Almost every furniture site you can see a shrub of black currant. Sometimes inexperienced gardeners allow the development of a bush on a self-shot, without understanding that for the proper formation of shrub and obtaining a good crop of currants in need of timely pruning.
The need for procedure
Many cultural plants, which include black currants, need to be properly forming a bush and timely pruning. Such actions are needed so that the appearance of the shrub has a normal aesthetic appearance and benefit.
Crimping black currant contributes:
- an increase in the amount of harvest;
- an increase in the taste of berries;
- improving the commercial type and size of fruits;
- active growth of young shoots;
- getting rid of the excess thickening of bushes;
- free penetration of sunlight to berries, this moment is very important during the maturation of the currant;
- preventing many fungal diseases;
- an increase in the period of fruiting;
- simplifying procedures for the prevention of infectious diseases;
- easy to get rid of insects and pests;
- rapid restoration after winter cold weather;
- extending the life of shrub.
There are several ways of currant currant:
When carrying out a haircut, you must adhere to certain rules that are suitable for all species of currant.
- Cuts should be smooth. This will help prevent infectious diseases.
- Sections are necessary process with special antiseptic solutions, who are easy to prepare themselves.
- Trim Escape is necessary to light wood.
- When removing shoots, the height of the height should not exceed 3-4 cm, Otherwise there will be a risk of fungal diseases.
The goal of the rejuvenating trim is to exempt the shrub from dead and old processes. The procedure is carried out 5 years after the first vegetative shrub period on a specific scheme. Every year several strong and strong shoots are selected, which will replace dried and old branches. In the fall, all shoots are removed, except for those that were selected for further growth.
If young branches are not enough, then only very old. If old branches are removed completely, the method “on the ring” is applied, that is, the shoots are trimmed at the reason. Location cuts need to be disinfected.
The main task of the forming trim is the formation of the crown of the plant. It helps berries evenly accommodate all over the area of culture. This method is a good growth stimulator with young, recently formed shoots, helps to get rid of excess branches. Remove mostly unnecessary shoots from the shrub center.
Optimal Form for Currant – Bowl. The purpose of sanitary trimming is to protect the shrub from infectious diseases and various pests. This method is performed according to a single scheme for all cultural varieties. This procedure is recommended to be carried out regularly – remove all damaged insects and dried branches.
This is what is removed in this way of trimming.
- Stems damaged by kidney tick.
- Branches with leaves covered by foreign figures and dark spots. This signals that the bush was attacked by soil or fungal infections.
- Stems hit by a paustic tick. You can recognize them by the presence of a web.
- Branches affected by glass. Cropped such shoots to a bright part of the stem.
- Broken and deformed processes.
- Parts of the bush covered with moss and lichen.
- All spoiled and dried shoots.
How to trim?
Usually trimming is carried out in autumn and spring, such a way allows the shrub to recover. Crimping scheme will vary slightly.
The main goal of the spring haircut – Remove dried and damaged currant branches, that is, to carry out sanitary trimming. This will help the plant prepare for the season of fruiting.
Causes of spring trimming.
- Remove crowded, deformed, patients, dried and damaged branches.
- Stimulate the growth of young shoots.
- Strengthen the immunity of shrub to diseases.
- Deleted shoots that have reached age in one year.
Autumn haircut pursues the goal to get rid of the branches that thicken the shrub. For normal growth, young shoots need good lighting and aircraft. On five-year-old currant bushes it is recommended to leave no more than 7 strong formed branches, their age should not be under 4 years old. Trimming spending from the top layer of soil. All stems over the age of 6 are subject to mandatory removal. All young shoots of the current year are also subject to mandatory removal. It is recommended to leave them only in the case of too old bush when his fruiting deteriorates sharply.
Side shutters of the two past seasons also go on trimming, thereby improving the passability of air and light to the shrub center. The tops of the branches are left for the formation of the kidneys, which will continue to grow into fruitless shoots. Affected by insects and infectious diseases of the tops of shoots to be deleted. To multiply black currants, young processes are pressed against the ground and put on a layer of soil 10-15 cm. Saplings need regular watering, and spring will give young shoots. Then they are separated and transplanted for further growth.
Formation of currant bushes start immediately after landing. This year, culture needs very deep trimming. Under the after-sitting haircut assumed to trim all branches. From the ground leave no more than three kidneys. Weak shoots are strung stronger than the strongest branches. The trimming of the second year implies the preservation of no more than 7 strong, strong branches, everything else is removed. In the third vegetation period it is recommended to leave only zero shoots. Their number should not exceed 5 branches. They cut into two kidneys to induce a bush to branch. Non-obsess and very long shoots are shortened, everyone else is fully subject to cutting. Observing these recommendations, by the end of the third growing season, the bush is considered to be fully formed.
Pruning adult bushes suggests sanitary, rejuvenating and supporting trimming.
During the sanitary haircut, the currant is freed from non-invalid, broken, dry, amazed pests and diseases, intertwined and deformed branches. Lying or inclined processes also advise remove. The bush is much worse fruits on branches with such criteria. On them berries are noticeably minor and more often amazed by various diseases. It is necessary to adhere to a very important rule: the stalks are shortened so that the hemp seems to be visible. Otherwise, they will become an excellent refuge and reproduction site for insects and pests. The presence on the branches of through either brown and black dots says that the bush suffered from winter frosts or amazed by glass. Such branches are better cut completely.
Next compensation trimming. First of all, the removal is five year old and three year old branches to give impetus to the development of side shoots. This is done only if the formed bush has no less than 7 branches. All annual shoots are trimmed at 1/3. The latter is carried out by a thinning or supporting trimming. Implies the procedure for the removal of unnecessary shoots that thicken the crown and do not give on the necessary deadlines to sing berries. An adult busist is recommended to have no more than 18 shoots, moreover, they should be formed in the last three years.
In pruning need and old launched copies of black currant. In the event that the age of the bush reached 15 years, then leave it meaningless, good crop will not get it. Such shrubs are better to emerge and replace new. Younger plants are subject to rejuvenation and need a thinning trimming. Launched and old bushes are rejuvenated gradually, on time from two to four years. Every year more than half of the branches should not be removed.
In very rare cases, currant shrubs are cut completely to the earth itself. After such a procedure, the plant needs careful care and constant feeding.
Selectioners developed several unusual ways to trim the black-core shrub. Pruning for novice gardeners In the end of the season, the removal of all shoots, which for the growing season not increased more than 15 centimeters. Lazy cropping intends to always raise young currants. For this, the bush is conventionally divided into two parts. One of them is completely removed, the second is left unchanged.
The next year, the shoots from the untouched part are removed. Such bushes give a good harvest and high-quality berries, but require more thorough agrotechnical care. Enjoying a success stramb method for growing currant. Behind the currant formed in this way, it is easier to care and collect berries. The greater disadvantage of such formation is the rapid wilt currant.
After the pruning procedure, black currants need feeding. Optimal is considered to be the spring introduction of complex fertilizers, which contain phosphorus and potassium. Fertilizers that in their composition contain nitrogen, also useful in spring. In the autumn you can make urea or chloride potassium.
Humid waste of animals will be useful both in spring and autumn. It is for this reason to neglect them is not worth any season.