Grapes Pino Nair

  • Authors: France (Burgundy)
  • Purpose: Technical
  • Berry color: Navy blue
  • Taste: harmonious
  • With bones: Yes
  • Ripening time (filter): late
  • Ripening time, days: 141-151
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -22
  • Synonyms names: Arbst Blauer (Augustiner), Bulu Burugunder (Blauer), Blauer Schpetburglander (Blauer Sylvaner), Burgunder (Burgunder), Ver Dore, GROSSE (Grosse Burgunder), Gentil Noir (Gentil Noir), Kek Burgundi, Clawner Blau, Modra Burgunda (MODRA Burgunda), Moriyon (Morillon), Nagyburgundi, Nair de Franconier, Noirien (Noirien), Rank Ranked, Pinot Negru (Pinot Negru), Pinot Smere, Pinot Black, Petit Noir (Plant Dore), Plan Fin (Plant Fin), Pinot Franc Noir, Rother Burgunder, Savagnin Noir, Franz Pinot (Franc Pinot), Frankisch Schwartz (Frankische Schwarze), Formantin Noir (CERNA OKRUGLA), Schwarzklevner (Schwarzklevner).
  • Weight bunchy, g: 66-120

See all the characteristics

Grapes Pinot Noir – one of the most famous and popular varieties. It is he who serves as a raw material for the legendary burgundy wine. Other wines from Pino Noura, including champagne, get enthusiastic reviews of winemakers and consumers. Grade is a technical species. His homeland is the fertile lands of France, and more precisely, then specifically Burgundy. The taste and flavor of grapes depends on the weather, climate and care, so in each certain case it can have its own characteristics.

Variety Pinot Noir has a lot of other names: Arbst Blauer, Augustiner, Bluuer Shpetburgunder, Burgundder. And also the grade is known as Very Dor, Gross (Blau) Burgundder, Women’s Nouar, Moriyon. Rounded the rank, black, the pin, Pinot Silen and Pinot Fran – this is all the same grade. And it is only part of the famous synonyms-titles of the famous Pinot Noura.

History of removal

Pinot Noir – one of the progenitors of the inconspicuous number of varieties known today, among which: Aligote, Gue Blanc, Chardonnay, Gama Noir. In France, about 40 of his clones officially registered. But today there is no unified version of the origin and name of the variety. Presumably his name Pino Nuar received due to the similar stroke with a pine shaskha (Pinot). And it is also not excluded that the name of the variety has a link with the French Overhead region. It is there, in the area Pinol (Pignols), grapes have grown in the Middle Ages.

As for the origin, Pinot Noura is determined by French registration. But it does not do without alternative versions. According to some documents in the territory of France, once the Romans popularized this variety.

Geography distribution

It is believed that the best Pinot Noir is grown in Burgundy. This faculty is cool climate and limestone soils in the region. Of course, the geography of landing varieties is not limited to France only. Grapes are grown on plantations in Austria, Argentina and Australia, Pinot Noura vineyards extend on Canadian lands, in the northern regions of Croatia, in Chile and Germany, in Georgia and Italy, in Hungary, Romania and Moldova, Macedonia, New Zealand and South Africa, as well as in Serbia, Switzerland, Bulgaria, USA and Uruguay. It is successfully grown by Ukrainians, Czechs and Slovaks.

Description

Pinot Noir is characterized by high susceptibility to the sun, fungi, mold and rot. Thin-skinned berries are especially sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Grapes of this variety are extremely dependent on terrorar. Kusta Pinot Nourah average, with reprehension shoots.

Ripening time

The period from flowering to the removal of the crop is 141-151 days. Ripening time is considered late.

Brozdi

Tight clusters of cylindrical or cylindro conical shape. The weight of a separate bunch is from 66-120 grams.

Berries

Rounded Dark Blue Fruits With Sisrous Rock. In the pulp to the 3nd bones. Weight berry approximately 2-3 grams. Skin thin and durable.

Taste

Harmonious taste of a dense pulp opens a berry aroma. When tasting there is a raspberry flavor, cherry tones. In the aftertaste of grapes grown in the southern climate, notes of violets. Sugar content 214 g / dm3. Acidness 7.7 g / dm3.

Yield

Low-cycle, but highly rated variety. Inclined to meal. Berries ripen approximately by mid-September. Garrenders are going to manually, very neat.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

Get a qualitative harvest of this grapes is possible only subject to all.

Landing

Culture is sensitive to planting conditions and demanding on the quality of soil and lighting measures. Grow it better in southern sections, allowed on the slopes. The most acceptable soil is a loose clay limestone. Soil acidity is adjustable to normal 6.5-5 pH. As the bush grows, it can bother with foliage, which it is necessary to partially turn into, ensuring the penetration of sunlight to the clusters.

When planting the spring, the pit begin to prepare from autumn. They are digging, observing the distance in the range of 100 cm. The aisle placed at a distance of 1-1.2 m. When landing the autumn preparations are engaged in three weeks: suite drainage, and after fertilizers contribute.

Saplings planted carefully, trying not to damage the rhizomes. Then the soil is compacted and watering, a mulching of the roar zone is carried out. To do this, you will need peat or straw with a layer of 5-10 cm.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

Grape Culture Grade Pinot Noir Owned Flowering. It provides sufficient pollination, even on a rainy summer season and with a small number of pollinating insects.

Trimming

The bushes require formation. Shoots cut into 2-3 eyes. Pruning is made sharply sharpened by the disinfected blade of the secateurs. Once a year, all extra and sick shoots are cut.

Watering

Watering recommended not too often. Bushes should lay ditch to watering. The laying of the drip system is desirable, which will even be the best option for grapes of French origin. First watering falls on early spring. Watering stop when flowering and 2 weeks before it began. In summer, a sufficient amount of water on an adult bush is considered from 40 to 60 liters.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Subordinate

We need 3-4 feeding per year since 3 years after planting culture. The first feeding is carried out before flowering by breeding 50 g of nitroposki on 1 bucket of water, and the next needed in 2 weeks before the formation of berries. On the water bucket, 20 grams of caliMagnesia and ammonium nitrates are added. For a couple of weeks to harvest, you need to feed the potash salt bushes in the amount of 20 grams with an equal amount of superphosphate dissolved in 10 liters of water. After harvesting, I need a final, fourth dressing. This time fertilizers (humid, superphosphate) are mixed into the soil during the rescope.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

Winter hardiness is pretty high, the grade is withstanding -22 degrees. In the area with studes of winter grapes you need to cover. At the same time, the mulching peat either by humus. Bushes are hiding under the curable material. Even the vine affected by frosts pretty quickly comes to herself with warming.

Diseases and pests

Grapes are at a moderately susceptible to Mildew and Oidium, in a weak meager – gray rot, leaflet. For this variety it is very important to carry out the entire season preventive processing from parasites and diseases. Processing is shown at intervals in 1-2 months.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

For long storage, this grape variety is unsuitable. Collecting the harvest, immediately proceed to its processing or implementation.

Review reviews

In most wine regions worldwide, the varieties grow winemakers. To achieve the limit indicators of Tanina, the fruits are pressed straight with the brush.

Grapes worship this variety for an amazing bouquet of taste and aroma. The spectrum of wines from Pino Noir is very wide: simple sour sweet wines, complex fragrant samples of the highest brand.

The variety is also used to produce champagne (with pinot less and Chardone), quiet pink wines.

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