- Authors: Central Asian Experimental Station Vir, in “Viizul”, Moldova
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: greenish-amber
- Taste: harmonious, nutmeg
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time, days: 107-115
- Frost resistance, ° C: -twenty
- Weight bunchy, g: 340
- Yield: 82-120 c / ha
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Muscat amber grape variety uses good demand from grapes gardeners. It turns out pleasant, tart white wines. When used in fresh form, berries are not inferior to taste to other varieties.
History of removal
Vintage Muscat Amber brought out in Moldavian Nioviv NPO “VIERUL” together with the Central Asian Experimental Station Vir. The authors of the varieties became Zhuravel M. WITH., Borzikov G. M., Gavrilov I. NS., Frolov A. AND. The variety appeared when crossing the grapes of the early Kibrase and Muscat East. The variety is included in the state register in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, the Krasnodar Territory and in the Republic of Adygea.
Recommended regions of growing grade Muscat Amber are the Crimean Peninsula, Republic of Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria and Krasnodar Territory.
Grapes Muscat Amber is a table variety. Designed more often for making tinctures and wines. The average plant. Medium-sized leaves, rounded shape. 90% of fruitless shoots are present on the bush. The number of inflorescences on shoots is 0.7-1.8. Annual shoots have a light brown. Amber Muscat Flowers – Obo.
Grape variety belongs to early maturation. Rises harvest 107-115 days.
Cylindroconic cylindroconic shape, has an average density. The leg is short, its length is 4 cm. Weight of one cluster – 340 g.
Greenish-amber berries, small bones are present – 2-3 pcs. seeds in one berry. Middle-sized fruits – 19×17 mm, rounded shape, tight skin. Meat-juicy pulp consistency. Sugar content 220-250 g / dm3, acidity 16-18 g / dm3. Berries have high transportability.
Grapes has a harmonious, nutmess. Consumer tasting assessment – 8.4-9 points.
Grape variety has a high yield – 82-120 c / ha. Harvesting is produced in August.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Muscat amber sitting on well-lit places. For variety, only warm, sunny climate is preferable. Soil for planting should be rich in minerals and vitamins, and also easily permeable for oxygen.
When planting grapes it is necessary to take into account the distance between the rows of 2.5 m and the bushes – 2 m. Be sure to plan the plant, it is necessary to make mineral fertilizers and ashes. Before boarding a seedling, you need to dock 1-2 days into a solution with a growth stimulator. And also for good growth bushes grapes are tied up, or set up.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Type of grade pollination – Oboe.
Grape bushes average, so need periodic trimming. Events need to be performed in the spring or autumn period. It is necessary to remove non-pronomous shoots, otherwise they will interfere with the growth of berries. Trimming the bush should be produced so that on the shooting necessarily it remained about 6-7 eyes. It is not recommended to trim the shoots on a diagonal. It is necessary to remove only a smooth line and ensure that the juice does not stand out from the cut.
Abundant irrigation Plant requires only very dry and hot weather. With a lack of moisture, berries may not match their characteristics.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
The main feeding is made late in the fall before the plant is prepared for the winter period. Soil fertilize superphosphate and potash fertilizers. Early spring makes fertilizers, which include nitrogen, potassium and magnesium. In combination with mineral fertilizers, organic – manure, humus, bird litter.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Muscat amber is well adapted to winter temperatures. Withstands the winter climate to -20 degrees Celsius. For the winter bushes of grapes need to be covered with special materials already at the end of autumn.
Diseases and pests
The grade has a pretty good immunity to fungal diseases. Grapes are rarely amazed by such diseases like Oidium and Mildew. Fungal infections occur in a cold, humid climate, so the bushes are covered with special preparations against fungus with special drugs.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Grapes are characterized by long storage time, while it does not lose shape, does not lose its taste. Average storage time – 3 months.