Cultural plants often precipitate pests and different diseases, gooseberries – no exception. In this article, we give a description of the diseases common for the gooseberry and parasites, as well as tell about the chemical ways of combating them and effective folk remedies.
Diseases and their treatment
Puffy Rosa is a common fungal disease that is often striking and gooseberry. The most active disease is developing in conditions of high humidity of air masses and water deficiency. It is possible to determine the presence of the shrub of this disease according to the following signs: on the berries of the gooseberry is formed white raids, resembling the type of cobweb or mold. This is exactly what the first stage of fungal disease looks like – it is necessary to stop it here, in the future to treat the shrub will be more difficult. Next, the disease will progress: white raids will be changed to brown crust, the amazed shoots will be twisted and deformed, after which it is to die, the sheets will turn yellow, roll and break, and the fruits themselves will crack and fall, and not dose. If you ignore the disease, then there is a risk of losing not only rich harvest, but also the plant itself.
In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, it is important at the end of the season, in the fall, get rid of the old foliage, it often winter mushroom disputes often winter, and eliminate weed plants, which, as a rule, are infected carriers. If the plant failed to protect, and it has become infected, then in this case it is necessary to deal with the disease. This is recommended to resort to the use of specialized drugs. Among them especially allocate fungicidal funds. So, you can make a plant “phytoosporin” or “alianin”.
However, note that before applying a drug, you must carefully read the instructions that is usually located right on the package.
Another gooseberry disease, which is activated mostly rainy summer, in about the middle of the season. For him, the following symptoms are characterized: the leaves begin to be covered in small dark stains with tuber. Gradually, these stains increase in size and merge with each other. As a result, the sore foliage begins to dry, after which it falls. At the same time, the lower leaves fall apart. The disease also affects the yield – it decreases sharply, and the shrub itself almost ceases to grow and develop.
Save the shrub of the gooseberry from the anthracnose contamination can be. To do this, the plant must be sprayed with “nitrafen” or a copper vigorous concentration of 1%. Note that it is necessary to dissolve the kidneys. To spray at the same time, not only the plant itself, but also the soil around it. There is another means of struggle that helps to get rid of the spore fungus. So, you can pour boiling water shrubs. Do it need it in early spring, before the awakening of the kidneys.
Do not be afraid that you bring harm to plants: during watering the water temperature drops to +70. It will destroy the fungus, but will be absolutely harmless to the plant.
This is another disease characteristic of the currant and gooseberry, as these are related berry shrubs. Septorize has the following symptoms: the leaves of the plant begin to be covered with brownish spots, which have rounded, and sometimes angry shape. Over time, such specks become bright, but dark barking remains around them. Further, the stains may form and on the fruit of the gooseberry. If the disease does not stop on time, then the foliage of the shrub will begin to be.
To prevent the occurrence of this disease, the plant must be treated with “nitrafen” or copper vigorous. Do it need it early in the spring, when the kidneys should not be blossoming yet. If the berry shrub is already sick, then in this case the plant must be treated with fungicidal drugs. A colloidal sulfur or one-threaded solution of burgundy fluid can also help in combating septoriasis.
Mosaic is more cunning in comparison with the rest of the viral disease, since it is not amenable to treatment. Recognize this disease is easy: the leaves of the gooseberry begin to shut up, and the yellow spots formed on the shrub, many resemble the divorces. With the development of the disease, the leaves begin to fire, frowned, and the shrub himself ceases to grow and develop.
To infected the shrub mosaic can from malicious insects, in particular, from twil or tick. And therefore the first thing you can do is to prevent the gooseberry infection, it is regularly eliminated by pests on the plot, as well as get rid of weed plants that are often their carriers. In addition, to prevent the occurrence of mosaic, it is recommended to carefully check the seedlings that you acquire for the landing: they should not be suspicious or weak. As mentioned above, treatment does not succumb. Therefore, if it still occurred, the shrub is needed to correct and destroy urgently, in order to prevent infection of healthy plants.
Such a disease, as a columnar rust, occurs at the gooseberry not so often. As a rule, it affects a berry shrub only if trees such as cedar or pine grow near the site. This disease has the following series of symptoms: leaflets, flowers and busty shrubs are covered with small spots of yellowish color. On the lower parts of the sheets, as a rule, reddish growths appear.
Do not confuse this disease with a grooved rust – this disease has similar symptoms, but the plant is infected in most of them from the source, which grows nearby. Symptoms characteristic of this disease are as follows: on the gooseberry appear pillows of reddish. You can fight these two types of rust, methods for both diseases are the same. So, the shrub must be treated with fungicidal agents.
It is necessary to do it several times: the first to dissolve the foliage, the second – when the boutons will arise, the third – after flowering. If the disease has been launched, it is recommended to carry out treatment in the fourth time.
Gray rot – fungal disease, which often has a gooseberry bushes. Provokes the disease of fungus. First of all, the disease attacks the lower branches, because of which they start rotting and berries. Subsequently berries begin to be. On the leaves of the gooseberry is formed slippery raids, crop cloth rot. Note that this fungal disease progresses with a huge speed, and therefore it is not necessary to launch it, otherwise there is a risk of losing not only the harvest, but also the bush itself in general.
To provide a plant protection against sulfur rot and prevent its occurrence, it is necessary to comply with the rules of agrotechnology, namely: prevent the rise in landings, otherwise the air circulation will be bad, watering it timely, apply feeding. And it is also recommended to get rid of parasites – from weevil and caterpillars that are spreading fungus. If the plant is still ill, then the patients of it must be eliminated and burning so that the disease does not move to healthy shrubs, the bush itself will then need to carefully process.
Pest and fight against them
Malicious insects often hit gooseberry shrubs. At the same time, they not only eat a bush, but often and infecting with fungal diseases, which also does not like the state of plants. So, The most frequent guest on the gooseberry bush is a flax butterfly. The butterfly is inexperienced: she has brownish wings that do not differ external beauty. By themselves, the butterflies do not carry any harm, but their caterpillars are very harmful. Butterfly caterpillars, they have greenish or yellow-green color and black head. It is because of them, the leaves of the gooseberry are combined – caught worms. You can deal with this parasite using the infusion of ash cooked at home, as well as chemicals, such as, for example, Aktara or Aktellik.
The same methods can be struggling with larvae of malicious insects, like a saw film or spin. These parasites are also eating the foliage of the gooseberry, hit the shoots, and also harm fruits and flowers, actively discrepaying their inner parts. You can also use a tobacco-based agent against them: it will require 0.4 kilograms of the main component and 10 liters of water. All this should stand 48 hours, after which the mixture is bred again in the bucket of water. Processing it plants need several times with periodicity per week. Another parasite, which is often found on a berry shrub, is Glass caterpillars. Special harm they apply exactly the shoots of the plant, feeding their core.
To prevent these parasites prevent the occurrence of these parasites, you must first of all understand with the pest butterflies that they are fruit.
You can get rid of this parasite in spring, even before flowering. For this It is necessary to eliminate all areas of the plants that were amazed, after which plants spray the plants with a special means “Sumition”.
Another frequent guest on the garden where the gooseberry grows, it is Gallians. This pest is laying eggs into young sheets. Subsequently, the hatched larvae begin very actively to hit the sheets, squandering holes in them. It is recommended to deal with these parasites with chemicals.
Often affects the bushes of the gooseberry and tick. On the shrub, this parasite settles in the period of early spring, with the place of residence, he chooses the lower side of the sheet plate, which will soon be covered by a web. The tick is actively powered by shrub juices, which affects its condition: the plant begins to weaken, its leaves begin to shut up, and then die. Frame with this pest inorganic fungicidal means, as well as with a solution of colloidal sulfur.
It is worth saying about the means that perfectly copes with many listed pests. In particular, with those who are sadly experiencing wintering and are activated for the next season. It suits both against parasites and against fungi. This tool can be prepared independently, it is prepared on the basis of calcined soda: you need to mix 50 grams of means and 10 liters of water. After that, it can be used for processing. Can be treated with this means of plants for prevention. It is possible to use it during fruiting, because it is absolutely non-toxic.
Preventive measures will help get rid of many problems related to cultural plants, or to prevent them in time. The very first thing to do – Periodically inspect the plants for the presence of diseases or pests. It is especially closely necessary to do in June – it is this month that many parasites begin to awaken, because it becomes warm.
Well take care of plants. Provide them a timely watering, in time make feeding and fertilizer, eliminate laying plants. And after harvesting, it is mandatory to get rid of the old foliage, because the parasites and their larvae often winter, as well as fungal disputes. Periodically arrange preventive handling of shrubs. It is necessary to do this even if the parasites or symptoms of disease is not observed.
Do not allow the landings thickening, because it interferes with the circulation of air, because of which favorable conditions are created for the development of fungi. It is also worth saying about plants that are grown in a greenhouse: to keep them in good condition, the room must be regularly ventilated.
Do not forget about the disinfection of the garden inventory. Often it is with its help disputes of harmful fungi.