- Authors: Ivive Nim. IN.E. Tairova, Ukraine
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Salad and white with white twin
- Taste: harmonious
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 110-115
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Synonyms names: Flora
- Weight bunchy, g: up to and more than 1000
See all the characteristics
Withdrawing new grades and hybrids of grapes, breeders are so improving the taste and production and biological characteristics that the result in many parameters is superior to maternal plants. This example can be seen when considering the Laura grape hybrid. In the modern world, the name of Flora is more common. It should be remembered that these are the names of the same variety.
History of removal
This hybrid of the fruit plant was obtained by connecting varieties of Muscat de Saint-Valle with a mixture of pollen of Central Asian varieties (Muscat Hamburg, Husayne) and Queen Tairovskaya. Received a new culture of the employees of Odessa IVIVI them. IN. E Tairova. The grapes derived in this way acquired excellent characteristics – high yield, increased resistance to gray rot, large-condition and resistance to pea.
Laura’s grapes are distributed not only in our country, but also abroad. Farmers and gardeners from all over the world diluted this hybrid on their sites and plantations. Variety, despite the limitation of the removal (about 20 years ago), did not lose its popularity.
Flora – Beloyogenous grade. Flora Vintage Dining Room Coats, Fruit Ripening Dates Early, Flowers have women’s, berries and cliffs. Large, excellent commodity type.
As mentioned above, grapes are early. On average, ripening time from 110 to 115 days.
Large brushes, not very dense. The weight of the cluster, subject to all rules of agrotechnical events, is more than 1 kg. Ripen the berries on the bunches evenly, have the same size (the thunder length is 35-40 cm).
Berries in Laura oval or cylindrical, color have gentle-salad. Grapes are covered with white, thin layer of waxing – Pruhin. It protects them from the development of rot, cracking and other damage. Mass of one berry 6-8 grams, and with good care it comes to 12 g. The flesh is juicy and dense, crisp, there are bones.
Harmonious and multifaceted taste inherited from parental varieties, makes grapes attractive for cultivation on a household plot. Muscade notes give an additional shade of taste to fruits. Laura accumulates sugar well (its contents in berries from 20%, despite the acids of 6-8 g / l).
Flora – High-Three Hybrid Sort. Even in the unfavorable fruit development, it shows an excellent result. From all over the bush fruit 60-80% of shoots.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Grow flora on well-lit plots, on lightweight, fertilized soil. A bush is cut, form, shelted for winter. Grapes speak well on watering and feeding, and also needs loosening and mulching.
The variety is well rooted, you can grow with the help of.
Usually landing seedlings are carried out in spring, with the establishment of stable temperatures. The soil on the landing plot should be fertile, simple, with a small content of salts. The bushes require a root growing place, so on average the distance of seedlings from each other should be about 1 meter.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Plant has female flowers. But there are no problems with pollination, if you take care of the presence of a vintage near the Laura of grapes with rolled flowers (necessarily with the same flowering period). Perfect for these purposes Vintage grapes Arcadia. And you can also conduct a manual pollination procedure. Although extremely rarely resorted to such measures. In the presence of suitable varieties, pollination will occur without interference.
Protection of the variety is carried out at 6-9 kidneys, 40-50 peers overwhelmed on the bush leave. Form a bush taking into account climate and variety opportunities. The overload of the bush cluster leads to a deterioration of taste and appearance of berries, so they leave about one cluster to escape. Cut grapes predominantly in the fall.
In the southern regions, the main water is started after the start of the growth of shoots, in the northern – mainly as the formation and growth of berries. And although the variety is resistant to drought, timely and abundant ensuring moisture is necessary. IMPORTANT: the rolling circle in adult grape bushes do not watered. Watering under the root is needed only by young plants 1-3 years of life. For old grapes, this method is useless. To provide water access to roots from the plant, retreat near the meter.
At the same distance you can arrange a drainage system. The square groove is falling asleep with rubble (necessarily the absence of impurities and dust), covered with rubberoid drainage or dense film. And drainage grooves dig on both sides of the bush.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Flora withdrawing and watering, and feeding. Potash-phosphoric fertilizers will not harm, but with nitrogen should be careful. Do not neglect organic compositions: ash, manure, compost, vegetable infusions give an excellent result. An important rule for organic feeding – they need to be made before the start of flowering.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance to -23 degrees. In low-level areas, bushes are covered. Although some gardeners argue that in the presence of a high snow cover, grapes can do without shelter, it is better not to risk, and to ensure reliable protection to the bushes (for it, hay or special passing materials will be suitable for accessing oxygen).
Diseases and pests
The sulfur rotary flore is almost 100% stable, 3 points are developed resistance to Mildew. The problem may be oidium, but with proper care of this phenomenon you can avoid. About 2 times a year it makes sense to carry out prophylactic treatments with special means.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The clusters are perfectly stored, withstand long-term transportation, a freight view remains for a long time. Grapes, even the ripe on the vine completely, can hang on a bush for a long time, without losing its taste.
Most people planted Laura on their plot are satisfied with grapes. In addition to excellent commodity species, this market grade has a good fierce, not very whimsical to the conditions of cultivation and easy to care. Berries, on observations of gardeners, do not appear and do not crack. With due agrotechnik, the variety gives a stable harvest. Laura’s grapes in demand from buyers, it allows you to grow it not only for your own use, but also for sale.
Despite the presidency of the variety, Flora is still popular. And, according to many grapes, is the best representative of bias grapes.