Hourging is an important component of growing cucumbers. This procedure allows not only to make a bush more compact and simplify care for it, but also significantly affects the quantity and quality of the resulting fruit.
The need for procedure
To determine the need for steaming, it should be understood what, in general, is the essence of this process. According to the biological description of the cucumbers there is one main escape going straight from the root. It is customary to call the leaf, and on it, as a rule, most fruit matures. Those stems that are on the sides of the central copy, are referred to as. They look as if they grow from “sinuses” between the main escape and sheet.
Over time, the steyka develops to the same scale as the main vacuum, but the quality of the harvest formed on them still turns out to be.
Power The side processes are obtained through the main stem, thereby taking into their height those nutritional elements that could be directed to the formation of the cucumbers themselves. Thus, the removal of steppes allows you to direct all resources for the implementation of the main task. This procedure is assumed to be part of the formation of the plant. It should be mentioned that steaming cucumbers need not always. For example, if no more than 2 lateral shoots are observed on the bush, they will not cause culture.
However, in some cases, no procedure cannot do. For example, this is relevant for small greenhouses and greenhouses, whose indoor space turns out to be simply not enough for growing shoots. Active intervention is needed and in the event of a population of landings capable of becoming an ideal bridgehead for the development of insect diseases and vital activity. After the formation, the main stems begin to get more light and oxygen. Conduct stepsing makes sense in cases where it is necessary to increase the yield of culture, achieve an early harvest or reduce the size of the instance to facilitate the care of it.
Hourging is made in two main ways. In the first case, all unnecessary processes coming from the sinuses, starting with the nodal loop of the main. In the second – side shoots to tear out of the sinuses of the first 5-6 sheets, and the rest leave, after which they also eliminate the wound in the first 3-4 leaves. The second option is relevant in the case when a sufficient distance is withstanding between individual bushes, as it allows you to increase them in width. The first – it is customary to choose for the densely planted cucumbers, which after processing begin to stretch up. In both cases, those steppes are subject to removal, the length of which does not go beyond the boundaries 3-6 centimeters.
Act while they are still small, meaninglessly, and too late intervention can harm the whole bustard.
To properly cut the cucumbers, it is wiser to use one of the existing schemes.
In open soil
Those varieties that are free, without tapping inhabitants in the open soil, is allowed, in general, not to packing. However, if the plant is fixed on the support, it is better to form his main escape from him, and clean the sinuses from the processes. Not all steps can also be removed, but leave some small, containing no more than 6 nodes – this method is suitable for hybrids or varieties pollinated by insects. A good solution will form an inverted pyramid on the open ground. In this case, the 1st and 2nd sinuses from the steps are cleaned, and in the 3rd and 4th they pumped up to the pair of nodes. All subsequent processes are allowed to reach 40 centimeters.
Self-polished varieties are invited to post on triangular support. In this case, rising by 30-40 centimeters above the ground level, it will be necessary to crop all the leaflets. From 40 to 80 cm are completely clipped steps, but leaves and launching of the main stem is left in proportion. Height from 80 to 120 cm requires preservation of 1 marks and a sheet already on lateral shoots. Measics themselves pinch, reaching the length of 20 centimeters. At the height of CO 120 to 150 cm, lateral shoots retain already 2-3 marks and 2-3 sheets, and everything else is pumped. Finally, everything that is above is preserved unchanged.
In the greenhouse or greenhouse, the “Dedovskaya” scheme of trimming is often used, ideally suitable for highly branching varieties pollinated by bees. Starting with the removal of all shoots that have arisen up to 4 sheets. Next, waiting for the formation of 7-9 sheets, you will have to pinch the main stem. At this stage, it is customary to leave the top three strong side shoots, and the rest – to clean. On the remaining stepsing, they leave 4 nodes, after which they are definitely pushed. In order for the “grandfather” scheme optimally worked, it should also be placed faring out the grid, according to which the side processes can crawl up.
Follow the classic packing scheme on the closed soil is simple and accessible. With it, it will be possible to arrange parthenokarpic hybrids, as well as those breeding results that are pollinated by bees and in moderate branch. Following the algorithm step by step, you should only start working when the main beach will stretch to 50 centimeters and will form the first 3-4 leaves. At this stage, it is necessary to cut absolutely all the steps and the root of the barring, but to leave the leaf plates.
When the height of the cucumber will reach 1 meter, it is time to eliminate the lower sheets, already cleaned from lateral shoots. At the top of the shoulder at this time remains one bounce on each sinus.
The height of the plant, equal to one and a half meters, is the signal that only 2 leaves should be left on the side shoots and two wounds, eliminating all the rest. Finally, the number of nodes is reduced to 3 pieces, and when the bush stretches for 2 meters, step-down will have, in general, stop, throwing a vacuum through a glorus, or having complaining it.
For growing on the highlight of parthenokarpic varieties was invented “Danish umbrella”. This scheme requires dividing the main branch into three parts: the first will contain from 1 to 5 sheets, the second – from 5 to 9 sheets and, finally, the third – from 9 to 20 sheet. The first is freed from everything: and from all side shoots, and from the barring. On the second – the stepsings are completely cut off, and each node is left on one margin. The most complicated with the third fragment: from 9 to 14 sheets are preserved by 2 promises for each sinus. In 14 sinuses are removed, but the stepper remains. In the future, when a pair of leaflets will be formed on it, it will be necessary to discharge.
From 15 to 20 sinuses, the processing is carried out in the same way, but there are already 2 short stepsing, between which at least one node is. Steying in 20 sinuses does not touch, but pumped at the achievement of 8 full-fledged leaves. Upon completion of the procedure, the main beach is placed on the Tremers. From her tops are counted leaflets, and is determined by the second. Stepper, appearing from its sinus, does not touch the formation of 5 sheets, and after it pumped. Weavers continue allow you to form three stepsing of the second queue, on which after the third sheet, in general, the growth point is removed.
Finally, In the greenhouse, it is convenient to adhere to the “One Sleeper” scheme, designed for bakery and bunch of parthenocarpic varieties, but not suitable for those species that are pollinated by insects. Up to the sinuses of 4 sheets, all the side stems and wounds are removed, and from 4 to 17 – the steps are cut off, and the wounds are saved. Those processes that are formed between 18 and 20 sinuses are picked up to 2 sheets. Cuccut whip is fixed on the choplet, and its top is pumped upon reaching the required length.
It should be mentioned that the windowsill and on the balcony the culture should also be paesing, timely removing the growing mustache.
Cucumbers selected for steaming require special care. Water treated bushes are better only to the water that is taken from the lake or river. This specification contains a minimum amount of salt that negatively affects plants. If you still use tap water, then it needs to be given to stand out – dial from the evening, and leave until the morning. It is no less important that the fluid is not cold, since the ice moisture injures the roots of cucumbers, as a result of which the development of the culture slows down, and the taste characteristics of the fruits deteriorate.
Warm up the water is not necessary – it is enough to give her to warm up naturally for a few hours, placing in the sun, removing in a greenhouse or enters the house. The optimal temperature is recognized as that that does not go beyond the boundaries of 18-20 degrees. Too hot fluid also negatively affects the state of cucumbers. It will be right to water the plants after steaming it in the morning – so the water will be for several degrees warmer land.
When the bushes stop the formation of uncens, which usually happens in the second half of summer, they will need to be filled. Many gardeners prefer a popular recipe, requiring soaking fish waste in water with a ratio of 1: 2. The mixture is left in the dark and warmth before the occurrence of the foam, and then the ashes is supplemented so that a glass of powder was filled into each liter. The jet of the resulting mixture is directed under the root, after which you can start steaming. To disputes of fungi do not get into the stem wound, it can be sprayed with copper-containing “Oxychom”. By the way, after the procedure, it will be useful to remove dried, damaged or sick leaves.
The land near the cucumber bushes should regularly frustrate, especially on hot days, when the cooler soil is rapidly turning into a crust that does not miss oxygen. Equally important is the elimination of weeds depriving the culture of nutrients. Pasking, which is a stress procedure, is better accompanied by feeding culture.