- Authors: France
- Purpose: Technical
- Berry color: black
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): average
- Frost resistance, ° C: -18
- Synonyms names: Shiraz, Series, Servan Black, Pie Sira, Hermitage
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: Middle density
- Appeared when crossed: Mondez Blanche x Double
See all the characteristics
Shiraz – the sixth most popular grape variety in the world. Suitable for the manufacture of red and pink wines with a unique exquisite bouquet. Known called: Series, Serin, Serin Black, Pie Sira, Hermitage, Kandiv, Marsan Noir, Inen Noir, Antinsurn, Plan de La-Bjon, Bion, Balzine, Rossissimo, Wisen, Lancelotta, Ancelotta.
History of removal
One of the most ancient varieties. Accurate date of appearance is not installed. The origin was determined using DNA analysis. Genetics installed: The variety occurs when the red grapes was mixed in the red grapes and a white modese blanche in the area of Northern Ron (Southeast France).
Cultivate in Russia in the Krasnodar Territory, in the Crimea: Alma Valley, Kacha, Belbek.
Craz grade grown for winemaking. Characterized by low yield. Withstands temperature differences, weather shift, resistant to a number of diseases. Adapts to different climatic conditions.
Differs moderate growth force. It is characteristic of the mid-grade bushes with small rounded leaves of c three or five blades, the well-solid bottom, weakly pubescent. The surface of the sheet is brilliant bright green color with light veins. When cooling, buds and wounds can crumble.
The grade blooms late, but the berries are affected by. Refers to medium-late varieties: the period of fruit formation is 145-160 days. Create a harvest can already since August.
Brushes compact, in the form of a conical cylinder, not very dense. Berries do not preserve. Weigh from 115 to 150 g.
Iscin-black, small, slightly oval, covered with dense bluish bloom. Diameter from 1.2-2 cm, and weight from 1.3-2.3 g. The skin is thick, rich in tannins and coloring substances. Meat with juicy light not painted, small bones. Clean juice content – 75% of the total weight of the fruit.
Harmonious, concentrated, in aroma and aftertaste. Contains a lot of sugar – 200 g per 1 dm3, moderately acidic – 5.5-6.5 g per 1 dm3. Taste shades are changing from age: the young grapes have spicy pepper notes, and the 10-year-old vines appear shades of black fruits.
Not bad indices of yield – on one vine formed 2-3 clusters. To obtain drinks with high taste quality, it is necessary to limit fruiting. If the ripe brushes do not collect on time, the special aroma and tartness are lost.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Favorable average daily temperature for cultivation +17 degrees Celsius. Grows on any soil type. Depending on the cultivation area, new shades of taste acquire. Fruit for over a hundred years.
Planted on areas protected from wind. Need support and warm solar place, preferably on the slope. Consistent temperature changes affect the timing of ripening. Good grows on soils containing active limestone. With close soil waters, it is recommended to make drainage.
Planted in spring or autumn before the onset of cold. Grokes are drunk, the potash fertilizers, compost, humus are introduced under each seedling.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Has rolled flowers that are well reversible. During flowering, the temperature should not fall below +14 degrees. After pollination, the wounds appear late. With unfavorable weather, part of the flowers does not develop in maritime and berry.
Before swelling the kidneys, dry, damaged vines. Spring Long shoots need to cut, leaving the strongest. Summer pinch tips so that they do not grow more than 1.7 m. After harvesting also cut. For the winter make short trimming.
Plants poorly transfer low moisture level in soil. Plants requires Narnish irrigation: 4-5 buckets on 1 bush every two weeks. The perfect option is a drip watering.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Conduct several times per season: Early spring to swelling – humid and superphosphate 10: 1, after flowering – aqueous solution with superphosphate and associate, after the formation of zins – liquid organic fertilizers. In the absence of rains spray every 2 weeks with a solution of urea when pouring the covers. After the harvest is removed, it is fed by a pricing solution with a solution of manure.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Does not differ in frost resistance, up to -22 degrees, poorly tolerate freezing. High-quality shelter for the winter is recommended, for spring makes a lighter species. For the winter, they are placed on the rush structures, on top covered with spruce vegetable or geotextile.
Diseases and pests
Inclined to chlorosis. Amazed by ticks and gray rot. The foliage spray insectoacaricides. In the average degree withstanding Mildue and Oidium. In the spring, they are treated with special equipment, nitroposk, “Kemiru” scattered near the rolling circle,.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The collected clusters are stored in a cool place 4-5 months without loss of species and taste. Long-term transportation withstand.