- Authors: Mr. Harad Tomikazu, Japan
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: amber
- Taste: With caramel and fruit tones
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 110-120
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Weight bunchy, g: 500-600
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
For the magnificent ability to accumulate sugar grapes Gold Finger (Gold Finger) listed in the Guinness Book of Records. This is not the only advantage of a variety created in Japan. Asian development can become a star of a garden area when performing proper care rules.
History of removal
Vintage Dawn Gold Finger appeared in 1982 as a result of crossing the Japanese breeder of Harada Tomikazu (Harada Tomikazu) varieties of Peerless and Pizzutello Bianco. Due to amber elongated berries, the variety received a sonor. After testing at the experimental station in 1993, the hybrid was registered. New waited for commercial success. Despite not quite a suitable climate (humidity and lack of the sun), competent agricultural engineering allows Japan farmers regularly receive a high harvest of this variety.
Gold Finger is popular in China, where it is bred, applying Japanese techniques and gibberllin growth regulator. This grape variety managed to love gardeners of Russia and CIS countries. It is successfully grown both in the Kaliningrad region and in Kuban.
This is an early high-yielding grade with a growing bush, conical clusters and large, very sweet berries of the original form. Possesses good immunity and good frost resistance.
Gold Finger’s early fruiting, full ripening of berries worth waiting in the second half of August. The period of vegetation variety is 110-120 days.
Brush shape – Proper conical. The bunches are medium or large, but slightly loose, with the middle-proper structure. At the gardeners of Central Russia, the bunches have an average weight of 500-600 g, much less often reach 600-800 g.
Berries Gold Finger’s large, oval elongated or arcuate form, golden-milk color, weighing from 5-6 g to 7-10 g. They have a dense skin. Puffed juicy flesh, fragrant. Inside can be 2-3 seeds. Sugar content is very high – from 18 to 22 degrees (Brix scale). The variety is perfect for the manufacture of compotes, jams, juices, wines.
The taste of grapes has a shade of caramel and fruit tones, without acid. With full ripening from berries, honey fragrance comes. Peel a little tart.
At the variety, the characteristics declared a high yield, however, it is not always possible to achieve its Russian gardeners. The bunches of the first crop are small, enlarged with the age of the plant.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Gold Finger forms a high bush, so the supporting sleeper is arranged for him. It is necessary to closely monitor the amount of inflorescences on the bush, as a large number of uncens can weaken the plant and lead to the fact that the crop will become more meager, and the berries – smaller. This variety can come to the conditions of irrigation: we need warm outstanding water, in which the feeders or wood ash are dissolved. When processing phytohormons, you can get extended fruits without bones and more powerful vines.
Landing is made in spring or in the autumn period before frosts. Suitable soil: loose black soil or sath. Gold Finger badly tolerates drafts and prefers to grow on the sunny side. Artificial barns may be required if the place is open.
Only healthy cuttings should be selected and soaked with water. In prepared pits (30 cm deep and 25-30 cm in width) fertilizers: potassium, humus, phosphorus or specialized mixtures. Grapes badly tolerate moisture stagnation, so at the bottom of the pit there must be a layer of drainage. After disembarking, the seedling is watered, and the soil around the cutter you need to mulch.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
The variety does not require artificial pollination: it has hay flowers.
Last year’s shoots are shortened by necessity, in the spring and autumn regularly trimmed adult bushes. Vintage should be conducted on time when the non-pronomous shoots are cleaned. Protecting weak, broken branches and border. Recommended pruning length fruit vines: 8-10 eyes.
Watering takes place in four stages:
in early spring;
After the formation of the barriers;
If the seedlings were planted into the trench, they already injected a long tube with holes for the use of directional watering under the roots of all bushes.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Bushes require shelter (spunbond, agrofiber) for the winter, if there are frosts with temperatures below -23 ° C. The plant is strong, and even damaged by cold bush is restored.
Diseases and pests
Gold Finger is considered to be resistant to diseases, but it will not prevent the usual set of protective events. The grade is imprude by fungi and rarely attack insect pests rarely. But the wasps and birds love the sweet juice of its berries, the Kapron mesh can protect from them.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Ripe bunches of Gold Finger grapes have low transportability: do not withstand long-term storage and require careful packaging.