strong drafts. The soil may be neutral, but preference should be given to fertile land, with good breathability. If the selected place is located on the depleted soil, nothing terrible, they will simply have to make nutrients anymore.

Special attention should be paid to the proximity of groundwater sitting – close neighborhood can destroy the root system. The strongly illuminated soil must be deoxidized by dolomite or bone flour.

Landing Pits are preparing for about 2 weeks before landing. The pit is digging 70×70 cm, a layer of drainage from pebbles, a crushed stone of a shallow and medium fraction, a broken brick and T. D. For pear suits ground with low-rise or neutral acidity. The landing jam is preferably prepared in advance: if the seedling buy in the fall, the pit is preparing in the spring. Suitable diameter and depth of well – about 70 cm. Remove the Earth enriched with an organica (humus, bird litter, compost), special fertilizers. After that, the soil falls asleep in the pit with a pre-installed peg, form a hollyk, covered with polyethylene and leave in this form until the seedling landing.

When landing the roots of the plant neatly distributed over the entire surface of the holloch, fall asleep, watching the root neck remains on the surface. The priority circle is well compacted, around organized by the earthen hillok with the purpose of detention of moisture. At the final stage, a seedling is watered with 20-30 liters of estimated warm water. The next day, the surface of the earth should be filled with a layer of mulch – this reception will not allow drying, soil cracking, germination of weeds.

Growing and care

In the first 2 years, the village needs regular irrigation, in subsequent years, additional irrigation is carried out only during drought period. Especially important moisture during flowering and bootonization, as well as the appearance of uncess. In addition, abundant watering in late autumn will help the tree to move the winter period.

In the fall, the addition of organics – manure, humus, bird litter, compost can be poured into a rolling circle as a mulch, you can use the people method, without damaging the roots. In the spring, the plant needs nitrogen that stimulates the growing vegetative mass, during flowering, the pear is fed by complex fertilizers with the necessary set of macro-, microelements and minerals.

The formation of the crown starts from the third after the landing. Do not forget about sanitary trimming. Removal of old, patients, damaged shoots – the process is mandatory, stimulating effective fruiting.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Pear has high resistance to diseases such as a passage, septoriasis, spotty, fungal lesions and beaches of gardens – bacterial cancer. Nevertheless, the tree can seriously suffer from pests:

  • aphid;
  • OSS;
  • birds.

Special garden grids saved from the latter. From all the rest, preventive processing insecticides.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

The variety is characterized as a frost-resistant, capable of withstanding temperature drops to -32 ºC. If the frostbite branches happens, the plant can quickly restore the damage incurred, and does it in one summer period.

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