How to use Lupine as a Siderate?

The use of sewages for the health of the soil and saturation of the Earth with the nutrients got a lot of distribution for a long time. Despite the fact that cultures with similar properties there is quite a lot, still Lupine is especially allocated among them with their exceptional properties – it is not pickying in care and is able to grow on any in the group. On the peculiarities of the application of Lupine as an effective Siderate we will tell in our review.

Benefit

Research data conducted by agriored scientists has confirmed that The scarlet of green fertilizers in the soil in its nutritional value for the landing substrateNot at all inferior to the usual making of organic substances, such as compost, manure, as well as a korolayan and bird litter. Not to mention the complex minerals. Moreover, in some cases, the Siderates in their performance are even superior to the popular manure in gilders, thereby saving the owners of the land plot from excessive costs of time and effort on its purchase and its further composting.

So, biohumus, which is obtained from green fragments of garden lupine, can replace 50 g of carbamide or 5 kg of manure from the calculation to one mongrel meter of plantations.

We can safely say that Lupine landing is one of the most efficient methods for changing the composition and structure of the Earth for the better. In addition, Lupine and itself has A lot of useful properties that also benefit the soil. So, the roots of the Siderate are quite powerful – they are literally dissolving deep monohydrophosphates, making them more accessible to garden plants. In addition, on its long and branched root system, annual lupine is perfectly breaking even the most compacted soil and actively saturates it with nitrogen.

It is believed that Lupine is a truly optimal seed culture for those substrates that are poor on nutritious trace elements or have increased acidity parameters, as well as for sandy soils – that is, empty and too loose. The annual lupine alkaloids present in the biomass immediately after its people and overload in the ground, let it not be so actively and quickly as I would like, nevertheless still contributes to some deoxidation of the soil, and with long-term cultivation of the soil, even alkaline parameters acquires.

The same substances – alkaloids that are present in Lupine in the excess volume, can neutralize the activity of the wire – one of the most dangerous insect pests of garden plants.

Due to the fact that immediately after the rest of this culture, the green mass is in full closer to the ground, As it turns it, it turns into a high-quality green fertilizer, and thus enriches the land with nitrogen. Therefore, on the landing sites where Lupine is grown, after the use of the Siderate, the harvest increases many times.

It is important that due to the active growth of annual lupine, the necessary effect can be achieved every month after it landing. If adding to this the fact that culture almost does not need to be careful, it turns out that this fertilizer is truly convenient for those gardeners and gardeners who do not have the opportunity to work on their homestead.

For which soils and plants fit?

Lupine is able to saturate the soil nitrogen from the calculation of 20 g / kV. M Substrate. In addition to nitrogen, he able to distinguish such nutrients such as potassium, phosphorus, as well as the organic – This makes it an ideal predecessor for plants such as cereal cultures, strawberries, strawberries, as well as potatoes. Experienced gardeners note that Siderats can significantly increase the crop of tomatoes, bell pepper, cucumbers, as well as gooseberries, cherries, currant and drain.

Lupine is absolutely not demanded of the characteristics of the soil, although still a peatman and too heavy luggy lands will not be the best choice.

Same It is poorly growing on the lands with the acidic structure of the soil. If you are going to plant a plant on such a plot, then in late April-First Decade of May, it is necessary to make a little sulfur in the ground under the stroke (5-10 g per square meter).

Immediately before landing, the soil should be loosen and remove all the remnants of rhizomes and weed herbs. No nitrogen-containing drugs to enter or immediately after it do not need.

Lupine varieties like Siderate

Lupine can be Annual and perennial. If you intend to plant it exclusively as a ciderat, then it should be applied by its annual species – it is precisely in their composition that contains a sufficient amount of alkaloids, the action of which contributes to the suppression of harmful microorganisms.

Lupine white

This variety has the ability to self-pollination. Siderate landed necessarily on a lit part, open for sunlight, since Lupine white refers to thermal-loving plants. The height of some varieties reaches 2 m. At the end of flowering, a fruit is formed in the form of bob, each of them contains from 3 to 6 seeds of white cubic shape.

If you constantly plant lupine white, then the soil will be worked out and trapped useful trace elements.

Nagalized Lupine

Such culture also has the ability to self-oxygen. The height of the stem comes up to 1.5 m, the flowers are painted with gentle shades of white, light pink, as well as lilac or blue.

The planting material is usually barrel or rounded shape, marble pattern is expressed on the shell of seedlings.

This variety of Lupins do not need special attention during care. The plant is not afraid of short-term frosts.

Lupine of this type is characterized High speed growth. Quite quickly increases the powerful root system. Branched rhizome penetrates into the ground for 1-2 m, so the plant is all necessary for its development. Plant takes from low-ranned soil layers, without affecting the upper, so the garden land remains an unnecessary.

Yellow Lupine

This culture is different Pollination of cross-type. The stem can grow to 1-1.5 m, the inflorescence of the cooles, painted in pale orange or yellow color. Each bob contains 5 beige seeds.

Yellow Lupine belongs to thermal-loving cultures. In order for the seedlings to sprout, it is important for it that the average daily air temperature stopped at 13-15 degrees, although short-term freezing to -5 degrees before it is not critical. When growing plants very It is important to provide them with periodic watering and good lighting of land. The best lupine of this type is growing and developing on neutral, as well as samp lands.

Rules landing

Let’s stop more on agrotechnology landing and growing lupine as a seed plant.

Selection of time and place

Before planting seedlings Earth must be swapped to the depth of the bayonet shovel and be sure to dissolve. As for feeding, at the very initial stage, even when the soil is pretty poor, do not make neither organic or any other nitrogen or complex compositions. The fact is that nitrogen-fixing bacteria immediately after the start of growth in annual Lupine, they are rapidly developing in themselves, and excess nitrogen will only slow down this process.

Usually the landing of the Lupine seeds produce from mid-May, when the soil is already sufficiently warmed up and the threats of return freezers will arrive.

Landing

Lupine planting is quite simple. The only thing that is required from the owner of the site is to sink well and align it. After that, it is necessary to make a groove, deepening them by 3-5 cm, the removal between them should be 20-25 cm wide. Seeders are placed in them so that between them remained about 10-12 cm of the soil. The standard consumption of the annual lupine seedlings for each weaving of the Earth is usually about 3 kg, although if sowing material is too small – seeds may need less.

If the seed material was kept for 12 months and more or in the case when you do not know the exact time of its storage is best to scarify the seeds in order for them as quickly as possible. For this shell of each family, slightly damage.

It may seem that it is quite simple – in practice it is not the case, since the seed shell of Lupine is very rigid. Surely experienced gardeners could not see how young sprouts who knocked on the surface of the soil could not free themselves from their semiodoli. That is why in the process of scarification you need to be very neat and do not hurt at the same time.

Usually, In order to accelerate the process of germination of seeds, there are enough 2-3 lung cuts with a sharp scalpel, as an alternative, you can slightly process seedlings most small sandpaper.

Care

Lupine does not require any special care. 3-5 days after planning to the ground, it is necessary to merible with rakes or light crevers. And if you are dealing with a soil reduced sand content, then the harrowing should be performed only after 4-5 full-fledged leaves will be formed in the plants. It is best to do this after 16 hours.

The second loosening is made only after Lupine grows up to 13-15 cm, and another week you need to fulfill the last, third harrowing.

Watering plants only in the case of dry crust on the surface of the earth, If desired, you can make biological preparations with active microorganisms.

Cleaning time

If you intend to plant Lupine as a ciderat, then It is necessary to make it necessary before the onset of bulk flowering. In most cases, some gardeners are leaving the beds, but it is completely optional to do this – it’s easy enough to mock the green mass, grab the roots and sprinkle the earth from above. If dry hot weather is holding, you should additionally pour a bed. All the further work of microorganisms will make themselves for you.

Tips for specialists

In conclusion, we will give an answer to one of the most common issues of novice gardeners – For whatever reason on their household plot, Lupine does not want to grow. Most often the reason for such an unpleasant phenomenon becomes Increased acidity of substrate. As we have already noted, on the acidified soils, not all types of lupins are successfully leaving, developing and growing. And if you deal with Lupin blue, he will simply and will not go.

In all other cases, the Council is one – take patience. Sometimes in the earliest stages of its development, garden lupins grow extremely slow. By the way, this often enjoy farmers and industrial farms, setting up a culture under winter, oats or annual herbal cultures. After their mowing, the Lupine is usually started to develop rapidly, so you can even get a pair of crops on one field.

In the next video you will learn the features of growing lupine white.

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