Grapes Solyaris

  • Authors: State Institute of Viticulture, Freyburg, Germany
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Berry color: White
  • Ripening time (filter): Very early
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -26
  • Easie damage: Unstable
  • Luna density: relatively loose
  • Appeared when crossed: Merzling x GM 6493 (Northern X Muscat Ottonel)
  • Berry shape: rounded
  • Sugar, g / dm³: in early September – 220, in October – 300

See all the characteristics

Solyaris grapes – one of the best representatives of universal varieties with excellent agrotechnical and organoleptic characteristics. The hybrid is known for the unpretentiousness, reliability and possibility of growing in cold climatic zones.

History of removal

A unique hybrid has been withdrawn by the German breeder of Becker from the State Institute of Viticulture in Freiburg, Germany, in 1975. As a maternal form – the combination of Muscat Ottonel and the North, the father’s line – a local complex-stable Merzling grade.

Geography distribution

Solaris is zoned for European countries – Germany, Romania, Latvia, Hungary. Successfully grown by gardeners in the temperate and northern regions of the Russian Federation. Excellent fruits in Tverskaya, Moscow, Rostov, Voronezh regions, but the Krasnodar region is considered an ideal climatic zone for him. After many years of varieties of Solaris was allowed to industrial cultivation in 2001.

Description

High-spirited bushes are increasing shoots and green mass, reaching the height of 5 m in 2 years. Vine is covered with green foliage of traditional shape. Grapes features a special taste and strong fruit aftertaste. The variety has increased resistance to many diseases, good frost resistance and versatility of use.

Originators managed to prove the law of Solaris to be considered a full-fledged representative of the noble type of Vitis Vinifera. This allowed the grade to acquire wide opportunities from cultivation in the European Union, where the manufacture of wines from interspecific hybrids is impossible, before distribution to other countries.

Grapes are characterized by a pleasant delicate taste, as well as high marketability. The main advantage of gardeners consider the ranks of the variety.

Ripening time

Solaris classified as a very early grade – it takes 105-115 days before the achievement of technical ripeness. The harvest is proceeded in early August.

Brozdi

Large cylindrical middle ground borders reach a value of 20-25 cm and more. The average weight of the brush is 300-400 g, but the observance of agrotechnics and with favorable weather conditions, the bunches are able to increase greater weight.

Berries

The medium-sized rounded white berries with a fragrant juicy flesh are covered with thin dense skin, almost not felt when eating and gaining a sufficient level of tannins upon achieving physiological ripeness. Sugarity berries increases as they smelled – in September 220, in October 300 g / dm³. Acidity 8.1 g / dm³. As the fruits are ripening, the amber shade is acquired.

Taste

Balanced acidity and sugar explains the harmonious pleasant taste – sweet, a little resembling pineapple.

Yield

The variety refers to a high-yielding – with a bush is collected from 3 to 5 kg with 1 m² and above. On average, 80-105 c / ha berries are collected on industrial vineyards.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

Due to the health fortress and frost resistance, solaris is grown in open ground using standard agrotechnical techniques.

Landing

The variety prefers sunny areas, well-protected from winds and drafts. In the northern regions, as well as in areas with minor, but frosty winters, use a trench method for landing. Such a reception perfectly protects the roots from the freezing. In the southern climate, grapes are grown on an open surface, sometimes lifting a rigorous circle in the form of a holloch.

For planting seedlings pre-prepare pits with a size of 80x80x100 centimeters with a drainage layer. The unpretentiousness of the plant allows you to land it on any soils, with the exception of swampy and salt soils. Like all grapes, Solaris does not tolerate closest neighborhood with groundwater and does not like to overvoltage.

The soil enriched with mineral and organic fertilizers is poured by a hormster in the pit and a seedlove is installed on top. His roots are pre-dipped in a cowboy and clay tank, and then gently spread them all over the surface of the soil. On top fall asleep the remaining earth, watching not to blow the root neck. After planting, the priority circle is abundantly spilled with warm water, after a couple of days, loosen and mulch.

For tall bushes, the placement scheme includes the distance between the seedlings from 2 m, between the rows – 3 m.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

The plant blooms with rim flowers and in additional events does not need.

Trimming

Starting from 3 years of age, sanitary and forming trimming is required for grapes.

Watering

The plant requires regular watering in moderate quantities. Bushes are watered as needed – in a dry period no more than 1 time per week for 20 liters of water under the bush, with a standard precipitation drops 3-4 times a season.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Subordinate

Adult bushes can not do without additional nutrition. It is necessary to introduce organic fertilizers by autumn popox and feeding with mineral complex compositions with watering or spraying.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

Frost resistance of the plant does not eliminate the gardeners of moderate climatic zones from the organization of protection of plants for the winter period. Adult plants having a worried trunk in the shelter do not need.

Diseases and pests

Despite the stability of solaris to many diseases, preventive treatment with fungicides and insecticides are required. From the attacks of birds use special inflexible grids that protect feathered from injury, and fruit from smooth. From OS is eliminated by folk methods and the destruction of nests.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

The collected harvest retains its qualities in a well ventilated room with a stable temperature +3.4 ° C to 3 months.

Review reviews

In his reviews, gardeners celebrate varieties not only because of the taste and technical qualities, but also due to its decorativeness – beautiful amber berries and the shape of brushes hanging from high escapes. Northerners appreciate him for frost resistance, the ability to grown when other varieties do not survive.

Those who have already mastered this variety are satisfied with the high surgery of seedlings, active growth, powerful and beautiful bushes, high stable crops of fragrant and sweet berries. Not all gardeners are engaged in the manufacture of wine, but the grade is suitable for consuming in a fresh form, for billets in the form of juices and compotes.

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