- Appeared when crossed: Rolled Mikado x Unknown Tomato
- Synonyms names: Mikado Black, Mikado Chernyi
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 100-105
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for closed soil, for greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: up to 200
See all the characteristics
Every year, with the onset of spring, the summer houses are proceeding with garden troubles. An important stage is the choice of suitable vegetable varieties capable of resistant to withstand weather whims and diseases. Special attention deserves Tomato Mikado Black, which is already quite a long time popular among consumers, because it is distinguished by an unusual color and a delicious taste.
Description of varieties
Plant of incomeerminant type, strabr, tall, reaching in height 200 cm. Despite the fact that bushes are quite strong and compact, they must be tied up and form in several stems. Saving durable and thick. The leaves resemble more potato, they are huge, wide, solid or semi-silent, dark green color.
The main qualities of fruits
Fruits at the variety are large, the mass of one reaches 250-320 g. The form they have a flat-core, can be small ribs near the fruit. Color of ripe tomatoes unusual – from burgundy pink to burgundy brown, near the fruit color brown-green. The flesh is dense and juicy, dark red shade.
Mikado black is considered an excellent salad tomato. The taste of fruits is sweet with pleasant sourness, with an unusual fruit aftertaste. The flesh of ripe tomatoes is very fragrant, gentle, sahary, fleshy and juicy. Appointment in cooking extensive. It is best to use fresh, but you can recycle juice, tomato paste or ketchup.
Ripening and fruiting
It is considered an early variety. From the first germs to technical ripeness takes 100-105 days. The harvest period is stretched from July to September.
Variety Indicators at variety Middle. In terms of competent care from one square meter, 14-17 kg of fruits are obtained. On one brush, 5-7 pieces of tomatoes are formed. The assembled crop lies badly (2-5 days), therefore, on an industrial scale, Mikado black is not grown, since when transporting the tomato loses its turn.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeds begin to germinate 90 days before landing in the soil. Optimal time for this event – the end of February – the first numbers of March. For cold regions, it is permissible to start sowing in early April.
If there is no confidence that the manufacturer has not previously prepared the seeds or they were acquired from the hands, then before entering the crop, the planting material should be displaced and treated with the drug to stimulate growth.
Next in the nutritional soil, the holes are made with a depth of 1.5 cm, the seeds are deepened and the earth is carefully falling asleep, slightly compacted. Seedlings can be used separate peat cups, containers or greenhouse.
In order for the seeds together, a certain temperature is required – + 23-25 degrees. Watering moderate but not abundant. After the appearance of germs, they must be left in the fresh air every day, first for 5-10 minutes, increasing time to several hours.
After the appearance at the seedlings of full 2-3 leaves, it is dive. At the permanent place, the seedlings begin to transfer in mid-May – early June, as soon as the flower tassel will begin to form.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Due to the fact that the plant is large, the distance between the bushes is 60 x 50 cm. On one square meter there are no more than 4 pieces. So plants will not interfere with each other in the course of growth, the main thing is to avoid excessive thicance. For this, the formation is carried out.
Growing and care
Tomato Mikado Black prefers fertile, weakly acidic and drum soils. The best predecessors for him are onions and carrots. It is categorically impossible to plant a culture after potatoes, cabbage, pepper and eggplant. Since they have common pathogens and pests.
Get to the landing need in the evening or in cloudy weather. A shallow pit is done, where the seedlock is accurately placed, the roots are sprinkled, they will be trambed and abundantly. To facilitate culture a period of adaptation and speed up the process of rooting, seedlings can be covered with a film for several weeks.
In the adaptation time, seedlings require moderate watering, as the soil drying. After irrigation, abundant, not less than 3 times a week. For lower moisture loss apply mulching. Mikado black for good development requires additional nutrition in the form of mineral and organic fertilizers, which are brought 1 time in 2 weeks.
The tall plant needs a mandatory support for the support, best of all the tenary option. If you ignore this procedure, then the stalks will begin to step on the ground, and this can lead to rotten fruits.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety has good resistant to most of the infectious diseases and pests. However, the plant has a low resistance to brown spot and it often affects a white. Special preparations are used to combat them, which are treated by tomato before flowing.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus