How to transplant pears?

Pear is one of the favorite cultures of many gardeners who take her honorary place in the garden. But it happens that the pear needs to transplant. In the article, tell me how to do it right, so as not to disrupt the timing of the fruction of this tree.

At what age can be transplanted?

It is clear that the younger seedlings (1-3 years), the better they will suffer “stress” due to the transfer of them to a new habitat. A little harder this adaptation passes in the trees for 3-5 years, well, and a large load has to carry adult plants.

This is due to the fact that they have already formed the root system and when digging out there is a big risk of damaging it.

Undesirable to transplant from one place to another just a recently planted village. Not having successed to grasp, the seedling will lose completely immunity with a new landing and either die or will recover for a long time.

Timing

The best time for transplanting young seedlings is spring. This is done after the snow comes down and before the start of the process of the coilment and the appearance of the kidney. But the village of Preluch can be planted and autumn: for autumn transplants, the end of October is the beginning of November – the beginning of November.

Theoretically, landing can be produced in the winter in the absence of severe frosts, but it is better not to do this in practice. Roots can still be frozen. Winter – still unpredictable time of year.

Choosing a place and preparation of the pit

Choose a place to re-transplanting pears quite carefully so that it can withstand this process and take care of a new habitat. First of all, you need fertile soil and protection against drafts. However, if the neighboring trees will shade it, she will send all her strength to growth in height, and not to bookmarket fruit kidney.

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by the way, better so that they are surrounded by the same pear trees, you can other varieties – it is necessary for pollination.

Do not land a pear near any stationary fences or buildings (in this case, it is advisable to observe the distance in 5 m).

The depth of the landing pits depends on the distance of finding groundwater, the composition of the soil, the type of stock. In conventional normal conditions, they make a hole to the roots of the seedling freely placed there. In the suction and sublinous structure dig a hole to a depth of 1 meter and in diameter at least 2 meters.

Preparation for transplanting pear wood begins a month before landing. The sizes of the usual pit – 0.7 m in the depth and 0.9 m in diameter, digs such a moat. On the bottom it is to create a more loose foundation, work the shovel, breaking the soil.

If we are talking about a clay substance, then drainage is done in the form of clay, broken bricks. Fertilizer is added to the landing hole: compost interspersed with a glass of superphosphate, there will be no extra and wood ash.

If you need to gripe the soil, then they are approved as follows: in 10 liters of water dissolve 2 cups of fluffs (lime) and poured the mixture into the hole.

If you sat down a pear at the location of groundwater at least 1.5 meters away, you will have to build a landing pit from the mound and make a kind of hill.

Technology Transplant

Before transplanting a pear to another, a new place, you need to lower the tree at least in the water so that it can fill the loss of moisture. This procedure is committed especially if the seedlove was dug in advance before landing.

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Technology transplant is as follows.

  1. A pear tree is digging together with the land of the earth and does not shake the soil sticking to the roots.
  2. Allone long rhizomes can cut and process these places with coal (wood or activated).
  3. In the prepared hole, a small elevation is made right in the center for a better distribution of the root system in the pit.
  4. Blow up a pear on the root neck.
  5. Complete landing watering to eliminate emptiness between rhizm.

For the next season, it is advisable to give a nitrogen feeder, after 3 years, and then in each season feed the mineral composition. The organic makes no more than in 3-4 years.

Subsequent care

Care – an important component of a seedlings. In this regard, pay attention to the trimming procedure: make it both on the eve of the landing (thinning the crown) and at the time of transplanting (getting rid of dry branches, damaged parts, and also shorten what leads to a congument of the crown).

Proper trimming – the key to the fact that the pear will become faster and adapts to new conditions for further growth and fruiting, and will not spend force on unnecessary branching.

Among other activities to care, it is important to comply with the level of humidity in the soil (watering timely) and before the onset of heat is to bother the trunk.

The fact is that The bark of the pear tree is subjected to sunburn, so it is either treated with lime, or shelted with nonwoven material. Spring can be sprayed with allowed chemicals to avoid the invasion of the pear of various pests.

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Possible problems

Do not transplant the pear infected with diseases and pests. Besides You can lose a tree, there is still a risk of infecting the soil or close to other plants.

In case of non-compliance with the basic rules of transplanting, seedlings may be sluggish or over time and dry. Here are some reasons, as a result of which negative consequences are possible:

  • landing pear to the place of another tree without proper soil processing (any plant leaves root residues with infected discharge);
  • landing to the wrong pit (it should not be narrow, the roots should fit freely in it);
  • Incorrect the rooting of the root system (and the fiing of the roots outside is bad, but also the excessive sealing into the ground also badly affects the development of the tree);
  • The excessive “haircut” of the roots (it is impossible to touch the center rod, it is eliminated only from rotten and damaged roots, side – slightly cut down);
  • Improper irrigation technique (the slog does not need to be located in the trunk, the water should flow into the roar circle).

    Specialists advise not to make a pear fruit in the first season after a transplant – this can also be the cause of abnormal development of the plant. In the first year, the tree must be fastened, in the forces of the gardener to organize such care so that in the subsequent pear pleased with its fragrant fruits for many years.

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