- Authors: Pianka Oleg Mikhailovich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: red-burgundy
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 105-110
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Synonyms names: 03-33
- Weight bunchy, g: 800-1000
- Type of flower: Functionally women
See all the characteristics
One of the most reliable fruit crops is grapes. From the third year, the bushes begin to give a stable harvest if they provide them with proper care and timely watering. We will tell about one of these varieties – it is polona-50.
History of removal
Polonaise-50 appeared thanks to the painstaking work of the breeder of Pyanki Oleg Mikhailovich. They were crossed by the varieties of Achilles and Legend Axa.
Description of this variety should be started with the fact that it is a hybrid that is still disaster yet in our country. Bushes are characterized by a great growth force. Flowers of female type are formed on them. At each shoot, up to 2 inflorescences are formed. Normalization plant does not require.
Purpose – table.
Fruits ripen for 105-110 days. Thus, this grade belongs to the early.
Breaks are distinguished by a cylindro conical form. The density of berries can be described as loose or medium. Mass of each cluster can vary from 800 to 1000 g.
In the fruit in the spine condition the shade of red with a burgundy tump. Gardeners appreciate polonaise-50 for thin skin and flesh, the consistency of which is similar to marmalade. Form in the fruit of ovate, mass from 14 to 16 grams.
Polionize-50 has a harmonious taste, so it will become a beautiful decoration of the table.
Yield, by observations of gardeners, can be assessed as good. No need for normalization.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Since grape vine can live from 50 to 100 years, you need to choose a place where seedlings can stay infinitely long. This plant loves the sun, so the choice of the right place is extremely important.
The inhabitants of the northern hemisphere must choose the southern side of the site. For residents of the southern hemisphere – on the contrary.
It is worth using a sleeper or any other type of supporting design.
It will take at least 1.5 meters of free space between plants. With mechanical subsequent processing of the place requires even more. Thus, it is possible to obtain the necessary space for the development of roots.
Start with the preparation of the pit width and depth of at least 40 cm. Add to bottom drainage and a layer of fertile soil with fertilizers. Then it is placed in the grape vine into the soil, fall asleep to half, tightly tamper it, then add the remaining soil to completely fill the hole. The last layer is not tamping.
Crop the top, leave several kidneys (2-3 optimally) and thoroughly.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Pollination required. If it is low-quality, then berries are obtained on a bunch of solid-caliber.
Pruning is required in autumn. Clean patients and old shoots. When landing, a grape vine is cut back onto 3 or 4 eyes, and the roots are well shuffled. In the second year of growing grapes, the vine should be cut to the same amount of eyes as in the first year. After the spring will start growth, leave two strongest kidneys.
Determine the right amount of water for grape growing is not easy. The soil must be wet, but not raw, as the plant can quickly get sick.
Although grapes are somewhat resistant to drought, it usually gives less fruit when it is under water stress. Providing its necessary amount of water is very important if you want to get a big harvest.
Most gardeners choose drip irrigation systems. Mulching around the plants also helps maintain the necessary humidity, especially in the hot summer months. In addition, mulch reduces the development of weeds.
In the first year you need to water at least once a week until the soil becomes wet to a depth of 6-10 cm around the roots of the plant. In subsequent years once a week until the Earth wrests at 12 cm under the surface of the soil.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Fertilizers are necessarily entered into the landing pit and after that only for the second year. These can be organic compositions, such as horse manure and chicken litter, as well as ready mineral additives.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance is -23 degrees. Not bad, this grapes grows in the south and in the central part of the country. In regions with strong frosts, additional shelter of a sweetheave or agromature material is required.
Diseases and pests
Fungicides coped with diseases and pests. Find the desired drug is not difficult on the shelf of a specialized store. You can use copper vigorous or infusion of garlic.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The berry is stored in the appropriate conditions about a week.