Grapes Muscat Hamburg

  • Authors: England
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Berry color: Violet blue
  • Taste: Muscata
  • With bones: Yes
  • Ripening time (filter): Medium Power
  • Ripening time, days: 148
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -18
  • Synonyms names: Black Hamburg, FEKET Mushkay, Moskitel Negro, Muscat de Hamburg, Muscat Black Alexandrian, Salamanna Ross, Tamiosa Nyatra Hamburg, Hamburg Misket, Tsibibibo Nero and DR.
  • Weight bunchy, g: 168-267

See all the characteristics

Grapes – a plant similar to Lianen with a long vine, on which borders of berries appear in the process of vegetation. Family of vintage richly varietal diversity. Grapes conquered great popularity called Muscat Hamburg.

History of removal

This variety was removed in 1858 due to English breeders by crossing the varieties Frankental and Muscat Alexandria. In 2003, the DNA examination was conducted, which confirmed this information. In 1859 was allowed to be widely used. This grape variety can be found under other names. It can be called Black Hamburg or a Negro Mosper, FEKET Mushkay. Western name – Muscat black, in America – Golden Hamburg, the French gave the name of Muscat de Hamburg, in countries who were previously in the composition of the Soviet Union, refer to the Muscat of Black Alexandria.

Geography distribution

Nowadays, this grape variety is spread almost everywhere. It can be found in Greece, in Italy, in Moldova, in other countries.

Description

The bush is usually average, but on more fertile soils, the vine reaches the height above the average. On the vine, the leaves are abundantly growing, which is a distinctive feature of a variety.

Young vine has a pink color, oldering – brown, with noticeable red nodules.

Large large, wavy along the edges. It has a five-pointed form. In spring and summer is painted in bright green color, in the fall acquires yellowness. Obroat flowers, but their pollinability is low, so the variety is penetration.

Ripening time

The variety of medium ripening, until the harvest should be held 140-150 days. To technological maturity from the start of the dissolution, the sum of active temperatures is 2870 ° C.

Brozdi

Breakdi are usually large, have a conical shape, branched, with loose density. Reach masses from 168 to 267 grams.

Berries

Berries have more often rounded shape, sometimes elongated, oval, purple blue, with bones. Number of seeds – 2-3 pieces. The size of the berries varies from 12 to 26 mm in length and from 11 to 17 mm in width. Weight – from 3.1 to 4.1 g.

Taste

Berries have a pronounced nutmess. Puffed meat-juicy berries, covered with dense skin. In its composition, it contains sugar to 160-220 g / dm3, acidity – 6-8 g / dm3.

Yield

High variety yield, but unstable. 67% of all shoots are fruiting, the average coefficient of fruiting is from 0.94 on developing shoots, up to 1.10 on fruitful.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

Muscat Hamburg poorly tolerates winter cold, a decrease in temperature is stronger -18 degrees, it is impossible to grow in the northern regions.

Landing

Prefers loams, can grow on sandy soils. Busts need to be located at a distance of one and a half meters from each other, to leave 1.5-2 meters between the rows. Breeds and seedlings and cuttings. The best time for this end of October, beginning of November.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

This grape variety is common and does not require additional pollination.

Trimming

Soothes cut shortly, leaving on the vine from 4 to 6 eyes. On average, 18-20 peels should remain on the bush.

Watering

Provided that sufficient precipitation falls out, this grape variety does not need additional watering. If necessary, it is better to resort to drip irrigation.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Subordinate

To get a higher harvest you need to fertilize the earth, it should be 4-5 times in the season. It must be made nitrogen and phosphorus, since these elements have a direct effect on fruiting.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

For the winter, the shelter of the bush is required, since the frost resistance is low.

Diseases and pests

Muscat Hamburg resistant to fungal diseases, but to Mildu, Oidium, gray rotten berries, bacterial cancer, phyllox and pests unstable.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

It is used not only in the production of wine, it is excellent for eating food, as it has excellent taste, so it can be called universal. It tolerates transportation well – bunches are stored up to 3 days.

It should be noted that the grade is suitable for cultivation in the warm regions, in the event of a lack of water, drip irrigation should be used, there is a need to fertilize the land.

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