How to save grapes from OS and bees?

Have long been sunk in the summer of times when the cultivation of grapes was considered the privilege of residents of exclusively southern regions. Now thanks to the work of breeders, these sweet berries can be grown in the country areas even the middle strip. But, unfortunately, often the vineyard attacks the wasps and bees.

If you do not struggle with these insects, they can destroy most of the crop, and all work will go to the pump.

This article describes four effective ways to rescue grapes from OS and bees without using poisons and harmful chemical solutions.

What can be processed?

During the ripening of grapes, the wasps flies on the sweet and eat berries, starting with overwhelmed burst fruits. Save grapes from the OS can be by spraying the loses of the bitter infusion of wormwood. For this, wormwood is harvested during flowering. The grass must be crushed, pour water at the rate of one bucket of water for half a bucket of wormwood and leave for 24 hours. Then the infusion is boiled about 40 minutes, flickering through the gauze and add as much water. Decoction spray grapes twice a day during the week.

In addition to wormwood, it is possible to mask the sweetness of fruits using a salt or acetic solution. Proportions: 3-4 tablespoons of salt / vinegar per liter of water. Update spraying you need once a week, as well as after every rain.

Among folk recipes, the method of spraying grapes in the onion and garlic is also common, but it is not recommended to do this due to changes in the taste properties of berries.

You can treat grapes by the drug “Oba”. He is not poison, but simply scares the malicious insects. This is an absolutely safe remedy, made on the basis of natural smoking flavoring.

Among the insecticides, the “Actophite” biological preparation has been well established. They can both handle vines and put in traps as bait.

In compliance with the instructions, the drug is completely safe for plants and human health.

Besides, The grapes are practicing the fusion of the space of the OS clusters and bees smoke – These insects do not tolerate the smell of Gary. It is unlikely that one can call this way one hundred percent, but when combined with other means, the method is quite effective.

How to protect with bait?

There are special traps for catching OS, but they can be made independently. The most common option is a reusable trap from a large plastic bottle.

In order to make a trap, you should unscrew the cork, cut off the neck from the bottle, turn it over and insert back, making a kind of funnel. Various bait, consisting of water and syrup from sugar, sugar jam or honey placed inside the bottle. Attracted by a delicious aroma, the wasps will take inside the bottle through a narrow neck and bother in the sticky composition. After filling the bottle, you can clean it and use again.

Also as a bait for OS used beer, kvass and reinforced berry and fruit compotes. To enhance odor, it is recommended to lubricate the bait and the outside of the trap.

For greater efficiency, you can lubricate the walls of the oil traps, and on the bottom, in addition to the bait, pour a destructive solution of boric acid or any insecticide with a weak odor, for example, “GET” or “Delta zone”.

Use adhesive traps. The lines of adhesive cardboard or linoleum are applied to the linoleum layer, and a sweet bait is placed in the center from pieces of ferrics of fruits – melons, watermelons, apricots, bananas or any other. The wasps will fly to the delicacy and stick.

In addition to sweets, the OS attracts meat. Better if it will be slightly tied. Sobs of sausages or sausages, fish, liver. Such a bait also attracts Horses – one more dangerous for the “guests” grapes.

But bees causing significantly less harm, meat is not interested.

Here it is worth mentioning that bees can not contact the skin of grapes and eat exclusively those berries that are already damaged by birds or axes. Given the colossal benefits that bees bring the garden, it will be wiser to not destroy these insects without need.

There are also traps with ultraviolet lamps. The insect flies to the light, concerns the lattice and dies from the discharge by electric shock. For such devices, additional baits are not required. Minus such traps in their rather big value. A decent alternative – simple mechanical traps working on solar panels, combined with bait.

Use repeat plants

Some plants have an aroma that scares OS and Sherne. These include mint, basil, thyme, geranium, lemon grass (she citronella), wormwood and melissa. These plants are recommended to plant in close proximity to vineyards or moiste with their essential wool oil and decompose in places of cluster.

Usually they form nests in attics, in the holes of the pipes, in the cracks between the house floors and under the roofs of the shed.

OS plants include such an exotic flower as harmal ordinary, growing in steppe regions of Asia and Eastern Europe. Bundles of dry grass ignite and dig in the smoke of the places of insect clusters. Smoke is completely harmless to humans, but the wasa of it is dying. The combustion of the wood of coniferous trees is also well scareds the OS due to the release of strongly smelling substances.

It should be noted that by itself this method is effective only as prevention and should be used in combination with other pest protection methods.

Preservation of grapes with bags

Greate grapes and with the help of special net bags. This is the most effective and humane way that does not lead to the death of insects.

The invasion of pests that eat the flesh of grapes, as a rule, begins in August, as soon as the first varieties are kept. By that time, it is necessary to carefully hide each bunch in a bag made of any fabric in a small grid. It can be march, mosquito net, old categories or tulle from unnecessary curtains. Also such bags can be bought in the store. They are produced from durable synthetic material in different color variations. It is better to choose neutral shades of gray and brown – they are the least attractive for insects.

Each bag must be put on a bunch so that there is enough space for the free circulation of air between grapes and cloth. This process is sufficiently long and time consuming, but what to do – the result justifies the efforts. Watch that the “Cocoon” did not hit the grape leaves that can start rotting.

In addition to individual bags, you can use a large protective grid that will protect the bunches not only from bees and OS, but also from the stripping of berries in birds. It must be fixed on the upper crossbar of the Top loads around the perimeter of the vineyard on both sides so that the network is free to hang out to the ground.

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