- Authors: NS. Sukatnik, Latvia
- Purpose: Universal
- Berry color: dark pink
- Taste: with a belt aroma
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 95-100
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Weight bunchy, g: 100-150
- Type of flower: Functionally women
- Luna density: Middle density
See all the characteristics
Eating grape varieties are not too famous, but worthy of attention. Such and the GUNA variety, often grown in the middle lane. This hybrid of the blue Latvian variety and green French in the end gives lilac-pink fruits, very pleasant to taste. The grade is stronger, virtually not damaged by pests and diseases. It is quite rational to have several bushes in this wonderful variety in its vineyard.
History of removal
The variety is derived by a talented Latvian breeder. Sukatnikom. It happened in 1959, to obtain a new hybrid, the author crossed the variety Daviez Zila and Madeleine Anhevin. Retaines Zila – Local Latvian variety, perfectly growing in the conditions of the Baltic state, does not differ in high yield, in the brush to 20 berries, but is adapted to local conditions, blue berries. Madeleine Anhevin – French Vintage Table Grapes, greenish-white berries, with a sun of the sun, was once widespread in the south of Russia and Ukraine.
Since the northern hybrid is distributed in the Baltic States, the middle lane of Russia. He is grown by fans of unappropriate culture in Moscow, Tver, Leningrad regions.
Grape grapes early ripening grapes with red berries. You can collect 6-8 kg from the bush. Versatile variety, from it you can make wine or eating. Sweet flesh with a subtle and belch. Skin berry dense, sloping juice. This grape variety has good compatibility with. The ability to make frost to -25 degrees makes this variety promising even in the middle lane. Due to rigid skin has good transportability. Pluses include resistance to Mildew and Oidium. Often this grapes are grown as an arbitrary.
Refers to early, it is grown in a non-union culture in the middle lane. The time of ripening berries is from 90 to 100 days. Depending on the summer, the variety matures in the Moscow region at the end of August – mid-September.
The number of covers on the escape – on average 1.5-1.8. Breakdi small, weighing 100-150 grams, medium density. Length grades – up to 15 cm.
This variety has fruits rounded or oval shape, they have a dark pink color. The pulp is a bit mucous, when taking food, a concerned fragrance is felt. Berry mass – 4.5-5 grams. Sweet and slightly with sour. At the expense of the peel can be stored in the refrigerator, well transported.
The berries are sweet with an acidic taste, taste a little resembles Isabella, because the grade comes from the blue variety of Motue Zil.
Depending on the cultivation conditions from the bush, you can get from 6 to 8, or even 10 kilograms. But for a good harvest, there must be a very deep layer of fertile land so that the roots are where to develop. It is impossible to make fresh manure, but rewinding will give a bush a lot of necessary substances.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
If the guna is cultivated in the middle lane, you need to carefully approach each stage. Most importantly – choose the right place. Do not fit the slopes facing north, the place must be covered with the sun all day. And also do not fit heavy, low-spirited, clay soils, former peatlands. This culture needs comfortable conditions.
A bush is planted in the spring so that he will have time to get tight. Planted in a pre-harvested pit, with drainage device and fertilizer and humus. The place must be well covered throughout the day, otherwise the berries may not be enough solar radiation, they will not cause.
A pit under the bush is prepared in autumn. It must be at least 60 centimeters depth, and better than 1 meter. It is well drained: on the bottom there are shards, brick chips or stones for drainage. Then the layer of sand, then a fertile land in the passage with overwhelming dung, make nitroammophos.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Flowers in grapes exclusively female, it is necessary to take into account this and land near the bushes Familors.
Autumn bush cut off, without trimming it will be bad fruit. If the grade is planting as decorative, you can not trim it. Just put bushes around the arbor, cut only weak and sick branches. When landing on the yoke, the autumn remove all shoots less than 1 centimeter in diameter. On the escape to leave 3 to 5 kidneys.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Grapes like culture, and guna in particular, loves rich soil. Requires a large number of fertilizers – well-reworked manure, mineral complexes for grapes.
Nitrogen responsible for the extension of green mass, the growth of escapes is made in spring as urea or nitrate. Phosphorus is necessary for the formation of flowers and fruits, superphosphate is introduced at the beginning of flowering. Potassium accelerates maturation, it is brightened closer to autumn. Copper, boron and zinc are also necessary for the development of the plant, they are contributed as part of special complexes of trace elements.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
In the snowy winter can be overwhelmed and without shelter. It is recommended as a garage variety, then he is not removed for the winter, and, as a rule, he is perfectly overwhelming.
Diseases and pests
The variety is resistant to the main diseases of the mildew, Oidium, Mildew.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Breakdi can be stored in the refrigerator.
According to reviews, Guna is well tolerating winter without shelter, the yield is average. Those who do not like isabelite taste, boil from this grade compote.