Pear dessert Rossoshanskaya

  • Authors: G. D. Nonprofit, A. M. Ulyanishchev (Rossoshanskaya Zonal Experienced Gardening Station)
  • Appeared when crossed: Bere Winter Michurina X Forest Beauty
  • Year of assumptions: 1965
  • Mass of the fetus, g: 160
  • Timing of ripening: Autumn
  • Duration of removal of fruits: beginning of September
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Type of growth: medium- or stronger
  • Yield: High
  • Transportability: High

See all the characteristics

There are few varieties of pears common in private sites that can be found in retail outlets. Pear dessert Rossoshanskaya just from such – the fragrant and sweet fruit enjoys the love of consumers, not sealing on the shelves and becomes a welcome guest in farms and in country territories. Fruits use for consumption in the fresh form, for cooking jam, jams, in confectionery dishes.

History of removal

Originators of the variety are g. D. Nonprofit, A. M. Ulyanischeva, breeders of the Rossoshan zonal pilot station of gardening. Culture has appeared as a result of crossing grades of Bere Winter Michurina and Forest Beauty. Registration in the state market of selection achievements occurred in 1965.

Description of varieties

The mid-grade tree has a wide-grained crown consisting of inclined vertically directed branches. Straight shoots covered with light brown weakly-minded bark. The sheet plate of the average size of the oval shape is folded up and rented on the medium alive down, the top is slightly twisted.

Pros:

  • unpretentious;

  • frost resistance;

  • High yield;

  • Socialistribution (5-6 year);

  • strong immunity, excellent taste;

  • Good marketability, transportability, storage duration.

Minuses:

  • impossibility of self-pollution;

  • need to thin the crown.

The grade blooms in small (3 cm) with white flowers, slightly terry, collected in umbrella inflorescences. Fruits are formed on the second-year anniversary.

Fruit characteristic

Mass of short-imaginary or appo-shaped fruits 160 g, aligned shape, in the squeezing of pears have a light yellow main color and pink cover in the form of a brush from one side. White or cream flesh is covered with thin gentle skin with subcutaneous dots of green and gray colors. Fruits are attached to a durable curved medium sized fruit.

Taste qualities

The fruits are sweet, with dessert taste, the content of chemicals:

  • Pectin – 0.40%;

  • sugar – 10.2%;

  • Dry substances – 14.8%;

  • Titrated acids – 0.08%;

  • Ascorbic acid – 10.0 mg / 100g.

Testers highly appreciate the taste of pear dessert Rossoshanskaya – from 4 to 5 points out of 5 possible, appearance 4.5 points.

Ripening and fruiting

Pear belongs to autumn varieties, harvest timing – beginning of September. Consumer period – 78 days, fruiting regular.

Yield

The grade gives high yield rates – on average up to 70 kilograms from a tree.

Regions growing

Dessert Rossoshanskaya adapted for the Central, Central Black Earth and North Caucasus Regions.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Despite the fact that the dessert Rossoshanskaya is considered partially samopidal, for obtaining steadily high yields nearby, varieties of pollinators are needed with the same blossoms. These include Rogneda, Northerkhan, Autumn Yakovleva, Marble, Chizhovskaya, Tatiana, Otradnenskaya and others.

Landing

Specialists advise to transfer seedlings for permanent place in spring, when ahead of the summer period – the village will have enough time to adapt and build the root system. South regions of the country can land in the southern regions of the country.

For landing, chosen solar places with protection from cold winds and strong drafts. The variety reacts poorly even on partial shading that you need to consider when choosing a plot. The unpretentiousness of the dessert Rossoshanskaya allows its cultivation on depleted soils, but a full fertile soil gives a significant advantage in the development of the plant and the future fruiting. Close-up of groundwater should be avoided, the pit must have a drainage layer and a support for tapping a fragile stem for first time.

The pit itself is preparing for approximately 2 weeks before landing. The soil is enriched with organichea (humus, compost, bird litter), complex mineral fertilizers. During the transplant, the roots neatly straighten over the surface of the earthlings, fall asleep the earth, carefully following the root neck to remain over the surface. The soil in the rolling circle is compacted, form an earth roller for moisture detention and watered 20-30 liters of water. The next day, the priority circle is desirable to climb. It will help keep moisture and will not allow land cracking.

Growing and care

Further departure lies in timely irrigation, making nutrients, weeding, loosening the rich circle, as well as in preventive sanitary activities and thinning the crown.

Watering for high-year seedlings has a considerable importance, it is necessary to do it regularly (1-2 times a week), otherwise the gentle roots will die, but in the rain period there will be enough natural irrigation. Layer mulch 10 cm will help keep moisture in the soil. Young plants need mandatory protection for the winter.

As for feeding, the organic is best to make 1 time in 2 years in the fall under the poppopk. In nitrogen fertilizers, the plant needs early in spring, in the period of extension of green mass. At the stage of tying and growing fruits, extractive feeders bromine are important – 15 grams of 10 liters of water. The trimming of old, sick and unnecessary shoots is obligatory, it is carried out in early spring, when they are clearly visible not survived the winter branches, extra processes, and wipes are also removed.

Rejuvenating procedures prolong the timing of active fruction of pear. To do this, remove part of the central barrel and skeletal branches, processing all the sections of the Garden Wara. After 2 years, some more skeletal and semi-honeycomb shoots are cut. Then at the end of the summer season, the biggest branches are flexing to the trunk and fix them, and the most powerful leave. Fully this event takes from 2 to 3 years.

Preparation for harsh winter conditions begins with the protection of the trunk from rodents. In the trees it is desirable to whitewashing the trunks and a part of the lower branches with a mixture of lime, copper sulfate, powder clay at the rate of 2×0,3×1 kg, respectively. Young plants can be covered with a wooden frame, on top of which to lay a napnik and fix them on top of nonwoven agropol.

It is interesting! Most of the varieties of pears are quite capricious, while Rowan – no. That is why rowan can be used as a flow and get fruit with a unique taste – less sweet, but with the presence of light rowan tartness.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Despite the excellent health and strong immunity, the brief resistance, the variety can affect the sepitoria and pests. It is desirable to carry out preventive processing insecticides and fungicides.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

In areas intended for the cultivation, the pear has a well tolerate winter, but closer to the cold zones of risky agriculture, its frost resistance is noticeably reduced, for example, in the north of the Voronezh region and in Orel.

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