Grapes Taldun

  • Authors: Grechko M.BUT., Ukraine, S.Primorsky Zaporizhia region
  • Purpose: Table
  • Berry color: Dark red or red-purple
  • Taste: harmonious
  • Ripening time (filter): Early
  • Ripening time, days: 100-110
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -23
  • Weight bunchy, g: 582
  • Type of flower: Oboy
  • Luna density: Middle density

See all the characteristics

Taldun – one of the popular grape varieties used by gardeners for any purpose. It is recommended to both beginners and professionals, because the care of the bushes does not require greater experience and special skills.

History of removal

Test grape kennels in with. Primorskoye, located in the Zaporizhia region, became the main experimental basis for the outstanding breeder of modernity. They are Honored Vinogradar Mikhail Grechko, famous for its interesting works in this direction of the development of crops. The Kakhovsky reservoir area is perfectly suitable for the composition of soil and climate to grow grape varieties intended for further distribution in the middle lane of Eastern Europe. The hybrid called Taldun was obtained by crossing two varieties – Talisman and Dunn, receiving its name from the first syllables of parental species.

Description

The hybrid grape variety Taldun is distinguished by frost resistance, which allows it to grow it mainly in the average climatic strip. Large clusters of conical shape ripen in early August. Bushes are quickly leaving for a new place and differ in strong growth of strong shoots. Despite the relatively thin skin, berries are not lightering in particular rainy seasons. The coloring berries of grapes resembles the original variety of units – its fruits of the same rich red color with a bluish sampling. The flesh of the berries has a pleasant sweet taste and is great for consuming both as a fruit dessert, and in the form of juice and preparation of various alcoholic beverages.

Ripening time

Taldong grapes is a early grade, which is important for its cultivation in the most northern regions. The term of its total ripening is from 100 to 110 days. Mostly, the harvest has time to hate until autumn and is cleaned already at the end of the summer.

Brozdi

Breakdi grapes Taldong densely located on the bushes. They represent a conical shape with an average density of filling berries, which often stick to the parties from the main middle stem. The weight of one cluster, depending on the age of the bush and the conditions of growth, can be from 0.5 to 1.2 kg.

Berries

The fruits of the hybrid variety are large and in the form are elongated, conesoid or diamond. Red pulp is covered with light purple skin, which is beautifully shouted in the sun so that it can be darkened in the most thickened areas.

Taste

Berries of grapes have a dense, fleshy pulp, which slightly crumbs when biting. Despite the relatively thin peel of the berries, it is strong enough and does not cause problems when transporting collected products. Taste quality berries Taldun deserve praise due to the harmonious combination of fresh sourness with pleasant sweetness.

Yield

The new grade when passing tests showed high yield in the conditions of the south of Ukraine. Charges of ripe clamps there were from 130 to 140 centners per hectare. Even on three-year shoots, there are two clusters weighing from 0.5 kg. If the bush consists of 4-5 branches, then the crop from one young plant can reach 5 kg.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Grapes Taldun

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Grapes Taldun

Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

To land the grapes on the plots choose places warmer, preferably from the south side of the house and other buildings. It is better to plant bushes along the southern fence of the local area, when the sun will be well covered by landing, located in one row. On a flat plane of the Earth, it is not bad to make drainage grooves for removing excess water.

Landing

One or two-year-old saplings with kidneys are planted in the spring, after heating the soil. In the southern regions – in early May, and in the northern – at the end of the last spring month. Files for landing are preparing in advance – in 2-3 weeks, bringing in them humus with the addition of peat, compost, potassium chloride and superphosphate. After sprinkling the seedling with the prepared soil, it produces abundant irrigation.

Grapes Taldun

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Grapes Taldun

Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Grapes Taldun

Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Grapes Taldun

Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Grapes Taldun

Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

With a flowering of a hybrid variety, self-polling its flowers. But to obtain a good filling of the covers of the artificial grade berries, it is not bad to carry out an inximication of a bug that spend on the flowering plots of different bushes. Blossom continues for 10-12 days, and during this time artificial pollination must be carried out twice.

Trimming

The uncontrolled growth of the grape bush causes the appearance of a large number of shoots, due to which the consumption of moisture, sun, heat and nutrients decreases. To maintain high yields, a spring trimming is carried out, as a result of which leaves a certain number of shoots, from 2 to 5, with three kidneys on each of them. After the blooming and formation of the barriers begins the active growth of new branches, which pinch at the beginning of summer, so as not to overload the bushes with an excess green mass.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Grapes Taldun

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Grapes Taldun

Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Frost resistance and need for shelter

The hybrid variety was displayed specifically for areas with low winter temperatures and is capable of freezing of shoots to transfer cooling to -23 degrees. With the danger of even big frosts, the bush can be untied from the chopper and shoot a little shoots, which, with an additional shelter, the snow cover will be fine in winter.

Diseases and pests

Due to its hybrid origin, Taldun varieties received innate immunity to many characteristic diseases of the vine. But with incorrect agrotechnology and the absence of timely trimming, grapes can get sulfur with gray rotting, malicious dew on leaves or fungal anthracnose. Culture It is necessary to handle copper vitriol and lime mortar.

Grapes Taldun

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

The fruits of grapes have good technical qualities and can be maintained for a long time at low cellar temperatures or manufacturing storage. They are well tolerated transportation in wooden boxes.

Thanks to excellent taste, high yield, unpretentiousness to the conditions of transportation and storage, Taldun grapes has all the necessary qualities to grow it for market purposes.

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