- Authors: TO. NS. Skuin, E. N. Gubin, MSHA. TO. BUT. Timiryazev
- Purpose: Universal
- Berry color: White
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Frost resistance, ° C: -thirty
- Weight bunchy, g: 220 – 330
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: Middle density
- Appeared when crossed: Amur from Komsomolsk x Pearls Saba
See all the characteristics
One of the favorite grapes of gardeners – Moscow white, unpretentious in leaving and adapted to any climatic conditions. For this, it is especially valued by grapes.
History of removal
Popular white grapes were taken as the basis for the removal of Moscow White: Amur from Komsomolsk and Pearls Saba. Grape grapes are withdrawn by breeders. N. Rubin and K. NS. Skuin in msha them. TO. Timiryazev.
Moscow white is grown everywhere. Especially popular at the gardeners of the middle strip.
Grape bush grows up to 1.5 meters. Pyagonal leaves of large and medium sized, in the bottom of the sheet weak lowland.
Moscow white refers to the early universal variety. Ripening period lasts about 4 months. Already in August you can enjoy juicy fruits. In industry are not grown, and in the personal household this variety there are no equal.
Cylindroconic brush shape or conical. Density – average. Breaky weight – 220-330 grams.
Grapes has a light green shade. As it matures, it gradually changes to light yellow. Round or slightly oval berries of medium sized, inside are 2-4 bones. One berry weighs 3-4 grams.
Under dense skin hides a juicy sweet pulp with small sourness. This variety was highly evaluated during tasting: fresh berries – 8.0 points, juice – 8.3 points. Sugarity – 18%, acidity – only 9.0 g / l.
Moscow white is considered average yield. One bush with proper care is able to bring up to 6 kg of harvest.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
To care for grapes will be easier if you put it close to the walls of the house from the south side. Good option – Locking bushes in the place protected from the northern winds.
Usually the landing is carried out at the end of May. Need acidic soil, a strong peat is introduced before boarding the ground.
Moscow white prefers the soup soil, rocky and rubble, too, are suitable.
The landing pit must have a depth of at least 60 cm, the gap between the plants must be left 1.5 meters.
If the soil is heavy, it is recommended to put drainage on the bottom of the landing pit: a layer of rubble up to 20 cm, a layer of row with grass.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Moscow white has a hay flower. In additional pollination does not need.
Conduct crop, leaving no more than 4-8 eyes. Regularly in the summer we have unnecessary shoots so that there is no thickening, and leave the leaves for better access of sunlight to the fruits.
After planting seedlings watered weekly 1 time during the whole season. In hot weather, watering watering every other day. The following year watered 1 time every week only in dry weather. Can not be allowed water.
The soil must be moistened by half the meter. Watering alternate with feeding. Adult plants do not watered. Permanent loosening is necessary to access the oxygen to the roots. For better saving moisture soil around the bush cover mulch.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
So that Moscow white actively develops, and the bushes were strong, feeding:
- With the onset of spring feather mineral fertilizers;
- In the summer – ammonium Selitra (you need to have time to do it until ripening the covers);
- Magnesium needed to increase disease resilience as an extraxanist feeding.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Moscow white is able to withstand frosts up to -30 ° C without shelter. But experienced grapes are still advised to cover grapes with cloth. It will protect the plant from excessive moisture and the harmful effects of frost.
Diseases and pests
Grapes has a medium resistance to diseases and pests. There is a danger of fungal diseases at a temperature of + 27 ° C. Therefore, preventive measures are needed, daily inspection of bushes.
It is required to conduct timely treatment of affected areas and soil around Moscow white special means. Amazed fruits and leaves remove.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Ripe clouds are not recommended for a long time to leave on the bushes. For this reason, young shoots will not win for a long time, and the first weak frost will damage them.
Gardeners who grow Moscow white, talk about abundant harvest. Breakdi large, berries delicious. Excellent frost resistance. Loves timely watering and pruning. From the grapes of this variety it turns out delicious juice and fragrant wine with a pleasant taste.