- Authors: Moldova
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Dark blue, covered with an abundant wax
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): late
- Ripening time, days: 140
- Frost resistance, ° C: -fifteen
- Synonyms names: Agrio Mavro, Agrio Mavro, Gara Kokur, Gara Kokur, Coyna Nagre, Coarna Neagra, Persia, Persia, Sultanka, Sultanca, Sultanka, Tyrno Greyko, Tirno Greiko, Tyrno Greiko
- Weight bunchy, g: 400-1000
- Yield: 80-120 c / ha
See all the characteristics
Moldavian grapes enjoys in great demand among modern gardeners, and a lot of reasons. It is delicious, long can be stored, has many beneficial properties for the body.
History of removal
Gave the variety was in Moldova. And from there spread around the world.
Functionally women’s flowers are formed on the bushes of this variety. Silnorosal bush. On one plant, the percentage of fruitless shoots is between 63 to 68%. The coefficient of fruiting is 0.8-1.
140 days – the duration of the ripening of the fruits of this bush.
The plant forms large clusters, the shape of which can be described as a conical. Density largely depends on how high-quality pollination was. Mass of one cluster can reach 1 kilogram, but no less than 400 grams.
Moldavian refers to table varieties. Fruits are perfectly transported and possessing frequenses from 72 to 82%.
The color of the berries is dark blue, the top is clearly visible wax. The skin is durable and thick, inside a crispy flesh. Fruits can reach a mass of 10 grams each grape.
Taste is estimated as harmonious.
The level of yield ranges from 80 to 120 centners per hectare.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
For any grape, the place is important where it is planted, and this variety is not an exception. Gardening is better to choose a sunny plot that is located on a small hill so that the fruits can get the required amount of heat. Place of landing should not be bludging with northern winds.
As for moisture, Moldavian loves well-drained soil, what the gardener must take care of.
Planting seedlings is made in small pits, 40×40 cm. After the first layer of the soil falls on, it is necessary to lose his hands slightly to eliminate the appearance of air pockets. At this stage, the seedling slightly water. When the landing pit is completely covered, repeated watering, and cover the soil around the mulch. As it, you can use coniferous bark.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Pollination is required because exclusively female flowers are formed on the bush.
Pruning is needed by Moldovan average, with the need for normalization.
With a lack of moisture in the soil of the berries of this variety become smaller, the vine grows worse, and as a result, the yield decreases. Therefore, if the soil is dry, and there is no rain for a long time, grapes should be water. Do not use cold water, roots are sensitive to it. The average rate of 3-4 water buckets on one bush. Soil after watering loose and mulch to keep moisture. Watering is stopped 2-3 weeks before harvesting.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Simultaneously with watering Moldovan grapes feed. Preferred complex mineral fertilizers with trace elements, organic feeding: infusion of cowboat, bird litter and ash.
In general, the season is carried out 4 root feeders. The first time – early in the spring, the second – in the period of active growth of shoots and leaves (before flowering), and the third – phosphoric-potash fertilizers at the beginning of a berry pouring. The fourth dressing is carried out after harvest, it is necessary to accelerate ripening and wearing shoots.
Fertilizers are best made in solutions, feeding directly to roots through wells or furrows.
Extra-corner feeder is carried out according to the testimony, if the plants are accurate, the color of the leaves changes. 2-3 days after the extraxorial feeding of grapes spray with clean water to dissolve the fertilizer remaining on the leaves.
Extraordinary feeding microfertilizers can speed up the ripening of Moldavian grapes at about a week. For this, 10 g of boric acid, 5 g of zinc sulphate, 1 g of potassium permanganate, 8 g of ammonium molybdata. Each substance is dissolved separately, and then sequentially diluted in 10 liters of water.
When the plant is already enough increased the green mass, the period of intensive growth of berries begins. Potassium-phosphate supplements with the addition of 10 g of boric acid, 5 g of manganese sulphate, 1 g of yodide potassium are used to stimulate the bodies of berries. The presence in the solution of antiseptics (boric acid, potassium iodide) partially protects the fruits from rotting.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance of only -15 degrees, so when landing in regions with a temperate climate without shelter can not do.
Diseases and pests
Disease resistance Low to Moldavian. On a five-point scale, immunity to Mildew, Oidium and gray rot is only 2.
At the beginning of ripening, grapes spray drinking soda (100 g / 10 liters of water). Such treatment prevents the development of gray mold and increases the sugar content of the fruits.
Immediately after flowering, the Moldavian bushes need to be treated with 1% burgundy liquid or other copper-containing drugs to prevent the spread of infection.
The main preventive measure against many diseases is the treatment of phytoosporin every two weeks. Start immediately after the leaves will reveal. Berries can be eaten through day after spraying.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Grapes are not bad, if it is to provide the necessary conditions for this.