Grapes super extra

  • Authors: Pavlovsky Evgeny Georgievich
  • Purpose: Table
  • Berry color: White, with full ripening yellow
  • Taste: harmonious
  • With bones: Yes
  • Ripening time (filter): Very early
  • Ripening time, days: 90-105
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -24
  • Synonyms names: Tsitrin
  • Weight bunchy, g: 500-1500

See all the characteristics

The grapes of the SUPER-EXCRA varieties are considered one of the most successful forms of crossing several types of berry crops of this type. It can be found in areas from almost all amateur gardeners and experienced breeders. Super Extra is undemanded in leaving, resistant to temperature modes, and most importantly – has a saturated taste. Next about the grade will be described in more detail.

History of removal

Super Extra variety was led back in the 90s of the last century by the Russian grapeter from the Rostov region by Evgeny Pavlovsky together with the scientist of the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. AND. Potapenko Ivan Kostrikin and a number of other specialists. Super Extra (synonym – citrine) appeared as a result of crossing two grape varieties under the names of the talisman and cardinal (+ mixture of pollen). 13 years after the elimination, this variety was registered in the state register of breeding achievements and patented by its creators.

Geography distribution

Due to the fact that this grape variety is one of the most unpretentious and does not require special care, it is grown by almost all of Russia, even in areas with a harsh climate. It brings fruit even in the cool season. As a result of the fact that its berries have a property fairly enough, Super Extra is suitable for breeding even in the regions where the plus temperature lasts a short period of time.

Description

This grape variety has strong bushes, covered with dense bark of a reddish hue. Escapes are characteristic of light shades of green and brown. The appearance of super-extra leaves has practically no distinctive features from the leaves of other grape varieties – smooth, medium size, dark green. Without pronounced dissection.

Ripening time

The first trial harvest of Super Extra can be expected on the second or third year after landing. Stably fruit culture starts for the fourth year. Super Extra grapes has a short ripening time, which is only 90-105 days after the appearance of the kidneys on the plant. At the same time, the bunches can hang on the bushes for a long time, not falling and not losing taste.

Brozdi

They have super extra-extra larger than other grape varieties. Have a cylindrical or cone-shaped. Characterized by increased rubbish. The average weight of one cluster varies within 500-1000 g. But with a favorable climate and proper care may exceed 1500 g.

Berries

Berries have a weakly egg-shaped and white color, then green, and when ripening takes a yellowish tint. Skin – medium density throughout the entire growth cycle of grapes.

This variety has large fruits with a smooth texture. One berry reaches a mass of 8-12 grams. Ripe fruit are characterized by yellow and with good lighting seems transparent.

Taste

Ripe Super Extra has a sweet harmonious taste. It reaches the most optimal taste characteristics in late July-early August. Berries do not knit in the mouth, and also do not have a pronounced aftertaste and sharp smell. Flesh meat and juicy and sahary. If you eat in food, no longer fruits, they will have an acidic taste, and dense skin can cause difficulties in chewing and swallowing berries.

Yield

Super Extra is characterized by high yield. For one season, a bush of this variety can bring up to 10 kilograms of berries. In the southern regions there are often cases when the level of yield exceeded 30 kilograms from the bush.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

More details

Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

More details

Features of cultivation

Super Extra does not require special care and is rightfully recognized by one of the most stable grape varieties. Like most types of berries, it is better to grown on the south side of the site. It is extremely important to trim the fruit arrows in a timely manner, since it is that that affects the growth and yield of culture, as well as the quality and taste of berries.

Landing

Culture can grow in almost any soil, but for the best results it is optimal to use light looser. To give it such characteristics you can mix peat with a small amount of sand or add humus. It is important that the soil is free from pests, since at the initial stages of grapes, they can cause it irreparable damage.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

More details

Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

More details

Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

More details

Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

More details

Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

More details

Pollination

Together with Super Extra, no additional cultures are required for polling, since this variety has a self-polls. Frequently, step-down steps are pollinated, which are formed after collecting the first harvest. At the same time, berries can be more compact, but have a rich taste.

Trimming

One of the most important activities in the care of super-extra is the trimming of the fruit shooter. It is recommended to do this in the spring months before the first harvest, and in the subsequent crop separate arrows as needed. It is best to produce this event in such a way that the load on one bush is not more than 30 eyes. The cutting length can vary from short to medium, but in any case, do not exceed 6-8 eyes. It also makes sense to break the weak shoots – it will facilitate the vegetative characteristics of the culture and improve the quality of the crop.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

More details

Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

More details

Frost resistance and need for shelter

Super Extra is distinguished by increased frost resistance. It feels well at temperatures up to -24 degrees, which allows not to take measures for its shelter in the cold season for residents of the southern regions and the central part of the country. Gudders living in the northern regions with a harsh climate will have to take care of the protection of plants from frosts using a mulching or frame design covered with film and fiber.

Diseases and pests

This grape variety is resistant to most diseases. It also moves well to attacks of various pests. The main danger that can cause significant damage to the plant – gray rot and oidium. These unpleasant diseases are characteristic of cultures growing in the northern regions, since the southern climate has a detrimental effect on their livelihoods. In order to prevent the lesion of super-extra-extra oidium, it is necessary to spray culture during the growth period with special solutions, a wide range of which is presented in any horticultural store. From gray rot, the drying of ashes helps well.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

More details

> “>

Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

More details

> “>

Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

More details

> “>

Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

More details

> “>

Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

More details

Storage

Super Extra grape variety is distinguished by high characteristics associated with its storage and transportation. Middle density skin reliably protects berries from mechanical damage and softening, due to which the grade can be stored in the refrigerator to two months.

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment