Growing radish

Radita Growing – Process is quite simple, accessible even by novice gardening. It can be carried out not only on the open and closed soil, but at home.

How to grow in the open soil?

Most often, radishes are still grown in the garden, since this method does not require the creation of additional heating and lighting. Planting culture can be carried out from the moment when the air temperature warms up to +5 degrees, which corresponds to mid-April. However, such an early landing must be accompanied by the protection of the beds with a dense film, creating a greenhouse effect. If the temperature rises to +15 degrees, then the additional protection of the vegetable will not need, but it matures for a shorter time. Some gardeners prefer to plant culture by parties, withstanding the gap of 7 days, which allows regularly collecting ripe root roots.

According to the requirements of agrotechnics, culture you need a well-lit place protected from drafts. Radish can not be placed on the beds, where the cabbage, radish, repa or other cruciferous. The plant will require loose soil with low acidity (from 7 to 7.4 units).

The reduced pH level is normalized by adding wood ash. Also, if only alumina is present on the site, it is required to overcoat with peat and sand.

For radish, a special grooves are prepared for a depth of 3 centimeters. Among themselves they must be separated by 15 centimeters. The deepening is irrigated, after which they are filled with seeds, the gap between which reaches 3 centimeters. The land on the site is smoothed, thereby hiding the planting material, after which it is murdered by humus and, if necessary, is covered with a transparent film.

Features of culture care emphasize the special importance of regular irrigation. The frequency of irrigation is determined depending on the state of the soil – it must be wet, but without an excess provoking concrete processes. It is important to remember that due to insufficient departure of moisture, the fruits crack and become bitter, and the plant itself sends all its efforts to no longer so the necessary extension of green mass. If the preceding in the fall is breeding with the addition of peat, compost and sand, then over the season for the culture there will be enough one feeding. Not particularly appropriate composition of the soil requires more frequent fertilizer.

If the above-ground part of the shoots has a weak-green color, then culture will require nitrogen-containing complexes. Small fruit size, but good greenery signals that the radish is more suitable for a mixture containing potassium and phosphorus. Circums can be sprinkled with wood ash, after which it richly irrigated, and shed irrigible and dilute chicken litter. It will also be a herbal infusion, a few days who looked at the sun.

Regularly bedding will have to cut forward so that the gap between the roots is maintained from 3 to 10 centimeters depending on the diameter of the radishes. Remove not only sick and damaged specimens, but also those that weakened or measured in development. Soldering is allowed from the moment on the sprouts will be born on a pair of leaves.

If necessary, the plants are passed, and after watering the soil necessarily frills so that the root system receives the necessary oxygen. The procedure should be carried out with great care, so as not to harm developing roots.

It should be mentioned about the possibility of pre-growing the seedlings of culture, which, after will only be transported to open ground. For this method, the most commemorative varieties are most sustainable. Sowing seeds is carried out in February-March or from August to September. The disinfected and pre-clumsy material is planted into the light nutritional soil and covered with a food film or glass. After the appearance of the sprouts, they hardened over a couple of days, and then put in heat. If necessary, shortly before landing in open ground is a dive.

Growing in Teplice

The technology of growing radish in the greenhouse looks similar. For closed soil, it is customary to choose varieties that are not afraid of high humidity, as well as capable of developing in conditions of insufficient lighting. Sowing is carried out earlier than compared to the open soil, especially if there is a heating system in the greenhouse – you can start from February. For culture, deep beds are prepared, capable of accommodating the root of the plant, reaching a length of 25 centimeters. Also suitable racks filled with containers or special cassette structures. The planting material is pre-soaked in one-lending manganese solution. Earth in a garden is exposed to a similar fluid.

For successful cultivation, radishes will have to stay at a temperature of 18 degrees during the daytime and 10 degrees at night. Watering can be carried out as every day and once every 3-4 days – the exact mode depends on the situation. To use for this purpose only heated water is allowed. It is possible to fertilize the culture with ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, sulfate sulfate or humus.

Fresh manure is not suitable as a fertilizer, as it is able to provoke a root system burn.

How to grow at home?

If you put radishes into containers on the balcony or even the windowsill, then enjoy the harvest will turn out all year round. However, it will correctly choose that grade that is intended for such specific conditions – “Champion”, “16 days” or “Diego”.

Conditions

If culture growing will be carried out on the southern window windowsill, then containers with seeds have been allowed to have it already in January. In the event that windows that look at the West or East are involved, landing will have to postpone until February. For vegetable it is extremely important that the light day makes about 12 hours. In case of insufficient lighting, special lamps will come to the rescue, and in the summer, with an excess of light, the root, the root will need to hide under the dark web from 17:00 and until the morning. The optimal temperature for radish is +18 degrees.

Methods

Only healthy material is suitable for landing. Select the brown grains to be selected, since the gray shade testifies to exceeding the shelf life. Suitable seeds fall into the water, after which those that pop up are completely emitted. Seeds that have come to the bottom, then withstand about 20 minutes in a single criminal solution. Source for radishes is preparing from the usual land or peat in the amount of 2 parts, 4 parts by humus and 1 part of the sand. It is also processed by manganese or heats up or freeze.

Directly for growing vegetables, it is customary to use special cassettes or trays, plastic cups or ordinary containers. They must have a sufficient depth, so that the layer of filled land is 35 centimeters, and the place remained from the top to sleep soil. Since such tanks are quite difficult to detect in the first thing that has fallen, you can use plastic bottles, in each of which will be posted one seed. Egg cells for this culture are not suitable, as they have insufficient dimensions.

In the filled ground, the container with already cut holes is digging well, the depth of which does not exceed 1.5 centimeters. After it is supposed to be seeds, it will only be to dissolve the surface so as to hide the material. The homemade bed is irrigated and tightened by the food film until the first leaflets appear.

Watering

Water radishes growing at home, it follows moderately, waiting for the soil drying. In the summer, the surface can be treated from the pulverizer, but the drops will not fall on the sheets. Watering should be completed good loosening and extracting land in the stalk zone.

Podkord

7 days after the occurrence of leaves, the culture is proposed to be filled with a mineral complex. Granules dissolve in water and are used for irrigation of the soil, and each tablespoon should be divorced in 10 liters of water.

Timing of ripening

The timing of culture ripening is largely dependent on the characteristics of the variety. For example, the ultrasound radishes of a variety of “18 days” grows literally not by day, but by the hour – you can collect root crops after 3 weeks later. By the way, he is famous and good yield – from each square meter it is possible to get up to 2.5 kilograms. Quickly boils and hybrid “Children’s F1” – in 16 days. For ripening of early varieties takes about a month. So, to collect rounded juicy vegetables “heat” is obtained already after 20-25 days, and “Polinka” makes harvest even earlier, after 3 weeks.

For mid-range varieties, a little longer is required: 22 days for radish “Cranberry” and 3 weeks for “Zlata”. LateVier radishes matures from 1 to 1.5 months. The preparedness of the fetus to the collection is determined by its size – the diameter should be at least 2.5 centimeters.

By the way, the life expectancy of the culture itself is only a year or two.

Diseases and pests

As radishes grow pretty rapidly, this short period usually passes without disease. However, in some cases, the fruits are still covered with mucus and acquire an unpleasant smell. This problem is solved easily and simply – processing beds with 1 percent bordrian liquid. If the sheet plates are yellowing, dry out or fade, they are proposed to be treated with limescale. With black and twistful stems helps to cope with the onion.

If the tops of the plants are tugged, and the roots are covered with growths, it means that the problem is in keel – fungal disease developing on acidic soil. In addition, the culture may suffer from white rot, worsening the characteristics of the fetus, mildew, covering sheets whipped with a specific smell, and mosaic deforming a bush.

For the prevention of similar troubles, the beds are regularly treated with ash or tobacco dust.

The most common pests include cabbage butterfly, fly and mole, fleece and clutch. Cruciferous fleece covers leafy plates holes. To combat them the soil on the garden regularly frills and sprinkled with red pepper powder. Capping fly spoils fruit, creating grooves and grooves in them. Get rid of the larvae of this pest helps the distribution over the surface of the bed of tobacco dust connected to the ash or the mixture of mustard and ground pepper. Slug and Snails eaten the Bott.

So that insects do not fall into bed at all, traps are prepared for them with a pushed shell or suspended tapes self-flicks.

Possible problems

The bitter taste of the root crust occurs due to the insufficient irrigation of the growing bush, and the appearance of fibrous pulp testifies to the excess temperature of the soil or irregularity of watering.

Culture goes into an arrow due to population thickening. The reason can also be the use of flowering varieties in the hot season. Empties in the fruits are formed due to the use of fresh organic or insufficient irrigation.

Radish stretches up when he lacks light. In this case, it is possible only one thing – to establish additional lighting devices. In some cases, it is found that the bush has stretched out due to too high temperatures. Green mass extension with insufficient root development – result of excess nitrogen.

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