- Authors: WITH. NS. Yakovlev, All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants. AND. IN. Michurina
- Appeared when crossed: Blank’s daughter x Williams red
- Mass of the fetus, g: 200
- Timing of ripening: Summer
- Duration of removal of fruits: in mid-August
- Purpose: table, compatination of compotes, cooking jam
- Yield: Middle
- Transportability: Excellent
- Marketability: High
- Height, M: five
See all the characteristics
Choosing a pear view for landing on the household plot, summer houses prefer summer varieties with appetizing fruits. This can be attributed to the summer table pear Carmen, the most fertile as possible during growth in the middle lane of Russia.
History of removal
This pear grade brought a group of domestic scientists-breeders of the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plant. AND. IN. Michurina in 1992. To create a variety crossed two types – Williams Red and daughter forms. In the State Register, the fruit culture has not yet contributed, because it takes tests. It is recommended to grow a pear in different climatic zones, but the variety is popular so far only in the Central Black Earth region.
Description of varieties
Carmen is a fast-growing tree whose height does not exceed 5 m. The fruit tree is characterized by a narrow-moisture and compact crown with a medium overallity of greenish-reddish leaves with severe glitter, strong branches, separating from the trunk under an acute angle, and brown-brown color of the cortex. Kidney pear conical shape grow, pressing to run. The life of the fruit tree Carmen is 25-50 years.
Pear Carmen refers to the category of middle-procked. Ensuring proper care of the tree, you can grow pears weighing 200 grams. Fruit shape is correct, short-impaired. Ripe fruits attract attention to an unusual color – at the stage of removable maturity, pears are covered with burgundy color, and in a state of consumer ripeness – brownish-red. Fetal Peel Dry, Middle Density, Light Glitter and Roughness. On the surface of the fetus, the subcutaneous points of the light color are clearly expressed. Hold the fruits on thickened and short fruits, not shuffling.
Pears with ease tolerate transportation, as well as capable of stored in the correct conditions up to 100 days. The appointment of fruits is universal – they are eaten fresh, used in cooking, processed on compotes, marmalands, jams, and also preserved slices.
Fruit flavor. Creamato-white flesh, meaty, alumina, moderately dense and enough juicy. The taste is sour-sweet without the slightest tartness. Fragrance in fruit is not pronounced, but very pleasant.
Ripening and fruiting
Belong pear for summer varieties. Gives a crop fruit tree for the 5th year after landing. Culture fruiting regular. Tasting the first juicy pears in mid-August. The peak of the fruction of the tree falls on the second half of August – the beginning of September.
Characterized by varieties average yields. Proper agrotechnics and favorable weather conditions are a guarantee of good crop. On average, from one tree for a period of fruiting, up to 30 kg of sweet and juicy fruits can be removed.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
Pear partially self-free, so it is possible to increase the yield, planting the donor trees on one site, observing alternation. The best trees of pollinators, whose flowering timing coincide with Carmen pear, are considered: conference and Williams Summer.
Planting a pear seedling can be held in spring and in the fall. For the spring landing, it is better to choose the end of April – the beginning of May, when the air and the ground are good devbit. Planning the planting of the tree in the fall, it is better to do this at the end of October – for 3 weeks to possible freezers. Since the tree is compact, then keep big distances no need. On 1 hectare you can accommodate more than 1000 seedlings.
Growing and care
The fruit tree does not require special and complex care, but productively grows only on high-quality soils. Plot It is recommended to choose clean, smooth, well lit and not shaded by buildings or fences. Soil Tree loved drainaged, fertilous, moisture and breathable. Experienced summer residents recommend landing of pears in black earth, ferrous-podzolic or loamy soil. In addition, it is worth paying attention to the depth of underground water, as the tree does not like excess and moisture.
Caring for the fruit culture consists of a number of events: watering, feeding, sanitary trimming of branches, crown formation, warming for winter (mulching and winding), protection against rodents, as well as prevention of viruses and insect invasions.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The immunity of the tree allows you to withstand a number of diseases, in particular, the paschers and septoriasis. From the pear tick, color and frozing can protect the processing with special drugs – insecticides. In addition, the pear is very attracted by mice and hares, protect the trunk from which it is possible to apply coniferous branches.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Pear quickly adapts to the climatic peculiarities of the growth region and temperature differences. Frost resistance at the variety moderate, however, a short drought, heat and shadensity, the tree transfers fine.
Pear Carmen takes popularity among dacities living in the middle lane of Russia. This is due to the fact that the tree quickly gets used to climate and soil, gives abundant yields and is easily transported. Many owners bribe the incredibly taste qualities of fruits, as well as their universal purpose.