- Authors: Harold Olmo, California, USA
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Red
- Taste: nice, simple, harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): late
- Ripening time, days: 140-155
- Frost resistance, ° C: -22
- Synonyms names: Rose LTO (Rose LTO), 10-23D, Globo Rooo, Red Earth, Red Globe
- Weight bunchy, g: 1000
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
One of the most grown over the world grape varieties Red Glong is highly appreciated by breeders, and ordinary customers. The spectacular view of the covers, a pleasant refreshing combination of sweetness and acids in berries, recognizable tint of the peel – all makes it attractive to growing. And grapes occurs under the names of Red Globe, Red Earth, Globo Rozo, Rose LTO (Rose LTO), 10-23D.
History of removal
The variety was obtained when crossing varieties L 12-80 and S 45-48 by University of California Harold Ollo. In the US Register, he was submitted after the necessary tests in 1980. Initially red gloss is a complex intravidal hybrid.
In Russia, the variety is grown in the southern regions, since it is very warm. In the United States, cultivated in the climatic zone of California and other southern states. Distributed in China and Japan, in Latin America.
Table grade belongs to the slurry and average grape varieties. Red gloss during cultivation in the cornesological culture does not gain a significant height of escapes. The grade is noticeably affected by factors such as climatic and soil conditions of cultivation.
Red gloss is characterized by late maturation. The achievement of technical ripeness berries is required 140-155 days. In the south of the Russian Federation they are collected by mid-October.
Brushes on a bush reach a mass of 1000 g. They have a conical shape, average density indicators.
Red Gloss is distinguished by a red tinge of the peel of ripe fruit, it is thin, but rather durable, does not crack when pressed. Inside juicy pulp is 4 seeds, darkeing as aging. The fruits are rounded, 24-28 mm in diameter, large, achieve weights 10-15 g. For berries Characteristic is the presence of a white fly, giving them a purple shade.
The variety is highly valued for his simple, pleasant and harmonious taste.
Grapes are pretty frozen.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
To increase the yield, grapes are recommended not to grown on vertical, but on T-shaped trellis. And he also develops well on the arches and in conversations, with horizontal growth. When growing requires intensive care, compliance with all necessary agrotechnical measures. When disembarking, it gives good fruiting indicators, but not suitable for vaccinations on the grapes of Teleki 5A.
To increase the coloring of berries, a bus Red Glov is to remove unnecessary leaves in the brushes a week after the start of changing their shade. During the ripening period, you need to preserve the fruits from solar burns. It is better to plant plants in a half, or cover them for this period in a strong heat.
The variety is breeding cheesery. Landing in the ground is performed in the fall, no later than 45 days before the onset of cold. This is enough for the seedlove to give roots, prepared for wintering. In the spring, the plant is transferred to the ground when the air temperature reaches stable performance in +10 degrees.
For landing suitable solar, covered from drafts of space with loose and fertile composition of the soil. A pit forms a depth of 0.5 m. At its day, they build a pillow of gravel, wood humus, fertile soil. Inside installed tube for drip irrigation. The roots of the seedling are preliminarily dipped into a liquid mixture of clay and reworked cowhogs, straighten on the built holly, sprinkle, slightly shaking the stem to remove void.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Red gloss has rolled flowers. For fertilization do not need to apply additional efforts.
Recommended promotion of the vine to 6-8 eyes. The variety is growing better when forming with a large margin of old wood. Weak shoots need to delete. Ignore no more than 1 clusses for each fruitful vine. Upon completion of flowering, it is necessary to remove the lower part of the bunch, leaving up to 3-4 branches.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Grape needs shelter in winter. Grade Red Moble withstands the decrease in ambient temperature to -22 degrees.
Diseases and pests
Variety unstable to fungal diseases. In general, its indicators are below average. Very sensitive to black spottedness, mildew, oidium. He is sure to require regular fungicidal processing Bordeaux mixture. To protect against pests, the crown is thinned, the soil frightened, clean the foliage.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Red gloss moves well transportation, the appearance of the berry does not suffer from it. Shelf life is 90-120 days.
According to Russian gardeners, growing grade Red Gloss requires very careful attention. Many point to low sugar content of berries in early removal from the bush. They are pretty watery. It is noted that even the signal clusters are formed very large. Cases of defeat by Oidium are noticed, which greatly complicates full-fledged aging of brushes.