- Authors: Capels Vasily Ulyanovich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: pink
- Taste: harmonious, nutmeg
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 95-100
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Weight bunchy, g: 700-900
- Type of flower: Functionally women
- Sorrow: No
See all the characteristics
Among the cutlengths of grapes there are many different types, and one of the bright examples is considered grapes Parisian. In this article, consider the features of the variety, yield, taste of berries, frost resistance, as well as the storage method of stiction.
History of removal
Parisian grapes – domestic production, it was created by the amateur-like-amateur in. The parental pair of the future hybrid was selected Veri and Muromets.
Grape bushes throughout the season are very actively growing. For one summer, the vine grows on 3 m. On average, the height of one vine reaches 6 m. Therefore, due to the active growth of the branches, it is necessary to think through the system of the steller so that the vine does not bend to the ground, and grew up.
Parisian cuttings have good rooting, if you follow all the rules of the agrotechnology, then all new cuttings are formed roots.
Leaves at bushes of a rich green shade, the back of the lighter front, blades 5, there is a pronounced central cross section. The surface of the sheets has roughness. Grapes Parisian during flowering has a pleasant, but weak fragrance.
This hybrid is a rash variety. Harvesting begins 90 days after kidney swell. On average, ripening time reaches 100-110 days in different regions. Vintage can be removed in early August.
Grapes have large clusters, in form – conical, with medium density. The weight of the brush is from 700 to 900 g. However, more severe brushes are found.
Berry form – ovoid. The skin pink with a kind of green-golden tump is present glitter, thin, it is practically not felt during use. Meat juicy, fleshy. Weigment of berries 10-14 g. Sizes on average 3.6 cm long, and in a width of 2.8 cm.
Berry is pleasant, sweet taste, nutmens feel. Aroma brightly pronounced.
Variety at variety Parisian high. From one bush, you can remove an average of 8-10 kg of berries, with large bushes it is removed to 15 kg of berries.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Grapes love lull and sandy soil, it must be saturated with a large amount of minerals, as well as organic matter. If the soil is more clay, it is better to move it several times, ahead of the sandy soil, to artificially recreate the necessary soil.
Grapes do not like excessive moisture, as roots suffer from this. Therefore, it is worth landing seedlings into lowlands or swampy places, as well as places where underground water is present.
The place is worth choosing sunny, if you plant along the veranda, then it is best to south.
In order to grow grapes Parisian, it is necessary to properly prepare the soil. If there is no possibility to switch the plot in advance, then you need to dig a hole with a depth of 0.8-0.9 m. To be confident that the roots will not suffer from groundwater, stand on the bottom of the wells to put drainage. This is suitable for pebbles, broken brick. Then you need to sprinkle the drainage of the earth together with fertilizers, omit the seedling, gradually bury it, the ramming land. Lached seedlings need to shed a bucket of warm water.
The distance between the bushes must be left 2 m, and between the rows of 3 m.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Flowers at Parisian Parisian Possess Female, although many gardeners argue that no additional pollination is needed, since the wounds are still occurring, but the quality of fruits deteriorates sharply.
Therefore, it is better next to Parisian to plant a few chest of grapes with male flowers.
The grape bushes are typically overloaded, so to avoid this, it is necessary to carry out the day. On average, 35-45 peels should remain.
Weak shoots and lower foliage are also removed.
In the fall, trimming is carried out after they opled the last leaves, approximately 2 weeks later. Patients of branches, mustaches and steppes are removed, and the vine is shortened by 6-8 kidneys.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance of this hybrid high, up to -25 degrees. But still on the bushes adversely affects sharp change temperatures, so in the central and northern regions, it is still necessary to strengthen them. To do this, it is necessary to remove everything that remains after trimming the vine, twist them and put them on the board, do not allow contact with the earth. After that, the vines can be covered with a huskien, and then under the covering.
Diseases and pests
Parisian grapes are resistant to many types of diseases and pests, but it is still worth carrying out preventive measures to secure the crop. You need to choose those drugs that do not penetrate the plant, but only struggle with pests on the surface. Such drugs will not affect the crop.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Parisian grapes has a good storage and transportation period. Wooden boxes are chosen for storage, sawdust pour onto the bottom, lay down the layer of sawdust on top, and the second row is laid out. Store stands in a dark place at a temperature not higher than +2 degrees Celsius.