How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

If you plan to grow on your site of eggplants, then you should choose in advance and prepare seeds. Seed preparation includes several steps at once. Today we will talk about how to fulfill it.

Selection of material

First you need to choose suitable seeds. It is best to give preference to proven providers with good reviews. No seeds in the markets should not be purchased, since the probability of buying low-quality landing material.

On the packaging of seeds, all the necessary information must be specified, including the variety, the expiration date, the characteristic of the species, the basic recommendations for sowing. It is categorically impossible to acquire seeds with an expired.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Currently, there are a large number of various varieties of eggplant. We highlight the most popular among the gardeners:

  • “King of the North”;
  • “Ural raw”;
  • “Ultrarand”;
  • “Salamander”;
  • “Africa”.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Seeds better check for germination. To do this, you can prepare a solution of cook salt. The material is lowered and stirred thoroughly. 30-40 minutes all seeds that eventually surfaced, removed.

Such an inspection is recommended a few days before sowing. After it, the seeds are definitely rinsed well under running water, slightly dried.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Does prepare need and why?

Prepaiming preparation is necessary in order to obtain as a result as strong and strong shoots, grow healthy seedlings. Before planting seeds, treated with special disinfectants – they allow you to destroy all malicious organisms, And also significantly increase the immunity of material to various diseases and pests.

Preliminary soaking of seeds will give the opportunity to increase the germination, contributes to a more rapid appearance of shoots. Besides, This procedure will also allow to increase the level of yield.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Disinfection

Disinfection is the necessary procedure when processing seeds. After all, they may have malicious fungi, various harmful organisms that can lead to the death of seedlings, so they are better to destroy them immediately by disinfection.

To achieve the most efficient result, it is also recommended to disinfect and soil, landing boxes. There are a large number of ways to carry out this procedure.

It is often taken by a solution of manganese. Wherein Material need to withstand in the finished dark pink composition for 20-25 minutes. You can use hydrogen peroxide. In this case, the seeds are soaked for 20 minutes in 3% solution.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Some gardeners use the preparation “Phytosporin-M”. This method is as efficient as possible. Seeds will need to pour with a solution for 30 minutes.

Many gardeners are preparing various folk remedies for disinfection cooked at home. So, a good option will be tincture with garlic. For her cooking you need to take three garlic teeth, chop them and pour water for a day (100 ml of liquid). In the finished composition, everything is soaked for half an hour.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Stimulation of growth

Such processing will give the opportunity to maximize the energy of germination. It allows you to speed up this process, get a strong shoot. The procedure should be performed or immediately after disinfection, or shortly before the start of the extension.

Seeds pre-wrap in a cloth or put in a small fabric bag. The most effective stimulants are the following compositions:

  • “Epin Extra”;
  • “Energy”;
  • “Zircon”.

Dilute the solution should be in strict compliance with instructions. The above materials are readily found in garden stores.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

To stimulate growth is permissible to apply different biological components, they will also improve germination. A good option would be the aloe juice, it is mixed with water (ratio 1: 1). The finished solution is placed the seed, there it is necessary to leave for a day. It is best to place the leaves of aloe in the cooling chamber for 10-12 days, this will maximize the efficiency of.

It will also be able to come and honey. In this case, it is necessary to fill a glass of slightly warm water, there was added 1 teaspoon of honey. There will need to soak the seeds, they are left for 5-6 hours.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Wood ash is also suitable for processing. One tablespoon of ashes is bred in a glass with a boiled liquid. In this form, the mixture is insteaded for two days. After that, the planting material is soaked in it for 5-6 hours.

Remember that after the treatment of seeds in such a substance, wash their water is categorically prohibited. They are better to immediately fall into the ground or send to germination.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Germination

After disinfection and soaking in the seed stimulator will be fully prepared for sowing. But many gardeners after these procedures send seed material to germination.

In this case, first prepare a piece of fabric. It is impregnated with pure boiled water. In the fabric gently wrap the seeds. Cut is laid out on a small saucer. Next, all this is covered with a thin film, in such a form of seed material placed on the kitchen cabinet. It will be necessary to periodically remove the film and the layer of fabric in order to control the material. Also need to constantly monitor the level of humidity.

Daily control is necessary in order to check whether the first sprouts did not appear. Remember that germinated seeds are especially susceptible to injury when landing. After they sprouted, they are immediately sulking in boxes for seedlings, filled with a wet soil mixture.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Hardening

In the process of preparing the seed material, it is recommended to perform the order procedure. This is especially true of thermo-loving varieties. Exposure to cold air will contribute to strengthening the immunity of plants. Hardened vegetation will be able to withstand various adverse nature factors, diseases.

To carry out such a procedure, you will need to take a piece of fabric and wet it with water. Sowing material wrapped in it, all this is covered with a lid and in this form, it is exhibited on the top shelf of the refrigeration chamber.

In the process of hardening, it is necessary to carry out a contrasting alternation, In which the cloth with seeds will be 12 hours in the refrigerator, and 12 hours indoors at room temperature.

After 6-7 days, the treated eggplant seeds are sown in the prepared land.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

Sometimes the preparation also perform bubbling. For its execution, a compressor for aquariums is used. Seeds are neatly poured into the container, which is pre-filled with pure heated water by 2/3 of the part. After that, the hose is lowered there and include the device.

If you need to handle several varieties at the same time, then for each of them you should use a tissue bag. If you want to save your time, then the growth stimulator can be added only at this stage of processing. Baroting will contribute to the saturation of the material with oxygen, softening the outer shell of seeds.

How to prepare eggplant seeds to sow?

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