How to store potatoes in the apartment?

Potato, perhaps, is an indispensable product for both daily and solemn menu. The crop of potatoes usually falls at the beginning of the fall, which is why in front of the dackets the important question arises – how to keep potatoes in winter. To do this, it should be selected the place in which the crop will not leave, does not rot, will not give sprouts and at the same time will retain its food value.

Optimal conditions

Vegetables in stores are available year-round, so many simply buy potatoes as needed and keep it in storage room, kitchen cabinet or in the refrigerator. But if you grow vegetables on your household plot, it is necessary to create suitable conditions for maintaining a crop, in which the grocery supply will not deteriorate and will not lose its nutritional value.

Properly selected storage location significantly increases the period of storage of tubers.

Let us stay more on the conditions of preserving the young harvest of potatoes.

Humidity

The permissible level of humidity should be 80-90%. If the humidity is raised, especially warm, the tubers will begin to give young shoots. It dries roots and impairs their taste.

To achieve optimal moisture, it is necessary:

  • Regularly to ventilate a block where food reserves are stored;

  • maintain full air circulation;

  • Do not place boxes near the walls and other surfaces where condensate accumulates;

  • keep potatoes away from the places of moisture evaporation;

  • shift vegetables with sawdusts to absorb excess water;

  • Store roots separately from any other fruits, the only permissible neighbor – beet.

Temperature

Potatoes react poorly to heat, he needs coolness. It is best to keep tubers at a temperature of + 2 … 7 degrees, but ensure this level in the apartment is quite difficult. To achieve the desired healing, resort to the following measures:

  • During September-October, potatoes are placed on the balcony to exclude direct sunlight;

  • As soon as the air temperature drops to 2 degrees, vegetables are transferred to the apartment;

  • For winter storage, they choose the most cool areas, you can not place potatoes near radiators of heating and other heating sources.

If you maintain the optimal humidity and temperature regime, then the potato harvest will be kept until six months, otherwise the tubers will lay no longer than three to four weeks.

It should be borne in mind that the impact of cold weather leads to a deterioration in the taste of fruits. At a temperature background below +2 degrees of tubers freeze and become completely unsuitable for cooking.

Light

Store vegetables can be solely in a dark place. If they are kept on the loggia or balcony, then you should close the boxes of a web or piece of plywood.

Under the action of ultraviolet rays in potatoes, Solan is accumulated. This is a poisonous substance that often causes oncological diseases. You can distinguish such potatoes on a green shade, it is not suitable for eating food.

Air access

For the storage of potato harvest, areas are suitable with full air circulation. Therefore, from time to time in the pantry it is necessary to arrange the ventilation – it will significantly reduce the amount of condensate, neutralizes it and reduce the temperature.

Types of Tara

Selection of containers is one of the key moments of the proper storage of vegetable stocks during the winter months.

That’s what you can use for this.

  • Linen bag – This material freely passes the air and thus gives vegetables to “breathe”.

  • Grid from Capron – Not bad packaging for placing root. In addition, affordable and inexpensive.

  • Boxes – Any wooden boxes, chilled from bars, boards or shields.

  • Plastic container – Tara, which, depending on the volume, can accommodate a different number of tubers. Must necessarily provide holes.

  • Braided baskets – one of the most successful solutions. Tara is well ventilated, thus prevents the formation of rot.

Bags and drawers received the greatest distribution – they fully meet all the requirements of the storage of potatoes.

At the same time, they are durable and in proper processing there are not one season. But the polyethylene container is contraindicated because it does not give full ventilation. As a result, products begin to rot and covered with mold, it is impossible to use these vegetables in food.

Training clubs

Before placing for long-term storage, young tubers must be properly prepared. To do this, you need to perform drying – it is produced immediately after harvesting. Tubers are kept under the sun over two or three hours. This time is enough for potatoes to completely dried, and all the excess moisture evaporated. Such measures warn uploading.

Next about the month, the harvest is stored in a dry, well-ventilated dark place. During this time, the rootes are fully adapted to the conditions of winter storage. At this time, the temperature regime should be maintained at + 12 … 20 degrees and humidity no more than 90%. If potatoes begin to give sprouts, they must immediately remove.

After that, potatoes move to a permanent storage place and maintain a temperature at the level of + 2 … 7 degrees. Scientists have established that tubers have the “breathe” property, that is, they highlight heat, carbon dioxide and even moisture. If the room is too warm, the vegetables will quickly lose their moisture, start drying and wrinkle. To prevent the appearance of rotten bacteria and other pathogenic microflora Potato tubers are folded with fresh leaves of rowan and wormwood. From time to time you should sort out all damaged potatoes.

The weather is played a big role for the growing season, the composition of the soil and applied fertilizers. So, if the summer was rainy, then tubers deteriorate much faster.

Essentially worsens vegetables to use a large amount of nitrogen fertilizers – in this case, potatoes practically does not oppose diseases.

Before placing a storage harvest, you need to sort the tubers. Small separated from large, as well as chosen vegetables on which noted from harvesting equipment or shovels. Products with damaged skin should be used to prepare dishes immediately.

For storage in winter, be sure to pay attention to the varietal features. Medium, as well as the secondary sorts (“Rocco”, “Aurora” or “Hostess”) usually store no more than 2 months. For longer storage use late-leaving varieties (“Gatchinsky”, “Atlant”, as well as “Slavyanka”).

Storage methods

Apartments of most Russians can not boast a big hid, so the place for long-term storage of vegetable stocks is limited. In addition, you can hardly find residential premises, where the temperature does not exceed +7 degrees, and the humidity holds in the range of 80-90%.As a rule, rooted roots are stored in the storage room or, if there is no such, in the kitchen. Alternatively, you can place vegetables on the balcony and loggia, use the refrigerator or even put in the entrance. Each method has virtues and disadvantages.

On the balcony

One of the most convenient storage options for potatoes is a glazed balcony. It is best for storing tubers to use a wooden box or a container warmed by foamflast. Additionally, the container should be bought by any warm things.

If the loggia is open, you will have to follow the weather and the temperature of the external environment all the time so that the tubers are not freezing. In this case, preference is better to give two-layer Tara preparation techniques. To do this, take a pair of wooden boxes of different sizes. At the bottom of the larger tank, a layer of straw is poured and placed inside a smaller box filled with tubers. Empty between tanks also sprinkled with sawdust and additionally closes the design with a warm blanket. Optimally, the packaging differed in dimensions by 10-20 cm in height, as well as the length and width. In such conditions, the harvest can be kept up to -15 degrees.

On the kitchen

In frosty days, potatoes are usually placed in the kitchen, especially in homes where there is no garage, basement and balcony. It is convenient, because in this case the products necessary for cooking are always at hand. However, while the temperature regime in the kitchen should not exceed +19 degrees. Therefore, the optimal solution will be the zone under the sink, it is advisable to put potatoes in a wicker basket or a wooden container to ensure full ventilation.

To eliminate excess moisture and condensate from a substantial space and warn the appearance of rot, tubers need to shield rowabins, wormwood either dry mint.

As an option, You can place potatoes in the bottom of the table or Penal. Some stores even offer special bags with compartments for vegetables storage. They provide ventilation holes for the unimpeded circulation of air masses. Such functional furniture helps to keep the crop of potatoes, besides, it will always be in the access area. One cabinet holds up to 20 kg of potatoes.

In the fridge

Placing potatoes in the refrigerator is one of the effective solutions for brief storage of a small stock of vegetables. Modern techniques make it possible to adjust the temperature at their own discretion. Usually stored potatoes in the package – it allows you to protect it from any extraneous smells.

The disadvantage of such a solution is the content of potatoes without air access. As a result, potato starch begins to decay on sugar, and vegetables become sweet. In addition, it is necessary to keep in mind that on the shelves of the refrigerator is unlikely to be placed more than 5-7 kg of potatoes. Therefore, this option can be called permissible, but not the most practical. Agree, you can hardly want to fill the entire refrigerator only potato tubers.

In many houses of the Soviet construction under the kitchen window, a “Khrushchevsky drawer” is provided. It supports the optimal temperature background that is suitable for storage of vegetables. However, it is impossible to store a harvest with too strong frosts, so when colds outside -20 ° C is better to remove potatoes to another place.

In the entrance

If there is no place in the apartment, then keep the harvest of vegetables in the entrance or corridor. The optimal decision will be a vestibule on two or three apartments with a tightly closing door.

And so that the neighbors do not attempted your food reserves, the castle hang on the box, and the box itself is attached to the floor with self-draws or nails.

In the basement

The optimal solution for storing roots will be basement. Some inhabitants of apartment buildings have their own cellar, most often they are outside the house. The exceptions are only residents of the first floors that can go into the subfield right from the loggia.

Such places have the optimal parameters of humidity and temperature, there is no access to direct sunlight. Therefore, here you can store a large stock of vegetables. Placing potatoes in the subfield allows the maximum to maintain the nutritional value of the root of the root of at least 5-6 months. Some keep potatoes not only until spring, but even before the new crop.

However, the cellar must be prepared. To do this, it is carefully dried, ventilated and subjected to disinfection processing. Optimally covering shelves, walls, floors and lime ceilings. Be sure to clean the shelves, the staircase, as well as inventories from the web and dust. It is important that the cellar is sufficiently thermally insulated and at the same time had a hole to remove condensate.

How to increase storage?

Apartment can not be called the most practical solution for long-term storage of potato harvest. But if you wish, in each house you can find an optimal place that will save food reserve for several months. To put potatoes as long as possible, you need to handle containers in which you plan to place vegetables. It is best to displaced them with chlorine lime or a solution of copper sulfate, after which it is thoroughly dry.

Significantly increases the burning of the products. Locking the rows of potatoes with straw or sawdust. Top package covered with spruce sweets. A good result provides a series of beets laid out from above – this root is absorbed by the whole excess moisture. Experienced summer residents advise to put in container with potatoes dried leishes branches. It is noted that in this case, the tubers will not give sprouts for a long time.

Keep the vegetables as long as possible helps the roots of ginger, as well as onion husks and fern.

In conclusion, we note that in the storage of potato tubers at home there are no difficulties in winter. But sometimes it happens that the crop still deforms, begins to rot or dry. Causes may be the most different.

  • Insufficiently careful sorting, as a result of which damaged tubers were in total stock.

  • For storage, early grades were selected that are not intended for this purpose.

  • Other vegetables were kept near potatoes.

  • Humidity parameters were not observed, and the temperature regime was broken.

  • The storage place of products was not sufficiently prepared.

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