- Authors: Moldavian Grapework Institute “VIERUL”, Moldavian SSR
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Dark purple, with a thick wax
- Taste: Simple, harmonious, with chocolate tones
- Ripening time (filter): Medium Power
- Ripening time, days: 155-165
- Frost resistance, ° C: -22
- Weight bunchy, g: 385
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Tasting rating, points: 9.5
See all the characteristics
One of the old varieties of grapes in Russia, which has won its popularity in the past century, is Moldova. This variety has many positive qualities, being the best table view that grows in almost every country region. Juicy and beautiful berries are already in the period of incomplete maturation, they can be proud to offer to guests.
History of removal
Moldova’s grapes was created as a result of crossing two varieties: Central Asian Guzal Kara and Villar Blanc. The derived hybrid received such a name because of the country of its occurrence. After about 10 years, it was submitted to the official Gospectra and he began to actively extend to the southern regions of Moldova. The grade has a synonym for the name of the coderlock late.
This variety is recommended for cultivation in the Nizhnevolzhsky and North Caucasus regions. Currently, its cultivation is widespread in these areas, as well as in the central regions of Russia, in the Krasnodar Territory, in the south of Ukraine, in Crimea and Moldova. For the northern regions, it does not suit – because of the late ripening of the berries will remain unloaded.
The author of the variety is the Moldavian Institute of Viizl vitardism of the Moldavian SSR.
This variety is a cutting grape grapes with a medium-time maturation, which is about 5 months or 155-165 days. If we take into account the characteristics of the bush of a variety, then they can make arbors or decorate the walls of buildings from the south side. Fully ripe brushes can be separated at the beginning or mid-September. In the coolest localities, its full ripening comes closer to October. It is because of its juiciness and delicious berries, Moldova grown beyond the boundaries of warm latitudes. The amount of active temperatures from the beginning of the blown of the kidneys to technological maturity is 3500 C.
Breakdi from this variety small, with medium density and minor. On average, their small weight is 385 g. They are a conical or cylindroconic.
Moldova large fruits, have an oval shape of dark purple. Ripe berries appear thick wax. Their sugarity is 190 g / dm3. With long-term storage, it can increase significantly. They have thick and dense skin with crispy and fleshy pulp. There is a small amount of stones, from 2 to 3 pieces, very rare – 4. Berry weighs about 8 g and has a size of 25×19 mm.
Berries are very tasty, have a simple harmonious aroma sometimes with chocolate tones. Tasting assessment of taste quality is 9.5 points.
The variety is popular not only because of its interesting taste and remarkable species, but also due to high yield. From each 5-year-old bush, you can collect about 140 kg of berries. Plants aged 8 to 10 years can give a crop to 150 kg, and from one hectare you can get up to 165 centners.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Grape prefers heat and sun, so it is recommended to plant in a sunny place. This will suit the south side of the site without northern winds. Wind are categorically unfavorable for this variety. Since grapes are stronger, and its bushes are greatly incremented in size, it is recommended to plant him in relation to other plantations in 4-5 m. Excessive thickening provokes a wederation of berries and harvest reduction.
Young seedlings are planted in spring or autumn, when the air temperature is not lower than +15, and the soil is +10.11 degrees Celsius. If the landing is carried out in the fall, then you need to know that until the first frosts should remain at least a month so that the young bush worry. The seedling is planted in a pre-prepared pit of a depth of 67 cm and a circle of 90 cm. Then we break with the pods and fall asleep on a 2/3 combined mixture and humus, then this layer falls asleep. Seedling neatly put in the pit and pour soil. After disembarking, the plant is watered with 2 buckets of water and tied to a peg.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Grapes do not need neighboring pollinators, as it has a row of flower.
A bush needs cropping twice a year, in spring and autumn. This procedure is carried out in the period of rest, before the reckance of the kidneys, and after the leaves. Cutting starts from the top escape, each vine leaves 7-8 eyes. When forming a high-breeding bush, it is necessary to leave 4-6 eyes. There should be no more than 50-60 on the bush, so the number of fruitless shoots is 90%. Then a lot of brushes are formed, so it is necessary to normalize the harvest, so as not to overload the bush. Each shoot is left 1-2 clusters. In addition to this forming trimming, you need to remove dry and too thin shoots, as well as in the fall, cut off unreserved vines.
Young bushes require constant irrigation, so they must be kept in moderately wet soil, but in compliance with the measure. In excess water, fungal diseases may occur.
For an adult bush, the first spring watering must be carried out a week before flowering, and the second after the fruit tying. Everything else time grapes need to wip twice a month. If there was a dry summer, it can be increased, focusing on the state of the soil. So that there is no excess moisture, it is better to make drainage grooves for removing excess water.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Simultaneously with watering, it is possible and focusing the plant, since the feeders affect the growth rate of the bush, as well as additional sources of nutrient elements. For this, you can use natural fertilizers, they contribute every 2-3 years, but only late in the fall. Nitrogen-containing feeders can be used during watering in spring. Calcium and phosphorus are suitable for fertilizer.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
The frost resistance of this variety is -22 degree. In the northern regions, grapes are hidden for the winter. Due to the strong growing of young plantings, it is tightened with metal arcs with film. More adult bushes bend to the ground and associate, then the earth falls asleep and build shelters from slate or branches. If in your area the temperature does not fall below -22, then the shelter is required.
Diseases and pests
Moldova is quite resistant to most diseases and is not afraid of pests. The most stable grade to gray rot, which is 1 point. Oidium resistance is 3 points, Mildu – 2.5 points. In prophylactic purposes, the bushes need to irrigate with special drugs several times over the summer. To do this, burglar liquid or other means.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Moldova grapes due to tight skin has good transportability and high marketability. The shelf life ranges from 3 to 6 months, and maybe longer. Brushes hang on rings or lattice, and a small piece of potatoes, which prevents drying on the cutting legs. Some of the crop can be left on the bushes to frosts, but this method does not guarantee its safe storage. Grapes can be used not only in food, but also for the preparation of raisins and wine.