How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Shrubs of fruit plants are better not to move. Even with the most verified technique, this will lead to short-term yield losses. But sometimes without transplanting can not do. Consider how to transplant the currant in the spring to a new place as painlessly as possible

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

The need for procedure

Currant feels well in one place up to 15 years. The transplant is necessary only in one case – the shrub too rummaged, aged and needs a cardinal rejuvenation, it needs to be divided and get a new planting material or to proper. Also, old bushes can begin to interfere with each other – the crop grows. All other reasons can be attributed to organizational and depends on the gardener only:

  • Redevelopment of the site;
  • The bush interferes with other plants or plants interfere with the Kuste;
  • Conditions have changed for good fruiting – a shadow appeared, wind, groundwater.

The portability of transplants in the currant is very high, but the plant will be injured. The older the bush, the longer it will adapt. Good care fully compensates for these difficulties.

Bushes younger than 5 years can be transplanted in case of extreme need even in the summer.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

When you can replant?

Spring transplant is made at the end of March – in April. Specific deadlines are chosen due to circumstances. It should be focused on the conditions in your region: the soil has plin enough for the rescue, and the juice movement has not yet begun, the kidneys are not swollen. In the suburbs it is March, in Siberia – May, in the south of Russia – March. Transplanted when setting a stable air temperature of 0-1 ° C.

Before the start of the deployment, with sleeping kidneys, all shrubs and trees transplant. These plastic plastic plants, but dense and inactive roots, and the ground part does not require nutrition. The plant will not lose too much small roots, and the unfolding foliage will not lose power. Cons Spring Transplant: It is difficult to catch the period when the land is enough warmed up, and the kidneys did not move into growth, the double load on the plant – he has to direct the forces and to take care of, and on the extension of green mass. But the pros compensate it – Before winter, the plants are perfectly leaving, some varieties in the same year will give a crop. Spring transplant is preferable to cold regions, with unstable, cold autumn and early frosts.

Note. Change in the fall is performed more often because there are few other works in the garden. The plant is at the peak of his forces, during the season it prepared to sleep, the leaves are reset and there is no risk that in the coming days they will be in growth. Transplanted currants a month to sustainable cold. In some cases, you can transplant a bush in summer, even with leaves. The plant arrives, but will need intensive care. To minimize damage, it is better to wait for the end of fruiting.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Training

The preparatory activities include:

  • Careful watering bush before transplanting;
  • trimming dry, damaged branches;
  • Healthy branches thin and shorten on ½ length;
  • Prepare a strong burlap, polyethylene for carrying a bush (if a bush is planned to be transported far, a bucket with water is also required).

Place for landing should be well lit, perfect if there is a slight shading. Plot is preferable windless, protected by buildings or higher plants. However, from other landings with trees or bushes you need to withstand the distance no less than 2-3 meters so that the roots of the largests do not interfere with each other.

Currant loves abundant moisture, but not welcoming standing water. Line and sections should be avoided, where the groundwater is closer than 2 m. Places on the hills will not fit – there the plant will constantly experience the lack of moisture.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Bad neighbors for currant.

  • Pine and other coniferous. Divide a boat rust, landing will often be sick. And score the soil, what a currant does not tolerate.
  • Birch. Inhibits all the plants, taking all moisture from the soil.
  • Raspberries. Has a deeper root system, deprives the feed currant.
  • Cherry. Scares close to black currant, which actively absorbs moisture from the soil.
  • Plum. Common pests with currant.

Useful neighbors for currant:

  • honeysuckle;
  • Strawberry;
  • garlic;
  • onion;
  • Apple tree.

Do not put next to the red and black currant. They have different needs.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Priming

The best types of soil – sproughs or loam. The soil must have good mechanical properties: effectively skip moisture and air. To increase moisture and air permeability, sand, peat or compost is added.

The currants have a surface root system, so Preparing not only pits, but the whole area. It is hammered by two bayonet shovels, the lower layer of loosens, bring organic and mineral fertilizers, as for any other plants. If the soil is too acidic, it is encountered or adjust the balance with ash. Currant need pH 6-6.5. Landing Pits for Currant – 30-50 cm deep, 60-100 cm in width.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Shooting bush

To dig a bush, it is first piping at a distance of 30 cm from the barrel. Depth – 1-2 blade shovel. A bush push the shovel on one side, slightly lifted. Then, on the other, you are stronger, pulling the roots with the land. The plant should be approached by shovel or forks. For the branches themselves do not stand – they can break.

If the land is planned to shake, the roots should be examined and disinfected with a weak solution of manganese.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Technology Transplant

Currant Transplant Event Sequence.

  • Pumps out. If you need to transplant the currants to a new place in the spring, 2 weeks after the rescue, do not add fertilizers in the wells. If the site has been replenished and fertilized in the fall, and the transplant is carried out in the spring, then the wells should be digging in advance, move the soil with a compost.
  • Immediately before landing in the wells poured 1-3 buckets of water – So that the soil looks like a naturally liquid. If the bush is planting without a coma of land, the bottom of the pits are watered moderately, the hill is poured down at the bottom of the soil.
  • The roots of the seedling can be dipped into a solid of wood ash – 100 g of ashes on 5 liters of water.
  • Rugged currant bush, together with a lump of land, set to a hole, pumped with a prepared soil. If it is a bush without a coma, it is installed on a hilmik, slightly shaking, gradually fall asleep with the soil from all sides. The soil is tightly tight every 5-10 cm.
  • Richly shed a rolling circle, Having spent not less than 3 buckets of water on a bush.
  • Soil from above mulch peat, cheese or dry compost.

Root neck currant, unlike apple trees or pears, plugged at 8-10 cm. Root neck is 3-4 cm above the side root. Proper Bulk Stimulates the appearance of new roots.

Note. There is a special reception conducted in the spring to even successfully transplant to another place adulthood in the fall – the bush at the right distance is deeply spawned, overrows all the large roots.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Over the summer, more small roots are formed within the framework of the soil. In the fall of the com removed and move to a new place. But you can argue how much it is necessary. Currant does not apply to plants too demanding for transplantation, additional tricks are usually not required.

After transplantation, the following actions will be required.

  • Abundant attentive watering. It is impossible to overdo it – it provokes diseases and can destroy the plant. But the lack of moisture will also negatively affect. Young plant Even short-term soil drying will be perceived as a reason to dwell in growth. We should consider the weather and the composition of the soil. Suglink watered less frequently, saczo – more often. In very dry weather, black currant watered at least 2-3 times a week, and red and white – up to 3-4 times.
  • Additional trimming branches, If there is a suspicion that the underground and upper part after the previous trimming is not balanced.
  • Conduct treatment from pests and diseases (web and fruit ticks, glass, shield, mild growth, anthracnose, etc.). Before the dissolution of the kidneys spray 1% bearded mixture, the leaflets began to bloom to form “phytodeter”.
  • In the fall of plants are treated with a solution of iron mood (5%), copper sulfate (3%), phytosporin preparations, “Aktellik”, “Horus”. Wood ash can also protect the powdery dew – 1 cup is scattered along the rich circle and loose (not to combine with nitrous fertilizers).
  • For winter currants Covered Only in the regions with cold bias winters (below -25 ° C).

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Common mistakes

  • The age of the bush is not taken into account. The mature healthy bushes of the earth are better not to shake. Old plants are divided into several, strongly cut, the soil with roots shake, the roots are examined, remove damaged and blackened. Young you can transplant in any way. If the old bush is exhausted, you don’t need to share it, it is better to simply remove the extra.
  • The type of currant is not taken into account. The black currant has a surface root system, it is easier to dig and move it without damage, but after planting it will need more attentive watering – the soil can quickly dry. Black currant is watered more often, and not so abundantly. Red and white currant have a deeper root system – they are watered a little less often, but more water use.
  • Excess fertilizer. Unnecessary zeal in this matter can be destructive for the plant. In the first 2 years, the transplanted bushes is better not to feed, everything needed already in the soil.

All branches when transplanting are cut only by a clear secateur, cuts are treated with garden water. If the branches randomly crumble, you also need to make a smooth cut and process. Transplanted spring adults Strong bushes can give a harvest by the same summer. However, in most cases, it’s not worth waiting for the berries. Even the perfect landing and subsequent care will not speed up time.

Restoration of the plant will take about a year. The first fruits can be removed next season.

How to transplant currant in spring to a new place?

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment