- Authors: OV “VINDAL ELITE”, Ukraine
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Navy blue
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 115-120
- Frost resistance, ° C: -22
- Synonyms names: 50-21-73, SK-73
- Weight bunchy, g: 600-800
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Grapes Richelie immediately attracts attention to its name. But it is important to find out how well he shows himself, whether the expectations will justify. We must familiarize yourself with the information and about taste, and about the specifics of cultivation, and about other subtleties of this culture.
History of removal
The main breeding work took place in the grape elite. Ukrainian breeders took the score of the grade of Strayshe and Code. It is worth noting that Richelieu has 2 synonyms at once: SK-73 and digital index 50-21-73. The focus was paid to achieve the most early ripening of full berries.
The variety deservedly loved Ukrainian agrarians. Russian vineyards, he also did not bypass the party. And even in the Caucasus, where his own winery culture flourishes for a long time, Richelieu also took a worthy place. For other territories, the grade is not zoned, the cultivation is carried out at their own risk.
Richelieu has gravily and powerful bushes. Vine light brown, grows 3 meters in height. Its thickness is 5 centimeters. Leaves have a rich green color.
This indicator is in most cases from 115 to 120 days. But it is necessary to understand that this is nothing more than an approximate landmark. In a concrete year, grapes can sleep as before and later, depending on weather conditions. Required amount of active temperatures – 2700 degrees. And yet, in general, the variety deservedly refers to a very early group.
Visually brush Richelieu resembles a cone. Most clouds are moderately dense. Loose copies occur infrequently. Mass of the brush can vary from 0.6 to 0.8 kg. Such an unpleasant moment as a forceing is completely excluded.
The main information about them is as follows:
- Dark blue expressive color;
- oval configuration;
- The mass is from 9 to 11 g;
- Size – 30-31×26-27 mm.
Richelieu is tight, but quite edible. Fleshy and juicy flesh leaves a pleasant feeling. She has an invariably harmonious taste. Tastors celebrate the sweetness of berries. They have and comfortable sweet and sweet aftertaste.
The number of fruits in grapes Richelieu is pretty great. 1 Escape accounts for from 0.9 to 1.5% of the covers. But the achievement of the maximum result is provided only with the competent leaving for the plant. And this moment you need to pay no less attention than the basic characteristics.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Richelieu refers to varieties that require regular care. Watering is extremely important and timely feeding by phosphorus-potash fertilizers.
This variety is planted only on well heated areas. Southwestern orientation is preferable for him. Optimal landing date – autumn. But it is necessary to do this in the first September days to get out of the offensive of frosts. Unacceptable to choose places bloomed by winds.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
The fact that the grade contains hay flowers becomes its advantage. In normal conditions need to additionally pollinate plants simply no. If things go worse, you will have to bring bee hives. But in many cases, sufficiently disembarking of honey plants.
A strong growth of culture makes the resort to such an extent always. Trim vines need up to 10 eyes. The formation of the plant should be repeated regularly. About 25% of green shoots leave without clutch. This allows you to maximize the power to other branches.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
The originators declared the temperature limit in -27 degrees. But precautions in viticulture are not unnecessary. At the occurrence of early colds, it is necessary to cover the culture of straw or hay. Old sections of grape bushes use unacceptable. They will only become a favorable shelter for dangerous parasites.
Diseases and pests
The overall resistance to fungi is great. However, “Cardinal” grapes are sometimes susceptible to gray rot. Birds can be stopped using grids. Be sure to deal with the axis. Also necessary to carry out processing against:
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The readiness of the berry to the collection is assessed to their taste, and not in color. In the cool ventilated rooms, the harvest can be saved for 2-3 months. Need to use refrigerators no. Longer storage is possible after processing. From the grapes of Richelieu do both ordinary winter blanks and homemade wines.