- Authors: G.NS. Westmins, Latvia
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: White
- Taste: harmonious, nutmeg
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 90
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Weight bunchy, g: 230-300
- Type of flower: Functionally women
- Luna density: moderate density
See all the characteristics
Growing grape vines and harvesting is no longer exclusively the area of winemakers. Today to grow a wonderful table variety on its plot can every gardener. One of the sought-after species is Lieparas Dzintars.
History of removal
The described grapes was removed in Latvia the breeder. NS. Westmin.
On the territory of Russia, as in other countries, this variety is often found because it has a big list of advantages.
Lieparas Dzintars – Table grade with flowers functionally female. If we talk about the bush itself, it has a strong increase, so regular trimming is required.
This type of fruiting coefficient is 0.75-0.85. The number of slurdey on the escape – 1.3-1.5.
Ripens Lieparas Dzintars in 90 days, therefore refers to very early varieties.
Cylindrical clusters are formed on the bush. Their density can be described as moderate. Mass of one cluster can vary from 230 to 300 grams.
Fruits on grapes have a white shade. In the period of complete ripeness, the sugar level is 210-240 g / dm³. Acidity is at the level of 5-6 g / dm³.
On grapes is formed by the middle of the skin. During food, it is practically not noticeable. Inside fruits hiding a fleshy, juicy flesh, which melts in the mouth. The weight of one grape – from 4 to 5 grams. Fruits have a rounded form.
Testers worldwide evaluate the taste of this variety as nutmetic, harmonious.
Vintage vine gives steadily. This is a high-yielding variety.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
So that the plant brings a good harvest, it is required to water it in a timely manner, fertilize. Best use around the vine mulch. It not only helps prevent the breeding of weed grass, but also saves moisture. This is very important in summer when the moisture evaporates faster, and rains go less.
The best time for planting a vine – Spring or early summer. At this time, the plant carries out in the ground, rooted without exposure to frost. If the landing is made in the smoke-free hot tropical climate, then the best time for planting seedlings is winter.
Choose solar, warm and dry place. Even if the plant in the afternoon is in the shade, it will still feel well. Grape requires at least 6 hours of sunlight. Do not put the vine in a wet, shady and windy place with poor air circulation or without it. Similar conditions contribute to the development of fungal diseases.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
This variety requires pollination, since flowers are formed exclusively female type on the bushes. In rainy and windy weather, pollination can be poorly, because it is mostly engaged in bees.
Experts say that you can use a short trimming, but it is better to leave 6-8 eyes. On the bush their number should be from 40 to 50 pieces.
Watering a young vine regularly and deeply so that the soil remains slightly humid, but avoid the convergence. Raw and wet soil can harm the plant, so it is desirable to organize high-quality drainage in the landing.
Adult bushes do not require a lot of water, because they are extracted from the soil on their own. But when the drought is holding a long time, without an additional irrigation can not do. It is best to use a drip irrigation system.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
When landing in fertile soil fertilizer can not be made. If sandstone is used, then without regular feeding it is not to do.
It is best to use organic fertilizers:
- horsepower and cow manure;
- Wood ash;
- bone flour.
There is a large range of ready-made mineral compositions, which can also be used in spring and during the formation of fruits.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
In the south of the shelter, this variety is not required, since frost resistance is -25 degrees. If in the region where it is planned to plant the described variety, the air temperature decreases below this mark, then you can use a special material or branches from coniferous wood.
Diseases and pests
Possible appearance of fungal diseases. Some of the most frequently consider black spottedness and milderous dew, which are especially rapidly developing in wet and warm weather. In this case, it is worth using fungicides.
From pests the most commonly encountered is the word. Can also attack torment Cherver, caterpillars, whims. To protect against them, use insecticides.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
If grapes are after a collection to put in a cool place, it can be stored for a week.