Grapes Zilga

  • Authors: Paul Sukatnik, Latvia
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Berry color: blue
  • Taste: Isabelle
  • Ripening time (filter): Very early
  • Ripening time, days: 102-108
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -25
  • Weight bunchy, g: 320-400
  • Type of flower: Oboy
  • Tasting rating, points: 7,1

See all the characteristics

Grapes Zilga varieties are wonderful for cooking. The drink is saturated dark red. Separately, it is worth noting the sophisticated and captivative flavor.

History of removal

The variety called Zilga appeared in the early 60s of the last century. He was created by a breeder from Latvia Paul Sukatniki by crossing three varieties: Darkovanka plus a mixture of pollen varieties Motion Zila and anniversary Novgorod. By using frost-resistant varieties, a new grade received their endurance and other characteristics. And Zilga has acquired resistance to diseases and fragrant fruits.

Geography distribution

This species is growing great in his homeland in Latvia. And also grown in Canada, Estonia, Sweden and Hungary. On the territory of the post-Soviet space, vineyards can be found in Belarus and different regions of Russia.


This variety is considered universal due to the fact that the fruits can be used both in fresh form and for cooking. This is a stripped plant with three-bladed saturated green leaves. On the territory of the Baltic States, grapes are used as a living hedge, as well as for decorating terraces, balconies and arbors.

Ripening time

Garden culture refers to early ripening varieties. Ripening period has from 102 to 108 days. Thanks to the short vegetation period, it is possible to obtain a crop not only in the territory of the Moscow region, as well as in Siberia and the Leningrad region.


Ripe clusters have a cylindrical shape with a wing. Some clusses may be cone. Density indicator – medium or high. The weight of fruits varies from 320 to 400 grams. On one branch, a maximum of 3 clusters is formed.

Note: High density negatively affects the preservation of fruits, and they begin to rot. To protect the harvest, it needs to be treated with a solution with a content of aspirin. Work is carried out in the process of ripening berries and at the beginning of flowering.


Berries stain in a dark blue color. Acidity indicator – from 4.5 to 5 g / dm³. Sugar – from 180 to 220 g / dm³. Skin – dense. Weight of one berry – about 4 grams. Size – large. The flesh pulp. Fruits have the form of oval. Inside is 2-3 large bones.


The fruits of this variety have a sour-sweet taste. Experts celebrated a lightweight and pleasant nutmeg taste, you can also catch strawberry notes. So that the berries were less acidic, they need to be assembled from August to September. Many compare this taste with a famous variety of Isabella. Evaluation of tasters – 7.1 points.


With a competent care from one adult bush, you can collect up to 12 kilograms of fruits. At the expense of the early term of ripening berries, the ground can be collected at the end of July or early August. Experts recommend leaving the harvest on branches for a while – so they will be sweeter and tastier. With warm and dry autumn, the berries left on branches lose moisture and turn into raisins.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Grapes Zilga


You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Grapes Zilga


Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

This variety is a stronger, and it must be taken into account when cultivating culture. Gardeners celebrate a high percentage of fruitless shoots – from 80 to 85. On the bushes leave from 30 to 40 eyes. To receive a stable harvest, you need to fulfill all requirements for cultivation.


Landing can be spent in spring or autumn. During this time, the plant will have time to adapt to weather conditions and will feel comfortable. On the territory of the Northern Regions, it is recommended to land in the spring. Once frosts finally pass, grapes planted on a permanent location. In the northwestern lane to work in early June. If it is decided to plant grapes in the fall, it is necessary to do it before the start of frost.

When landing in a spring season, a pit is prepared in the fall:

  • The most suitable place is a sunny plot that is completely protected from wind and drafts;

  • The optimal depth of the fertile layer is 70 centimeters;

  • In the soil, it is necessary to plug the sand if the soil is clay or severe;

  • The average depth of the pit is 60 centimeters, the drainage layer is laid on the bottom;

  • Fill the pit with a mixture – compost, horse manure and garden land;

  • Cover the pit with a dense and dark film.

Before starting landing, you need to remove excess soil from the site.

Grapes Zilga


In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Grapes Zilga

Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Grapes Zilga

Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Grapes Zilga

Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Grapes Zilga


The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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During the flowering period, the plant is covered by hay flowers. Due to this, grapes can be polished independently. It is recommended to plant several bushes of this variety next to each other.


Zilga grapes develops very quickly, so he needs intensive trimming. The borders are formed on the growth of the current year. In the boundaries of the northern regions, special attention should be paid to two-year and annual shoots. Annual trimming is necessarily held in the fall. While working on the shoot, leave 5 to 7 kidneys. With the advent of summer pinch excessively long branches. And also remove unnecessary and damaged shoots. Young bushes, whose age consists of two years, is practically not cut.


For young bushes of grapes you need to organize a systematic watering. This variety grows remarkably and develops on moderately moistened soil. In hot weather it is necessary to periodically water the plant, not allowing soil drying. When forming, Watering Watering must be stopped.

Stagnation of moisture this species does not tolerate. Small grooves around the perimeter will help get rid of excess water.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Grapes Zilga

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Grapes Zilga

Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Once every three years need to feed the bushes. It is recommended to use organic compositions. In a half-meter from the strain around the perimeter, you need to dig a groove. Horse or cow manure is laid in it. After the groove you need to neatly sprinkle with soil. Feature grapes in the spring – on one bush use roughly bucket of manure.

When the period of flowering comes to an end, grapes are fed by phosphorus. Under the bush make a glass of ash. As well as ash recommended to feed the plant in the fall. Potassium contained in its composition will help grapes prepare for winter, 300 grams of ash will be quite enough to fit one plant.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

Zilga’s grade is not afraid of frosts and can tolerate frost to 25 degrees Celsius below zero. Grapes are considered to be disappointed, but in the territory of the Leningrad region and the Moscow region it is recommended to protect the root system. To do this, use the bootfish and pruning shoots. Shelter grapes in Siberia and other regions with severe and long winter.

Diseases and pests

Grapes have good resistant to various fungal diseases. Despite this, do not forget about simple preventive measures. Processing with special compositions is also necessary in adverse weather conditions.

Grapes Zilga

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Grapes Zilga> “>

Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Store the collected fruits is needed in a cool place away from sunlight. Wooden boxes are perfect. Such tanks help avoid harvesting. And the berries are remarkably transferred long-term transportation. They retain taste, beneficial properties and commodity appearance.

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