Growing fruit trees – including a plum – from seeds does not represent much difficulty. In the middle lane of Russia and in the southern regions, any frost-resistant varieties will germinate. Being a zoned – adapted to the local climate – they are able to grow and without much care in Chernozem, but additional measures will speed up the growth of the tree.
Features of the procedure
Plum germination from bone – the most “natural” process, which emerged at the dawn of prehistoric times. Exceptionally seeds are breeding almost all the wild flora – gifted and coated plants, giving the seeds in the summer and autumn together with the fruits. Before the appearance of people vegetative (cuttings, grains, vaccinations, pieces of roots), plants breeding weakly. In the simplest case, the yellow or lilac blue plum grown from the sprouted in the same spring bone can well live to the state of an adult tree, only the fruits of her will clean badly (part of the fetal pulp sticks to the bone) will be small and unnecessarily scusted. The best option is still a graft tree – the trunk of the “Dick”, germinated just from the bone, serves aside for the branches of other varieties of plum.
If you still do not want to spend a few hundred or up to a thousand rubles – at the prices of 2021 – for each “aligned” seedling, and they intend to stretch plum sprouts from the bones, then all these seedlings will grow to the age of sustainable fruiting only after about 6 years. The resulting fruits, even being sufficiently sweet, will rise only on compote or directly in food, t. To. Clean them from the bone (on prunes) or prepare from them without a bone jam, and it is impossible to put on baking. Plum fruits whose seedling is grown from a bone without “indulgence” by vaccination leave to desire better. Such trees will be useful only to people pursuing other purposes:
- preparation of drinks from the fruits of such plums;
- creation of improving climate and ecology on the plot of green plantings, as well as landscaping of urban areas;
- Obtaining a source of nectar for bees living in the ulle, during flowering, and t. D.
You can grow sick out of the bone. Accelerate this process is possible timely departure for a growing sapling – fertilize the land every year, watering the tree on the optimal schedule and T. D., produce an annual trimming.
If the cleaner is planned in the conditions of many years of permanent, then provide a bulk to a large layer (above 1 m) heated soil. Earth, thawing in the summer only on the bayonet shovel, does not suit any other trees, at least many species will not survive when the root is in the petrose from the frost soil. To fruit families, childbirth, cultural (echultural) species and subspecies, this is fully. Often in the northern houses, fruit trees are grown in a heated room, in which the temperature in the winter never falls below +1, when “overboard” at the same time may be -50 or even lower temperatures. Barrels or bits with bridal black mills are used for landing. It should be created artificial illumination (days there are short, t. To. The sun is low above the horizon), as well as place indoor landings on the south side.
Maybe drift, and the fruits clear from the bones will be quite easy. But in most cases, the pulp will grow into each bone, and they will have to eat either, having welded from them by jam, filtering it from the bones after cooking. That’s why Gardeners prefer “grafted” seedlings, and not “naked” seedlings.
What kind of grade to choose?
At home, you can grow a plum of bone in almost any region – even in the territory of the Taiga. However, the most frost-resistant varieties are needed – red and black, as well as some Chinese, for example, Manchur. Saplings and adult trees of plums of these varieties – the most frost-resistant. It is recommended to search for a zoned grade of the closest (if seedlings are not bred in your region) of the country’s subjects.
A common source material for the bone is the varietal yellow plum, not afraid of frost. Sproving bone, it is often found in roadside and field forest belts: a person may not enter this forest belt to decades – in order to care for trees.
The proper preparation depends on how successful your decision will be. It is important not to get a plum, the use of which in food causes additional difficulties, for example, cleaning.
Collection of material
Choose a plum fruit variety in the market, which are just easily cleaned from the bones. Any variety distinguished by a sweet taste and aroma will suit as an ideal biomaterial. After you eat the fruits, bones and use the seed. Do not take a variety with a hard-working bone – the chances of germ to plum with a loose-free bone here are zero.
If the germination of the fruiting trees is not made in a school on the plot, but in pots or a tub at home, then with the help of forceps for splitting nuts, the bone is neatly broken down. Do not damage the kernel, otherwise it will not germinate. Place the core of the split bones in the coarse 10 or more layers of gauze – on a plate or saucer. Periodically, pour crude outstanding water, but do not pour bones whole – they must be constantly moistened. The kernels recessed in the water are swollen – but will not be sprout, and die: the water displaces from the space where they lie, the air. The fact is that the “awakened” seeds there is breathing – as well as in the living roots, stalks and leaves of an adult plant. The germination of sprouts from the dismantled kernels of the bone is the fastest way, additionally accelerated, for example, with the help of the growth activator “Korninen”.
Be prepared to take a chance: some of the bones, just planted on the site, can be stolen by mice – in the autumn, looking for the place of wintering, they dig out of the ground everything that can be sprinkled, recycled, one way or another to use in food for their survival. It is recommended to burn out the shovel fenced from them – better in the form of a small greenhouse, in which rodents will get much more difficult.
Experienced gardeners, creating a greenhouse or a greenhouse, in the ground around it they are paving the veil – a metal grid on a depth of 90 cm to protect this construction and seedlings in it from the subpire of mice and rats from below. Cell (square) mesh should be with a side of no more than 5 mm.
How to land in the container?
Do not save on the capacity of the container. The more roomy it turns out to be – it is desirable to use the old-leaving pan or even a bucket – the more space will be at the plant. In a small pot – up to 1 l – you do not get a seedling with a half-meter high and more. In the north, growing plum in indoor or greenhouse conditions, use barrel or a couple in which holes are drilled. Its volume is 100-200 liters, and as raw materials – bridal black mill, t. To. Gray podzolic soil in the taiga zone either the soil present in the conditions of the bells of the tundra is not suitable: both in fact, and in another case a lot.
Seedlings plant root down, but not vice versa. If planted just the opposite, then the stalk will need considerable time – up to a month to turn around and germinate up, break into the light. The root in this case will not be quite correct, winding, resembling a rhizome weed or bush that complicates nutrition and transplanting a growing seedling.
If the earth is in front of the house or in the cottage section, it is not easy before landing, it is recommended to open well before landing, to jump to the depth to the depth of at least in one and a half bayonet shovel. Sand soil – fastened sands – no fertilizer without fertilizer. Clay should be mixed with sand and peat before fertilizer. Planning seedlings for a permanent place is recommended only when the shoots sprouted from the bone and the branches taken are well rooted and welcomed.
If the stalks did not win, the transplant will cause significant difficulties: with a large probability of the plant will plant. So that this does not happen more correctly cut the capacity from two sides, raw comes to remove with a saplth. Lower the land along with a saplress in a pre-dugout in the size of the well, then carefully segue the place around the plant. Pour the seedlock with a weak solution (10 g on the water bucket) “Korninner”. The remaining watering sessions are already carried out flowing or resistant (raw) water.
The seedling should be raised by the land so that the entire underground part, including the apparent roots, was below the soil level.
Growing plum saplings from bone (or seeds) die on even novice gardeners. Conditions under which the seedling is growing rapidly and will turn in a few years to a full-fledged adult tree, just a few. It will take fertilizer to potash and phosphorus-containing fertilizers. Wood ash and coal are also suitable from mineral. Do not use a glass from the burned plastics, rubber, other synthetics. Ashes from used natural wool and silk, an old hb can be used – this is a completely natural material similar to the wood (cellulose) in composition. If there is no possibility to buy a ready-made organic fertilizer, then a disturbed (at least 3 years) bird litter and dulling of livestock, as a last resort – disturbed human, doggy and cat waste, as well as legend fruit and vegetable cleaning, dried and disturbed fertile, executed weed.
From all this organic, it turns out as a result of the compost compost. Remember that the gardener and diligent owner, the garbage gardener does not happen – any organic care is to be recycled, but provided that the owner itself and his pets did not use drugs, did not eat semi-finished products, and the person did not use alcohol and did not smoke, led 100% healthy lifestyle. If this requirement is broken, then waste is unsafe: foreign substances will fall into the plant, in its fruit and further – again in the body of the owner of the site.
Regularly water the saplings. Signal to the watering of plums – like any other tree – will serve the leaf-fired leaves, but it is better to prevent. Optimal mode – solid watering every few days.
In the summer heat seedlings you need to water every day, adult trees – from several years – once a few days: the Earth dries rapidly, and the moisture remains only at the level of deeper roots.
To water less often, jump regularly, slide the ground – the rolling circle – near each tree. Ideally, his diameter should coincide with the diameter of the crown. The next day, when the soil snack and no longer resembles dirt, it is easy to loosen. In general, if there are no rains for several weeks, trees are watered in winter at least once a month and a half, when the temperature remains a plus for a long time. During freezing, including night, watering is excluded – the extincting ground may quell the roots, and the plant will die. Skilled Earth will facilitate watering, further growth of a seedling and adult tree.
For any tree, including a seedling, required Regular trimming. Dead branches are cut off regardless of the time of year – to a living place, and the cut itself is covered with garden booth, paraffin or wax, this pruning is called sanitary. Forming trimming is performed in early spring or late in autumn – when the foliage has not yet appeared, the kidneys are closed, or she has already shielded, and the leaf fall has stopped. The main stem is cut in a few years – if the crop has no value for you, it can not touch it, then the tree will grow freely by 10 or more meters, creating a shadow and coolness on the site. However, the side branches are needed.
If you do not want the tree to create a thicket around yourself, then Delete side (child) processes, sprouted next to a common root tree. Non-dimensional tree grows randomly – except lateral processes, it gives randomly located sprout sprouts from fallen overripe fruit. Plum reproduction occurs as if under wildlife conditions, without person. As a result, the plot will be launched.
Do not save on water. If a pumping well is present on the site, and accounting on the counter is not conducted, then the volume of stamped water does not matter when it is started for the needs of useful vegetation. It is recommended using the drain to provide rainwater waste, which rolls off the roof of the house, to the site, and not throw it away: the abundant and maximum watering is hardly hurt, t. To. The rainwater “Live” plumbing, after it is able to take even the plants.