- Authors: AND. G. Pavlyuchenko, M.G. Chekmareva GNU “All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. I.AND. Potapenko “Rosselhozakadhemni, g. Novocherkassk
- Purpose: Technical
- Berry color: Navy blue
- Taste: Specific, tart
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Rannestered
- Ripening time, days: 130-135
- Frost resistance, ° C: -18
- Synonyms names: Fragile Brush, Pear, Black, Black Wine, Tsimlyansky
- Weight bunchy, g: 110-160
See all the characteristics
Many grown grapes on their sites. Currently distinguished varieties of berries, one of which is Tsimlyansky black. In addition to its direct purpose – eating and fabrication of wine, culture perfectly protects against heat. From the vine creates green canopies, under which a pleasant to relax in the summer.
History of removal
Breeders I. G. Pavlyuchenko and M. G. Chekmareva at the GNU “All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. I. AND. Potapenko »brought a new grade by crossing the shoulder and coast white. Works were conducted on the basis of Rossel Chojakademim. Novocherkasska. New grade called Tsimlyansky black.
In addition to the main name, grapes are called:
To the use of gardeners, the new grade was allowed in 1959.
Variety Tsimlyanian black grown in the wine-growing areas of Kuban. Delicious grapes grows on the Taman Peninsula. Berry grows in the Rostov region – Don Valley, in the Krasnodar Territory, Crimea, in the North Caucasus.
Tsimlyansky black – grapes of red grapes of technical purposes. Lovoid leaves have a three- or five-bladed shape with pointed edges. Color Dark green with gray chop. Bush with medium growth force. In height can reach 5 meters.
The growing season is not more than 135 days. Tsimlyansky black refers to early grades, and fruits ripen already at the end of summer.
Cylindroconic brush shape, medium-power. On average, the weight of the Brozdy ranges from 110 to 160 grams. The bunch is kept on a thin fragile leg and easily cleaned. Hence the name fragile brush.
Dark saturated blue berries, it seems that they are black. Grapes grows to medium sizes. Size of one berry 13.3×13.1 mm. Weighs one fruit 1.0-1.3 grams. Most often rounded shape, less frequently weakly. Short acute Pupovina in the shape of a spike no more than 1 mm.
Under the skin of the middle density is a cartilaginous pulp with two bones inside. Taste specific, tart with velvety chocolate aftertaste. Sugarity is 210 g / dm. Acidness 7.8 g / dm.
Vine agrees well. The percentage of fruitless shoots is 70. Variety varieties Tsimlyansky black with good agrotechnology can reach from 40 to 60 c / ha. In a arid area, the value decreases to 30-45 centners / ha. Escape Fruction Coefficient 0.6-1.0.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Tsimlyanian black is actively developing with good lighting and presence support. Grapes are afraid of drafts, so it is necessary to choose a place with a smaller influence of the northern winds.
The new grade prefers the soil rich in microelements and loose land. Best version of the Supa Foothies, Suglice Soil. Pits make deep up to 80 cm. To the bottom necessarily lay down the humus. Distance between bushes need to leave at least 1.5 meters.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Flower type Ozoeple. To enhance pollination near grapes Tsimlyansky black it is recommended to plant an authonny (aboriginal) grade.
Regular trimming of 5 kidneys every year. In this case, the bush is given the right form.
This variety has high indicators to smoke and gas-resistance. Plant easily withstands heat and drought. In such conditions, sugarness is gaining faster. Watering is carried out in spring and autumn to protect the roots from the freezing:
In the first year, seedlings are watered in the evening once a week from 5 to 20 liters on the bush;
in a month, watering is reduced to once every two weeks;
After ripening berries, watering stopped and moisturize the ground in late autumn.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Tsimlyansky black requires mineral and organic fertilizers. To ordinary mineral belongs to ammonia nitrate and potash salt. To complex – nitroposka. You can use special ready-made comprehensive fertilizers for grapes.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Tsimlyanian black grade withstands frost to -18 ° C. At lower temperatures it is necessary to cover the plant and create another layer of snow cover from the top. In the event that the root system will suffer from frost, in the future grapes skins the kidneys.
Diseases and pests
Grapes Tsimlyansky black is very amazed Mildew. It has a weak resistance to oidium. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out a complex of measures to prevent diseases of this culture.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Wines made from a variety of Tsimlyansky black can be stored in a barrel of about 2 years. With this method of storage, wine becomes better. Because of the large percentage of Sugarity of grapes of this variety, they create bipes with more acidic varieties.
Grapes Tsimlyanian black one of the best wine varieties, but demanding of care. In compliance with all the conditions for the correct care and prevention measures, it will bring a big harvest. The taste of wine prepared from this variety will not compare with any other. All efforts to grow grapes of Tsimlyansky black will pay off with a rich harvest.